Received an honorable mention at the 2016 British-Kuwait Friendship Society Book Prize
What happens when a monotheistic, foreign religion needs a space in which to worship in China, a civilisation with a building tradition that has been largely unchanged for several millennia? The story of this extraordinary convergence begins in the 7th century and continues under the Chinese rule of Song and Ming, and the non-Chinese rule of the Mongols and Manchus, each with a different political and religious agenda. The author shows that mosques, and ultimately Islam, have survived in China because the Chinese architectural system, though often unchanging, is adaptable: it can accommodate the religious requirements of Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, and Islam.
About the series: Edited by Robert Hillenbrand, books in the Edinburgh Studies in Islamic Art series offer readers easy access to the most up-to-date research across the whole range of Islamic art, representing various parts of the Islamic world, media and approaches. Books in the series are beautifully illustrated academic monographs of intellectual distinction that mark a significant advance in the field.
About the Author
Nancy S. Steinhardt is Professor of East Asian Art and Curator of Chinese Art at the University of Pennsylvania where she has taught since 1982. She received her PhD at Harvard in 1981 where she was a Junior Fellow from 1978-81. Steinhardt taught at Bryn Mawr from 1981-1982. She has broad research interests in the art and architecture of China and China's border regions, particularly problems that result from the interaction between Chinese art and that of peoples to the North, Northeast, and Northwest.
Steinhardt is author or co-author of Chinese Traditional Architecture (1984), Chinese Imperial City Planning (1990), Liao Architecture (1997), Chinese Architecture (2003), Reader in Traditional Chinese Culture (2005), Chinese Architecture and the Beaux-Arts (2011), Chinese Architecture in an Age of Turmoil, 200-600 (2014), and more than 70 scholarly articles. She is a recipient of grants from the Guggenheim Foundation, Institute for Advanced Study, National Endowment for the Humanities, American Council of Learned Societies, Getty Foundation, Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation, Social Science Research Council, American Philosophical Society, Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in the Fine Arts, Van Berchem Foundation, and Metropolitan Center for Far Eastern Art. She has given more than 300 public lectures or conference talks. Steinhardt is involved in international collaborations in China, Korea, and Japan. She has been an advisor, guest curator, or author for exhibitions at China Institute, Asia Society, the Metropolitan Museum, Japan Society, Chicago Art Institute, Smart Museum, and the Penn Museum.
Table of Contents
Chronology of Chinese Dynasties and Major Reign Periods
List of Maps; Captions and Credits
Chapter 1. Muslims, Mosques and Chinese Architecture
Chapter 2. China's Oldest Mosques
Chapter 3. China's Other Early Mosques
Chapter 4. Mongold, Mosques and Mausoleums
Chapter 5. Xi'an and Nanjing: Great Mosques and Great Ming Patrons
Chapter 6. Ox Street Mosque and Muslim Worship in or Near Beijing
Chapter 7. China's most Important Yuan and Ming Mosques
Chapter 8. Mosques and Qubbas in Ningxia, Gansu and Qinghai
Chapter 9. Xinjiang: Architecture of Qing China and Uyghur Central Asia
Chapter 10. Mosque, Synagogue, Church: Architecutre of Monotheism in China
Chapter 11. Conclusion: The Chinese Mosque in the Twenty-First Century