In the past decade, China's urban population and economy have grown dramatically. China realizes it must maintain steady and secure access to natural resources in order to placate its populace and maintain economic growth. This monograph examines Chinese actions to secure access to natural resources at home and abroad and discusses the affect a resource secure China has on the United States. China has shown that she has developed a comprehensive plan to maximize production of domestic natural resources and ensure access to multiple foreign sources, through internal restructuring, partnerships with foreign energy companies and effective use of all elements of national power. China's growing resource security affects the United States primarily in three ways. First, a resource secure China is difficult to leverage or threaten. Second, since China's resource security depends to a large degree on foreign supply, it will be challenging for the United States to pressure countries with which China has resource ties. Third, China's increasing influence in developing areas will cause the United States to revisit its foreign engagement policies.