China’s entry into the modern era was shaped by unprecedented internal turmoil and external pressures, which brought a forceful end to two millennia of imperial rule and cultural insularity. The essays in this volume offer a variety of perspectives on the impact of the West on indigenous literature, architecture, painting, and calligraphy during this period (ca. 1860–1980). Contents: In the Name of the Real by David Der-wei Wang; Painting and the Built Environment in Late- Nineteenth-Century Shanghai by Jonathan Hay; Sketch Conceptualism as Modernist Contingency by Eugene Y. Wang; Li Keran and His Exhibition Paintings by Wan Qingli; Aesthetic Appropriation of Ancient Calligraphy in Modern China by Lothar Ledderose; From Wu Dacheng to Mao Zedong: The Transformation of Chinese Calligraphy in the Twentieth Century by Qianshen Bai; Commentaries by Richard Vinograd and Julia F. Andrews
Author Biography: Maxwell K. Hearn is Curator and Judith G. Smith is Administrator in the Department of Asian Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art.