The Chinese have become a vibrant part of Toronto’s multiculturalism, with no less than seven Chinatowns created since 1984.
Short-listed for the 2013 Speaker’s Book Award and for the 2012 Heritage Toronto Award The modest beginnings of the Chinese in Toronto and the development of Chinatown is largely due to the completion of the CPR in 1885. No longer requiring the services of the Chinese labourers, a hostile British Columbia sent them eastward in search of employment and a more welcoming place. In 1894 Toronto’s Chinese population numbered fifty. Today, no less than seven Chinatowns serve what has become the second-largest visible minority in the city, with a population of half a million. In these pages, you will find their stories told through historical accounts, archival and present-day photographs, newspaper clippings, and narratives from old-timers and newcomers. With achievements spanning all walks of life, the Chinese in Toronto are no longer looking in from outside society’s circle. Their lives are a vibrant part of the diverse mosaic that makes Toronto one of the most multicultural cities in the world.
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About the Author
Arlene Chan is a third-generation Chinese Canadian who was born in Toronto and spent her early years in "Old Chinatown," at Elizabeth and Dundas Streets, where she helped at her parents’ restaurant. Her mother, Jean Lumb, was the first Chinese-Canadian woman to receive the Order of Canada. Arlene and her husband live in Toronto.
Table of Contents
One The Gold Rush and the Canadian Pacific Railway, 1858–1885 15
Two The Birth of Toronto’s Chinatown, 1885–1922 23
Three Early Organizations and the Great War, 1885–1922 51
Four The Bachelor Society and the War Years, 1923–1947 67
Five Saving Chinatown, 1947–1966 97
Six The Changing Face of Chinatown from 1967 125
Seven Ethnoburbs in the 1980s 153
Eight Diversity in the 1990s and 2000s 167
Nine Inside the Circle 197
Chinese Canadians (Greater Toronto Area) Appointed to the Order of Canada, 1976–2010 207
Chinese Canadians (Greater Toronto Area) Appointed to the Order of Ontario, 1991–2010 209
Selected Bibliography 229
About the Author 243