Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership

Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership

by Cheng Li

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Chinese politics are at a crossroads as President Xi Jinping amasses personal power and tests the constraints of collective leadership.

In the years since he became general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party in 2012, Xi Jinping has surprised many people in China and around the world with his bold anti-corruption campaign and his aggressive consolidation of power.

Given these new developments, we must rethink how we analyze Chinese politics—an urgent task as China now has more influence on the global economy and regional security than at any other time in modern history.

Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era examines how the structure and dynamics of party leadership have evolved since the late 1990s and argues that "inner-party democracy"—the concept of collective leadership that emphasizes deal making based on accepted rules and norms—may pave the way for greater transformation within China's political system. Xi's legacy will largely depend on whether he encourages or obstructs this trend of political institutionalization in the governance of the world's most populous and increasingly pluralistic country.

Cheng Li also addresses the recruitment and composition of the political elite, a central concern in Chinese politics. China analysts will benefit from the meticulously detailed biographical information of the 376 members of the 18th Central Committee, including tables and charts detailing their family background, education, occupation, career patterns, and mentor-patron ties.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780815726937
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Publication date: 10/18/2016
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 512
File size: 11 MB
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About the Author

Cheng Li is director and senior fellow at the John L. Thornton China Center at Brookings Institution. His previous books include China's Political Development: Chinese and American Perspectives (coedited), The Road to Zhongnanhai: High-Level Leadership Groups on the Eve of the 18th Party Congress , and China's Leaders: The New Generation.

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables ix

Acknowledgments xv

Prologue: Leadership: A Central Issue in Chinese Politics 1

1 Governance: Collective Leadership Revisited 7

2 Structure: China's Party-State System 41

3 Elites: Composition and Representation on the 18th Central Committee 77

4 Education; Advanced Degrees, Part-Time Training, and Study Abroad 119

5 Occupations: From Rule by Technocrats to a More Diverse Leadership 163

6 Mishu: Favoritism and Corruption in Elite Politics 207

7 Factions: One Party, Two Coalitions? 249

8 Proteges: Xi's Inner Circle 301

9 Trajectory: The 19th National Party Congress and Changing Dynamics in Chinese Society 351

List of Abbreviations 399

Notes 401

Glossary 449

Bibliography 455

Index 477

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