Discover the men behind one of the most exotic military environments of the 20th century. Humiliatingly defeated in the Sino-Japanese War 1894-95 and the Boxer Rebellion of 1900, Imperial China collapsed into revolution in the early 20th century and a republic was proclaimed in 1912. From the death of the first president in 1916 to the rise of the Nationalist Kuomintang government in 1926, the differing regions of this vast country were ruled by endlessly forming, breaking and re-forming alliances of regional generals who ruled as 'warlords'.
These warlords acted essentially as local kings and, much like Sengoku-period Japan, a few larger power-blocks emerged, fielding armies hundreds of thousands strong. This book, the first detailed, illustrated guide to do so,studies each great warlord in turn, as well as the organization of their forces which acquired much and very varied weaponry from the west, including the latest French air force bombers. They were also joined by Japanese, White Russian and some Western soldiers of fortune which adds even more color to a fascinating and oft-forgotten period. The fascinating text is illustrated with many rare photographs and detailed uniform plates by Stephen Walsh.
About the Author
Philip Jowett was born in Leeds in 1961, and has been interested in military history for as long as he can remember. His first Osprey book was the ground-breaking MAA 306 Chinese Civil War Armies 1911-49; he has since published a three-part sequence on The Italian Army 1940-45 (MAA 340, 349 & 353). A rugby league enthusiast and amateur genealogist, he is married and lives in Lincolnshire.
Table of Contents
Historical background - character of the warlord armies
Main Warlord Armies, 1916-30 10
The Anhwei Clique army, 1916-20
Wu Pei-Fu and the Chihli Clique army, 1920-27
Feng Yu-hsiang and the Kuominchun army, 1924-27
Chang Tso-lin and the Fengtien army, 1920-28
Other Warlords 14
Chang T'sung-chang, 'the Dog-Meat General' - Sung Ch'uan-fang, 'the Nanking Warlord' -Yen His-shan, 'the Model Governor'
Minor warlords: Szechwan and Yunnan provinces
The Kuomintang's National Revolutionary Army, 1924-30
Foreign Advisors & Mercenaries 18
Japanese and Soviet missions - soldiers of fortune - White Russian mercenaries
Arms & Equipment 20
Pistols - rifles - machine guns - mortars - artillery
Armoured vehicles - armoured trains
Warlord air arms
Warlord army uniforms - headgear - insignia
National Revolutionary Army uniforms
Armbands and other field signs
Plate Commentaries 43