Everyone’s cell phone of 2010 has chips inside with Billions of sub-100-nanometer transistors. By 2020, we will see systems-on-chips with Trillions of 10-nanometer transistors. However, this decade will see the end of the roadmap at 10 nanometers because smaller transistors, containing just a few control atoms, are no longer useful due to their fundamental statistical variance. There is also an immanent energy crisis, because, with 2010 chip technology, the internet of 2015 alone would consume the total global electrical power.A new, sustainable roadmap is presented in this book towards femto(10-15)-Joule low-energy, high-performance electronics. The focus is on the energy-efficiency of all chip functionalities, sensing, processing, and communication, in a top-down spirit involving new architectures like silicon brains, ultra-low-voltage circuits, energy harvesting, and silicon technologies with three dimensions and a mix of compatible lithography and self-assembly.A requirements-driven innovation ecosystem is the critical path to offer sustainable nanoelectronics to Billions of people. Recognized world leaders from the industry and from the research community share their views of this nanoelectronics future:Ubiquitous communication based on mobile companions, health and care supported by autonomous implants and by personal carebots, safe and efficient mobility assisted by co-pilots equipped with intelligent micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), and internet-based education for a Billion K-90 students.The book should be helpful to all those who have to make decisions associated with future electronics, from students to graduates, to educators, to researchers, as well as to managers, investors, and policy makers.
About the Author
About the Editor Prof. Hoefflinger has a lifelong career with semiconductor chips: After starting at Siemens Research, he was invited to join the faculty at Cornell University, where he set up and taught the first graduate course on integrated circuits (IC’s). He continued as the first product manager for MOS IC’s, Siemens, Munich. With that experience, he became a co-founder of the University of Dortmund, where he built the first public pilot line for IC’s in Europe, which realized the world’s first all-ion-implanted Bipolar-CMOS process. As Head of the Electrical Engineering Departments at the University of Minnesota and at Purdue University, he led the major expansions of their electronics programs. He was invited back to Germany to build and lead the Institute for Microelectronics Stuttgart. As a public enterprise for contract R&D, it became one of the first certified manufacturing lines in Europe for CMOS Application-Specific Circuits. It has become the world leader in the development and manufacture of test masks for every next-generation lithography since the 1990’s. Bernd Hoefflinger has been the recipient or co-recipient of numerous scientific and best-product awards. He is a member of the Dusseldorf Academy of Sciences
Table of ContentsIntroduction: Towards Sustainable 2020 Nanoelectronics.- From Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics.- The Future of Eight Chip Technologies.- Analog–Digital Interfaces.- Interconnects and Transceivers.- Requirements and Markets for Nanoelectronics.- ITRS: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors.- Nanolithography.- Power-Efficient Design Challenges.- Superprocessors and Supercomputers.- Towards Terabit Memories.- 3D Integration for Wireless Multimedia.- The Next-Generation Mobile User-Experience.- MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) for Automotive and Consumer.- Vision Sensors and Cameras.- Digital Neural Networks for New Media.- Retinal Implants for Blind Patients.- Silicon Brains.- Energy Harvesting and Chip Autonomy.- The Energy Crisis.- The Extreme-Technology Industry.- Education and Research for the Age of Nanoelectronics.- 2020 World with Chips.