ISBN-10:
0813368243
ISBN-13:
9780813368245
Pub. Date:
12/28/1999
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Citizen Participation In Resource Allocation / Edition 1

Citizen Participation In Resource Allocation / Edition 1

by William Simonsen, Mark Robbins

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Overview

Citizen Participation In Resource Allocation / Edition 1

Not all citizens seek to extract a '''free lunch' from government by demanding more services at the same time that they eschew taxes. It is possible to gather the insights of an representative and informed citizenry in sophisticated and reliable form. Citizen Participation in Resource Allocation explores the means to obtaining informed insight from citizens in ways that can aid decision-makers who seek to understand the preferences of the public as a whole 'not just from its most vocal critics. Simonsen and Robbins present a description and analysis of several specific participation efforts from throughout the United States. They also examine more generally the idea of participation mechanisms, the objectives they seek to achieve and the roots of their contributions to governance. The authors look at the ways in which participatory efforts have evolved to shape and be shaped by the changing needs of the nation. Then they turn their attention to an analysis of findings from Eugene Decisions, an innovative participation mechanism combining forums and surveys created in an attempt to allow citizens to propose solutions to an ongoing budget deficit. Citizen Participation in Resource Allocation exposes the contemporary glut of participation projects to the scrutiny of objective questioning and analysis. What makes citizen participation efforts useful' How has citizen participation evolved in the life of public administration? Which participation processes are best poised to provide a clear view of the budget balancing preferences of informed citizens? How do citizens respond to questions about their specific solutions to a government's budget crisis? The authors, researchers at the University of Oregon and the University of Georgia, combine their efforts to present a lively and concise look at the traditions of participation and its practical use for resource allocation decisions.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813368245
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 12/28/1999
Series: Urban Policy Challenges Series
Edition description: REV
Pages: 199
Product dimensions: 6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

William Simonsen is associate professor in the Department of Planning, Public Policy and Management at the University of Oregon, where he has taught since 1990. Mark D. Robbins is assistant professor of political science at the University of Georgia. William Simonsen is associate professor in the Department of Planning, Public Policy and Management at the University of Oregon, where he has taught since 1990. Mark D. Robbins is assistant professor of political science at the University of Georgia.

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tablesix
Acknowledgmentsxi
Introductionxiii
1Theoretical and Historical Context of Public Participation1
Representation Versus Participation4
Politics Versus Administration7
Bureaucracies and Expertise Versus Citizen Access10
Tensions11
Public Hearings12
Advisory Committees13
Grassroots Versus Government-Sponsored Participation14
Citizen Agencies16
Discussion17
2Contemporary Techniques for Citizen Involvement21
Citizen Surveys and Forums22
Citizen Juries and Panels26
Two National Projects on the Federal Budget Deficit29
Organizations with Ongoing Efforts in Citizen Participation30
Preferences Under a Budget Constraint31
Gauging the Results of Citizen Participation Efforts33
Lessons from Participation Projects37
Discussion41
3How Do Citizens Balance the Budget?45
Eugene, Oregon, and Eugene Decisions45
The Design of the Surveys50
Analysis of the Survey Results52
Discussion68
4How Fiscal Information and Service Use Influence Citizen Preferences71
Notions of Citizenship and Responses to Fiscal Information71
Research on Effects of Fiscal Information and Service Use73
Methodology79
Findings--Information Effects87
Findings--Service Use98
Discussion108
5Conclusions: Lessons for Governments115
Where We Have Been115
Reflections on Citizen Participation Efforts120
Call for Research121
Last Words122
Appendices125
Appendix ABOB (Build Your Own Budget) Survey125
Appendix BIvory Survey131
Appendix CBlue Survey144
Appendix DOLS Regression Coefficients--Services159
Appendix EOLS Regression Coefficients--Taxes160
Appendix FLogistic Regression Coefficients--Services161
Appendix GLogistic Regression Coefficients--Taxes162
References163
Index173

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