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When the world descends on Beijing for the 2008 Olympics, it will find the results of a helter skelter rush for modernization and wealth. In the course of a thousand years, temples and shrines, palaces, and gardens had filled the walls of old Peking. Its narrow, twisting streets held the collective memories of five dynasties and turbulent events of the 20th century. It has now all been swept away to make way for a new city filled with dull, boxy high rises, rows of shopping malls, office towers blocks, and residential housing developments marching down uniform streets. The City of Heavenly Tranquility explores how and why the Chinese buried their history and destroyed one of the world's most fabled cities, virtually extinguishing the culture of one of the greatest and oldest civilizations within the span of a single lifetime.
In a tour de force by a long time resident, British journalist Jasper Becker brings to life the strange and exotic lives of the emperors, eunuchs, courtesans, and warriors who for centuries ruled from behind the red walls of the Forbidden City. Becker mixes his own experiences with poignant stories from those who were destroyed in the tornado of destruction as they tried to rescue something from the past. Writing vividly and with passion, Becker shows how ruthless officials and a fiercely nationalistic government set itself the monumental mission to change the fabric of a nation - and succeeded. He also explains how those currently in power, Mao's former Red Guards, remain determined to modernize China by jettisoning the past and clearing space for the future, evicting over three million residents in Beijing alone.
Praise for Rogue Regime: Kim Jong Il and the Looming Threat of North Korea:
· "Becker makes a powerful case for defining Kim once and for allnot as an ordinary, if nuclear-tipped, dictator, but as an extraordinarily skillful tyrant presiding over the worst man-made catastrophe in modern history.... A highly readable narrative that.... is a subtle plea to the world to expand its focus beyond theadmittedly importantnuclear issue to the vast humanitarian catastrophe unfolding under Kim Jong Il's gaze."Joshua Kurlantzick, New York Times Book Review
· "A good new look at North Korea."Nicholas Kristof
· "A very timely book.... Not for the faint-hearted. Mr. Becker takes an unblinking look at a dark regime that has made North Korea an international pariah, has elevated its rulers to the status of gods, and through torture and indoctrination reduced its subjects to virtual slaves.... The facts almost defy belief."William Grimes, New York Times
· "Jasper Becker has warned us about North Korea, as a journalist with a sharp eye and an historian with perspective. North Korea with its bizarre cult of personality, its failed economy, its crackpot ideology and its relentless pursuit of weapons of mass destruction is a major challenge in the twenty-first century."James Lilley, Former American Ambassador to South Korea and China
Praise for Hungry Ghosts: Mao's Secret Famine:
· "A masterly account of the greatest peacetime disaster of this century."Nicholas Eberstadt, New York Times Book Review
· "The first serious attempt to unearth the truth of the massive human tragedy behind the 'Great Leap Forward' in China between 1958 and 1961.... A remarkable book, the more devastating for its quietness and absence of rhetoric."Kirkus Reviews
About the Author
Jasper Becker, an award-winning author, has worked as a foreign correspondent for twenty-five years, including fifteen years based in Beijing. He is author of Hungry Ghosts, The Chinese, and, most recently, Rogue Regime: Kim Jong Il and the Looming Threat of North Korea. An expert on East Asian history and politics, Becker's work has been featured in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, New Republic, The London Review of Books, National Geographic, and Time Asia.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations vii
In Xanadu 15
The Emperor of Perpetual Happiness 33
Madness in the Forbidden City 45
On the Wild Wall 61
The Ming Tombs 71
In the Garden of Perfect Brightness 80
The Broken Bowl Tea House 96
The Last Sanctuary of the Unknown and Marvellous 109
The Last Manchus 127
In Search of the Golden Flower 148
Mao and Beijing 162
History in Stone 183
The Strange Death of Lao She 196
The Red Maid's Tale 219
The Last Playboy of Beijing 236
The Protectress of Flowers 255
Radiant City of the Future 276
The Eternal Present 314
Sources and Notes 334