ISBN-10:
0300078773
ISBN-13:
9780300078770
Pub. Date:
04/10/1999
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History / Edition 1

Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History / Edition 1

by Rogers M. SmithRogers M. Smith
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Overview

Is civic identity in the United States really defined by liberal, democratic political principles? Or is U.S. citizenship the product of multiple traditions—not only liberalism and republicanism but also white supremacy, Anglo-Saxon supremacy, Protestant supremacy, and male supremacy? In this powerful and disturbing book, Rogers Smith traces political struggles over U.S. citizenship laws from the colonial period through the Progressive era and shows that throughout this time, most adults were legally denied access to full citizenship, including political rights, solely because of their race, ethnicity, or gender. Basic conflicts over these denials have driven political development and civic membership in the U.S., Smith argues. These conflicts are what truly define U.S. civic identity up to this day.

Others have claimed that nativist, racist, and sexist traditions have been marginal or that they are purely products of capitalist institutions. In contrast, Smith’s pathbreaking account explains why these traditions have been central to American political and economic life. He shows that in the politics of nation building, principles of democracy and liberty have often failed to foster a sense of shared "peoplehood" and have instead led many Americans to claim that they are a "chosen people," a "master race" or superior culture, with distinctive gender roles. Smith concludes that today the United States is in a period of reaction against the egalitarian civic reforms of the last generation, with nativist, racist, and sexist beliefs regaining influence. He suggests ways that proponents of liberal democracy should alter their view of U.S. citizenship in order to combat these developments more effectively.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780300078770
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 04/10/1999
Series: The Institution for Social and Policy Studies
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 736
Product dimensions: 6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1(12)
1 The Hidden Lessons of American Citizenship Laws
13(27)
2 Fierce New World The Colonial Sources of American Citizenship
40(30)
3 Forging a Revolutionary People, 1763-1776
70(17)
4 Citizens of Small Republics The Confederation Era, 1776-1789
87(28)
5 The Constitution and the Quest for National Citizenship
115(22)
6 Attempting National Liberal Citizenship The Federalist Years, 1789-1801
137(28)
7 Toward a Commercial Nation of White Yeoman Republics The Jeffersonian Era, 1801-1829
165(32)
8 High Noon of the White Republic The Age of Jackson, 1829-1856
197(46)
9 Dred Scott Unchained The Bloody Birth of the Free Labor Republic, 1857-1866
243(43)
10 The America That "Never Was" The Radical Hour, 1866-1876
286(61)
11 The Gilded Age of Ascriptive Americanism, 1876-1898
347(63)
12 Progressivism and the New American Empire, 1898-1912
410(60)
Epilogue The Party of America 470(37)
Notes 507(138)
Bibliography 645(28)
Index of Cases 673(28)
Index 701

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