Pub. Date:
Taylor & Francis
Clash of Paradigms: Response and Development in the South

Clash of Paradigms: Response and Development in the South

by Susan L. Maiava


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780754614326
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 04/01/2001
Series: SOAS Studies in Development Geography
Pages: 278
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 8.78(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tablesix
List of Figuresxi
List of Platesxii
Acronyms and Abbreviationsxvii
Glossary of Samoan Words and Phrasesxviii
2Establishing the Theoretical Context7
The Beginning of an Anti-Thesis: Liberal Modernisation12
The Third Paradigm17
People-Centred Development17
Populism: Spontaneous Development21
The Third Paradigm: An Appraisal26
A Theory of Development for the Pacific: MIRAB30
The Return of Modernisation: Neo-liberalism34
3Development in Practice: Development Projects37
The Development Project37
The Project Cycle38
Planning for People-Centred Development44
Development as Cultural Interaction50
4Samoa, Cattle and Development: Cross-Cultural Interpretations57
Culture as Constraint: Interpretations of the Role of Samoan Culture in Development57
Interpretations of the Role of Samoan Culture in Development of the Smallholder Cattle Sector68
Culture as Motivation: The Emergence of an Anti-Thesis72
5Understanding Samoan Culture77
The Meaning of Culture77
The Importance of Family79
Rank, Status and Social Change84
Competition, Co-operation, Community and Contradictions88
Economic Values: Work, Income and Money; Distribution, Exchange and Obligation89
6Cattle in Samoan Culture: Fa'alavelave99
The Research: Asking the Right Questions99
In the Field102
A Case Study of a Funeral106
A Survey of Fa'alavelave119
Farmers' Thinking About Cattle in Fa'alavelave129
The Importance, Usefulness and Meaning of Contributing Cattle to Fa'alavelave129
The Social Context of Contributing Cattle to Fa'alavelave: Obligation, Motivation, Ambivalence and Change132
7Cattle in Samoan Society and Livelihood Systems: Farmers' Experience with Cattle139
The Experience of One Village139
Cattle and Samoan Society144
Cattle, Land Tenure and Social Change151
Cattle in the Rural Livelihood System153
Technical Issues and Farmer Innovation157
8The Success of Cattle Projects in Samoa: An Historical Perspective167
The History of Cattle and Cattle Projects in Samoa168
The Pioneer Phase168
The Rapid Expansion Phase170
The Turnaround181
The National Herd181
Success in the Smallholder Sector182
Success Found in This Research184
Other Measures of Success189
Explaining the Turnaround190
9Exploding the Myths193
Revisiting the Assumptions About Farmer Behaviour193
Exposing the Myths197
Locating this Research in Cattle Projects in Samoa and the Pacific205
The Findings of This Research207
Accounting for These Observations in Theory212
From Theory to Experience: What Really Happened215
A New Theory?216
Populism and Fundamental Needs218
Conclusion: Asking the Right Questions222
Appendix 1The Survey of Smallholder Cattle Farmers227
Appendix 2Map of Samoa230

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