Climate and Time in their Geological Relations: A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth's Climate

Climate and Time in their Geological Relations: A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth's Climate

by James Croll

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Overview

Climate and Time in their Geological Relations: A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth's Climate by James Croll

This first book by James Croll (1821-90), published in 1875, includes many of the original geophysical theories that he had formulated throughout the early years of his career. A self-educated amateur, Croll obtained work at the Glasgow Andersonian Museum, which gave him leisure time to pursue his scientific interests. The fluidity of scientific disciplines at the time allowed him to virtually invent the field of geophysics, and his unique insights united ideas previously thought unconnected, such as using physics to explore the causes of the glacial epochs, climatic changes and the circulation and temperature of ocean currents. Croll, whose Stellar Evolution and Its Relations to Geological Time is also reissued in this series, later became a Fellow of the Royal Society and of St Andrew's University, but (possibly because of his non-scientific background) he writes in a style which makes his works accessible to a lay readership.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781108048378
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 05/15/2012
Series: Cambridge Library Collection - Physical Sciences
Edition description: Reissue
Pages: 620
Product dimensions: 5.51(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.38(d)

Table of Contents

Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Ocean-currents in relation to the distribution of heat over the globe; 3. Ocean-currents in relation to the distribution of heat over the globe continued; 4. Outline of the physical agencies which lead to secular changes of climate; 5. Reason why the Southern Hemisphere is colder than the northern; 6. Examination of the gravitation theory of oceanic circulation. Lieut. Maury's theory; 7. Examination of the gravitation theory of oceanic circulation. Lieut. Maury's theory continued; 8. Examination of the gravitation theory of oceanic circulation. Dr Carpenter's theory; 9. Examination of the gravitation theory of oceanic circulation. The mechanics of Dr Carpenter's theory; 10. Examination of the gravitation theory of oceanic circulation. Dr Carpenter's theory. Objections considered; 11. The inadequacy of the gravitation theory proved by another method; 12. Mr. A. G. Findlay's objections considered; 13. The wind theory of oceanic circulation; 14. The wind theory of oceanic circulation in relation to change of climate; 15. Warm inter-glacial periods; 16. Warm inter-glacial periods in Arctic regions; 17. Former glacial epochs. Reason of the imperfection of geological records in reference to them; 18. Former glacial epochs, geological evidence of; 19. Geological time. Probable date of the glacial epoch; 20. Geological time. Method of measuring the rate of subaerial denudation; 21. The probable age and origin of the sun; 22. A method of determining the mean thickness of the sedimentary rocks of the globe; 23. The physical cause of the submergence and emergence of the land during the glacial epoch; 24. The physical cause of the submergence and emergence of the land during the glacial epoch continued; 25. The influence of the obliquity of the ecliptic on climate and on the level of the sea; 26. Coal an inter-glacial formation; 27. Path of the ice-sheet in North-western Europe and its relations to the boulder clay of Caithness; 28. North of England ice-sheet, and transport of Wastdale Crag blocks; 29. Evidence from buried river channels of a continental period in Britain; 30. The physical cause of the motion of glaciers. Theories of glacier-motion; 31. The physical cause of the motion of glaciers. The molecular theory; Appendix; Index.

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