Society is increasingly affected by climate impacts, from prolonged water shortages to damaging coastal floods and wildfires. Scientists studying climate variations are eager to have their knowledge used in adaptive decision making. To achieve this, science and society must engage productively around complex management and policy challenges. For over 20 years, the science-society interface has been fertile ground for the Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) programs sponsored by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Climate in Context describes what it takes to help scientists and stakeholders work together to “co-produce” climate science knowledge, policy, and action. This state-of-the art synthesis reflects on lessons learned by RISA programs, and provides a sober assessment of the challenges ahead. Through case studies from various US regions, this book provides lessons and guidance for organizations and individuals who want to work at the science-society interface on a range of climate challenges.
About the Author
Adam Parris, M.S., is Executive Director of the Science and Resilience Institute at Jamaica Bay, a partnership between the City of New York, the National Park Service, and nine universities working in the New York-New Jersey Harbor, including his home institution the City University of New York - Brooklyn College.Gregg Garfin, Ph.D., is Associate Professor and Associate Extension Specialist in Climate Science, Policy & Natural Resources, in the School of Natural Resources and the Environment, and Deputy Director for Science Translation and Outreach in the Institute of the Environment at the University of Arizona.Kirstin Dow, Ph.D., is Professor of Geography in the University of South Carolina. She leads the Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments (CISA), one of the eleven NOAA-sponsored RISA teams, helping to expand and build the nation’s capacity to prepare for and adapt to climate variability and change through building partnerships.
Ryan Meyer is Senior Scientist at the California Ocean Science Trust, an organization that works across traditional boundaries between government, communities, and science to build trust and understanding in ocean and coastal science.
Sarah L. Close, Ph.D., is a Program Specialist in the Climate and Societal Interactions division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Climate Program Office where she helps manage the RISA program, in addition to working on climate adaptation in coastal ecosystems. Sarah is supported by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR).
Table of Contents
List of contributors vii
Background on RISA xxv
Section I: Understanding context and risk
1 Assessing needs and decision contexts: RISA approaches to engagement research 3 Caitlin F. Simpson, Lisa Dilling, Kirstin Dow, Kirsten J. Lackstrom, Maria Carmen Lemos and Rachel E. Riley
2 Understanding the user context: decision calendars as frameworks for linking climate to policy, planning, and decision-making 27 Andrea J. Ray and Robert S. Webb
3 Climate science for decision-making in the New York metropolitan region 51 Radley Horton, Cynthia Rosenzweig, William Solecki, Daniel Bader and Linda Sohl
Section II: Managing knowledge-to-action networks
4 Connecting climate information with practical uses: Extension and the NOAA RISA program 75 John Stevenson, Michael Crimmins, Jessica Whitehead, Julie Brugger and Clyde Fraisse
5 Participatory, dynamic models: a tool for dialogue 99 Laura Schmitt Olabisi, Stuart Blythe, Ralph Levine, Lorraine Cameron and Michael Beaulac
6 Not another webinar! Regional webinars as a platform for climate knowledge-to-action networking in Alaska 117 Sarah F. Trainor, Nathan P. Kettle and J. Brook Gamble
Section III: Innovating services
7 The making of national seasonal wildfire outlooks 143 Gregg Garfin, Timothy J. Brown, Tom Wordell and Ed Delgado
8 Challenges, pitfalls, and lessons learned in developing a drought decision-support tool 173 Greg Carbone, Jinyoung Rhee, Kirstin Dow, Jay Fowler, Gregg Garfin, Holly Hartmann, Ellen Lay and Art DeGaetano
9 Managing the 2011 drought: a climate services partnership 191 Mark Shafer, David Brown and Chad McNutt
Section IV: Advancing science policy
10 Evaluation to advance science policy: lessons from Pacific RISA and CLIMAS 215 Daniel B. Ferguson, Melissa L. Finucane, Victoria W. Keener and Gigi Owen
11 Navigating scales of knowledge and decision-making in the Intermountain West: implications for science policy 235 Eric S. Gordon, Lisa Dilling, Elizabeth McNie and Andrea J. Ray
12 Evolving the practice of Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments 255 Adam Parris, Sarah L. Close, Ryan Meyer, Kirstin Dow and Gregg Garfin