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Clouds of Secrecy: The Army's Germ Warfare Tests Over Populated Areas
     

Clouds of Secrecy: The Army's Germ Warfare Tests Over Populated Areas

by Leonard A. Cole, Alan Cranston
 

ISBN-10: 0847675793

ISBN-13: 9780847675791

Pub. Date: 02/15/1989

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

In the 1970s, Americans learned that for decades they had been unsuspecting guinea pigs in a series of astonishing experiments conducted by the U.S. Army. Military researchers had been secretly spraying clouds of bacteria over populated areas in order to study America's vulnerability to biological weapons. No precautions were taken to protect the millions of people

Overview

In the 1970s, Americans learned that for decades they had been unsuspecting guinea pigs in a series of astonishing experiments conducted by the U.S. Army. Military researchers had been secretly spraying clouds of bacteria over populated areas in order to study America's vulnerability to biological weapons. No precautions were taken to protect the millions of people exposed, despite known risks to their health.

The army continues to assume the right to resume bacteriological testing at its own discretion -- a 1986 report to Congress indicates that open air testing is now taking place at a military facility in Utah as part of the Reagan administration's expanded biological warfare program.

Clouds of Secrecy is a probing examination of the Army's germ warfare testing program from World War II to the present. Using extensive information from congressional hearings, courtroom testimony, interviews, and government documents, the author details the nature of the Army's biological experiments, the reasoning behind the tests, and the effects on exposed human populations.

These experiments prompt questions not only about the rationale and conduct of the biological warfare research program, but also about the relation of science to contemporary society. Is such testing, as one critic described it, "science gone mad?"

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780847675791
Publisher:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
02/15/1989
Pages:
200
Product dimensions:
6.38(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Foreword by Senator Alan Cranston Chapter 2 Preface Chapter 3 Clouds of Secrecy: Introduction Chapter 4 Infecting the Enemy: Biological Warfare in the Past, and the Road to Testing Chapter 5 Living Near Gruinard Island Chapter 6 Fort Detrick's Mysteries Chapter 7 The Army's Germ Warfare Simulants: How Dangerous Are They? Chapter 8 Airborne in the U.S.A.: Open Air Vulnerability Tests in Minneapolis, St. Louis, and the New York City Subway System Chapter 9 Edward Nevin and the Spraying of San Francisco Chapter 10 The Trial Chapter 11 Terror or Error: The Yellow Rain Puzzle Chapter 12 Engineering Genes for Defense: Recombinant DNA Technology and Biological Warfare Chapter 13 Return to Testing: Field Experiments, the Dugway Issue, and Ethical Questions Chapter 14 Worries and Ambiguities Chapter 15 Appendices Chapter 16 Index

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