Clusters of Atoms and Molecules II: Solvation and Chemistry of Free Clusters, and Embedded, Supported and Compressed Clusters

Clusters of Atoms and Molecules II: Solvation and Chemistry of Free Clusters, and Embedded, Supported and Compressed Clusters

by Hellmut Haberland (Editor)

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1994)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642849879
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 12/21/2011
Series: Springer Series in Chemical Physics , #56
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1994
Pages: 414
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- 1.1 Historical Application of Metal Clusters.- 1.2 Outlook.- Reference.- 2 Solvation, Chemistry, and Charging of Free Clusters.- 2.1 Solvated Atoms in Polar Solvents.- 2.1.1 Introduction.- 2.1.2 Experimental.- 2.1.3 Ionisation Potentials.- 2.1.4 Further Spectroscopic Studies.- References.- 2.2 IR Spectroscopy of Solvated Molecules.- 2.2.1 Introduction.- 2.2.2 Solvation Studies.- 2.2.3 Computer Simulations.- 2.2.4 Complex Forming Reactions on the Surface and in the Interior of a Cluster.- 2.2.5 Recent Experimental Results.- References.- 2.3 IR Spectroscopy of Hydrogen Bonded Charged Clusters.- 2.3.1 General Background and Motivation.- 2.3.2 Some Previous Studies.- 2.3.3 Consequence Spectroscopy of Charged Clusters.- 2.3.4 Basic Principles of the Experiment.- 2.3.5 Typical Results and Interpretations.- 2.3.6 Concluding Remarks.- References.- 2.4 Solvated Cluster Ions.- 2.4.1 Introduction.- 2.4.2 Experimental Techniques.- 2.4.3 Reactions Influenced by Solvation.- 2.4.4 Solvation Phenomena.- 2.4.5 Photodissociation Experiments of Solvated Cluster Ions.- 2.4.6 Recent Developments.- References.- 2.5 Solvated Electron Clusters.- 2.5.1 Introduction.- 2.5.2 Case Studies.- 2.5.3 Outlook.- 2.5.4 Recent Developments.- References.- 2.6 Internal Reactions and Metastable Dissociations after Ionization of van der Waals Clusters.- 2.6.1 Introduction.- 2.6.2 Ionization Mechanisms and Processes.- 2.6.3 Ionization Efficiency.- 2.6.4 Post Collision Internal Reactions.- 2.6.5 Metastable Dissociations.- 2.6.6 Recent Developments.- References.- 2.7 Multiply Charged Clusters.- 2.7.1 Introduction.- 2.7.2 Formation of Multiply Charged Clusters.- 2.7.3 Stability and Fragmentation of Multiply Charged Clusters.- 2.7.4 Outlook.- 2.7.5 Recent Developments.- References.- 2.8 Chemistry with Neutral Metal Clusters.- 2.8.1 Introduction — Clusters and Heterogeneous Catalysis.- 2.8.2 Experimental.- 2.8.3 Adsorbate Uptake — The Path to Coverage.- 2.8.4 Kinetics — Strong Cluster Size Dependence and the Approach to Bulk.- 2.8.5 Equilibrium — The Thermodynamics of Adsorbate Binding.- 2.8.6 Saturated Compositions — The Number and Nature of Adsorption Sites.- 2.8.7 Chemical Probes of Metal Cluster Structure.- 2.8.8 Chemistry on Clusters — Adsorbate Decomposition.- 2.8.9 Future Prospects.- 2.8.10 Recent Developments.- References.- 2.9 Chemistry with Cluster Ions.- 2.9.1 Introduction.- 2.9.2 Experimental Methods.- 2.9.3 Comparison of Ion and Neutral Cluster Reactivity.- 2.9.4 Boron Cluster Ions: A Case Study with Ion Beams.- 2.9.5 Chemistry Studies with ICR Methods.- 2.9.6 Chemical Identification of Isomers.- 2.9.7 Future Directions.- 2.9.8 Recent Developments.- References.- 3 Embedded, Supported, and Compressed Clusters.- 3.1 Optical Properties of Silver Clusters in Dielectric Matrices.- 3.1.1 Introduction.- 3.1.2 Optical Absorption of Colloids.- 3.1.3 Size Effect and the Influence of the Matrix.- References.- 3.2 Aerosols, Large Clusters in Gas Suspensions.- 3.2.1 Introduction.- 3.2.2 Some Tools of Aerosol Science.- 3.2.3 Diffusion Charging of Particles.- 3.2.4 Photoelectric Charging of Particles.- 3.2.5 The Photoelectric Yield of Small Metals Particles.- 3.2.6 Adsorption of Gas Molecules at the Surface of Particles.- 3.2.7 Applications of Photoelectron Emission from Particles..- 3.2.8 X-Ray Absorption of Particles.- 3.2.9 Conclusions.- 3.2.10 Recent Developments.- References.- 3.3 Metal Clusters in a Liquid Environment Photographic Development.- 3.3.1 Introduction.- 3.3.2 Synthesis.- 3.3.3 Physical Properties.- 3.3.4 Chemical Properties.- 3.3.5 Photographic Development.- 3.3.6 Conclusion.- 3.3.7 Recent Developments.- References.- 3.4 Larger Semiconductor Clusters (“Quantum Dots”).- 3.4.1 Introduction.- 3.4.2 Elementary Theory.- 3.4.3 Summary.- References.- 3.5 Electromagnetic Excitations of Large Clusters.- 3.5.1 Introduction.- 3.5.2 Extinction of Radiation by Single Particles.- 3.5.3 Discussion of Optical Properties of Isolated Clusters.- 3.5.4 Intrinsic Optical Cluster Size Effects.- 3.5.5 Optical Properties of Cluster Matter.- 3.5.6 Appendix: Computer Program of the Mie Theory.- References.- 3.6 Supported Clusters.- 3.6.1 Introduction.- 3.6.2 Preparation of Supported Clusters.- 3.6.3 Cluster Growth.- 3.6.4 Band Structure of Clusters.- 3.6.5 Core Electron Spectra.- 3.6.6 Other Types of Measurement.- 3.6.7 Metal-Insulator Transition.- 3.6.8 Prospects for the Future.- 3.6.9 Conclusion.- References.- 3.7 Nanocrystalline Materials.- 3.7.1 Introduction.- 3.7.2 Basic Ideas.- 3.7.3 Preparation and Characterization.- 3.7.4 Structural Studies.- 3.7.5 Properties.- 3.7.6 Multiphase Nanocrystalline Materials.- 3.7.7 Prospects.- References.- Subject Index of Volume 52.

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