The Code of the City: Standards and the Hidden Language of Place Making

The Code of the City: Standards and the Hidden Language of Place Making

by Eran Ben-Joseph
Pub. Date:
MIT Press


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The Code of the City: Standards and the Hidden Language of Place Making

Standards and codes dictate virtually all aspects of urban development. The same standards for subdividing land, grading, laying streets and utilities, and configuring rights-of-way and street widths to accommodate cars (rather than pedestrians) have been adopted in many areas of the world regardless of variations in local environments. In The Code of the City, Eran Ben-Joseph examines the relationship between standards and place making. He traces the evolution of codes and standards and analyzes their impact on the modern city and its suburbs, arguing that it is time for development regulations to reflect site-specific and localized physical design.

Standards and codes were meant to bring order and safety to the city building process. But now, Ben-Joseph argues, these accumulated rules and their widespread application illustrate a disconnect between the original rationale for their existence and their actual effect on the natural and human environment. To discover how this separation of codes from local conditions came about, he looks at the origins of urban standards and their use, from early civilization through the rapid urbanization of the nineteenth century. He provides examples that demonstrate how standards have shaped residential developments and reshaped the natural landscape. And he considers alternatives for the future—innovation and de facto deregulation by private developers, new design technologies, and place-based regulations reflecting local conditions. Standards, writes Ben-Joseph, will continue to shape the built environment, but they must be flexible enough to allow for innovation and contribute to the development of sustainable and desirable communities.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262524452
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 11/18/2005
Series: Urban and Industrial Environments
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 264
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Eran Ben-Joseph has worked as a city planner and urban designer in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and the United States. Professor of Landscape Architecture and Planning at MIT, he is the author of The Code of the City (MIT Press) and coauthor of Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities and RENEW Town.

What People are Saying About This

Andres Duany

This is not just one more book on American planning. It is the one intelligible and comprehensive explanation of the genetic basis behind the places that we inhabit. Codes are just that: the DNA of our cities. This book will be a revelation to those under the mistaken impression that our excellent or dismal living conditions are somehow inevitable.

From the Publisher

"[The book] does a commendable job of combining environmental consciousness, a general awareness of New Urbanism's principles, and a detailed knowledge of how conventional approaches to development and regulation have failed, not only in the US but worldwide." New Urban News

The MIT Press

Setha Low

This book provides an excellent framework for analyzing the problems of contemporary planning and design, and why we are unable to build effective low-cost housing and have been forced to rely on private community development.

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