ISBN-10:
039397622X
ISBN-13:
9780393976229
Pub. Date:
03/28/2001
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Cognition / Edition 2

Cognition / Edition 2

by Daniel Reisberg

Paperback

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393976229
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 03/28/2001
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 608
Product dimensions: 8.18(w) x 9.54(h) x 1.11(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Part 1Foundations of Cognitive Psychology1
1The Science of the Mind3
The Psychology of the Ordinary4
A Brief History8
Research in Cognitive Psychology--An Example13
Chapter Summary20
2The Neural Basis for Cognition21
Capgras Syndrome: An Initial Example22
The Principal Structures of the Brain25
The Visual System35
Chapter Summary49
Part 2Learning about the World Around Us51
3Recognizing Objects in the World53
Visual Perception54
Object Recognition60
Word Recognition66
Feature Nets and Word Recognition70
Descendants of the Feature Net80
Different Objects, Different Recognition Systems?85
Top-down Influences on Object Recognition89
Chapter Summary91
4Paying Attention93
Selective Listening94
Perceiving and the Limits on Cognitive Capacity95
Divided Attention108
Practice116
Chapter Summary124
Part 3Memory127
5The Acquisition of Memories and the Working-Memory System131
The Route into Memory132
A Closer Look at Working Memory139
Entering Long-Term Storage: The Role of the Intent to Learn148
The Role of Meaning and Memory Connections153
Organizing and Memorizing154
The Study of "Memory Acquisition"160
Chapter Summary162
6Interconnections between Acquisition and Retrieval163
Retrieval Hints and Cues164
Encoding Specificity169
Different Forms of Memory Testing171
Implicit Memory175
Theoretical Treatments of Implicit Memory181
Amnesia189
Chapter Summary192
7Memory Errors, Memory Gaps195
Memory Errors: Some Initial Examples196
The Potential Sources of Memory Error196
Evaluating Human Memory210
Autobiographical Memory220
Chapter Summary228
Part 4Knowledge231
8Associative Theories of Long-Term Memory235
The Network Notion236
Evidence Favoring the Network Approach238
More Direct Tests of the Network Claims241
Retrieving Information from a Network248
Unpacking the Nodes252
Evaluating Network Models255
The Newest Chapter: Connectionism262
Chapter Summary269
9Concepts and Generic Knowledge271
Definitions: What Do We Know When We Know What a Dog Is?272
Prototypes and "Typicality" Effects274
Exemplars279
The Difficulties with Categorizing via Resemblance288
Concepts as "Implicit Theories"294
Chapter Summary298
10Language301
Phonology302
Words310
Syntax315
Sentence Parsing324
The Biology of Language331
Chapter Summary335
11Visual Knowledge337
Visual Imagery338
Long-Term Visual Memory357
The Diversity of Knowledge369
Chapter Summary370
Part 5Thinking373
12Judgment: Drawing Conclusions from Evidence377
Availability378
Representativeness383
Support Theory386
Detecting Covariation387
Base Rates393
Assessing the Damage398
Chapter Summary408
13Reasoning: Thinking through the Implications of What You Know411
Confirmation and Disconfirmation412
Logic415
Mental Models428
Decision-Making430
Chapter Summary445
14Solving Problems447
General Problem-Solving Methods448
Relying on Past Knowledge458
Defining the Problem468
Creativity475
Chapter Summary484
15Conscious Thought, Unconscious Thought487
The Cognitive Unconscious488
The Disadvantages of Unconscious Processing496
The Function of Consciousness498
Consciousness: What Is Left Unsaid501
Chapter Summary501
Glossary1
References15
Credits64
Index65

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