The Collected Speeches of Margaret Thatcher

The Collected Speeches of Margaret Thatcher

by Margaret Thatcher
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The Collected Speeches of Margaret Thatcher by Margaret Thatcher

By the time she stepped down in 1990, Margaret Thatcher had become one of her generation's outstanding political leaders, and perhaps the most powerful woman in the world. Possessing an iron will, she matched words with action in confronting the crises of the day in economic affairs, in the Falklands War, in Northern Ireland, in the great twilight struggle of the Cold War and finally in Europe. Under her leadership, Britain broke out of its decline and self-doubt to emerge once more as a major player on the international stage.

Margaret Thatcher put intense effort into her major speeches. As a result, they are uniquely revealing of how she developed that clear vision which would transform Britain and help shape international politics in the late 20th century. They begin with the speeches she made as part of her campaign to mold the ideas of the Conservative Party in Opposition. They continue with the famous addresses in which she expressed her convictions as prime minister and include recent lectures in which she gives her current, and controversial, thoughts about the world today.

This book of speeches is an essential companion volume to the two books of Margaret Thatcher's memoirs, as well as a masterly study of one of the great political figures of our time.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780060187347
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date: 01/07/1998
Pages: 688
Product dimensions: 6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.57(d)

About the Author

Born in 1925, Margaret Thatcher rose to become the first woman to lead a major Western democracy. She won three successive general elections and served as prime minister for more than eleven years, from 1979 to 1990, a record unmatched in the twentieth century.

Read an Excerpt

Chapter One

Address to the Conservative Political Centre,

Blackpool, 10 October 1968

The October 1968 Conservative Political Centre (CPC) Lecture was Mrs. Thatcher's first public foray into 'Conservatism'. It was made at an important time for her and for the Tog Party. Enoch Powell's speech on immigration that April' and his criticism of the collectivist economic management practised in the sixties by both Labour and Conservative administrations had produced much upheaval and some rethinking. Margaret Thatcher, though by October 1968 handling the Fuel and Power portfolio within the Shadow Cabinet, had cut her political teeth as Shadow Chancellor lain Macleod's deputy, with special responsibility for exposing the absurdities of Labour's prices and incomes policy. Both Powellite - what would later be called 'monetarist' - influence and Mrs Thatcher's personal experience of dissecting socialist economic regulation are evident in the Lecture. The underling issue, which she does not fully tackle, though, is whether the causes of inflation - and so by implication the cures for it - are manetary or can be ascribed to the 'wage push' of trade unions.In her memoirs, Lady Thatcher notes of the speech that it 'summed up how far my understanding of these matters had gone -and how far it still needed to go'. (II, p. 149)

What's Wrong With Politics?

Criticism of politics is no new thing. Literature abounds with it. In Shakespeare we find the comment of King I ear:

Delivered in Birmingham on 20 April 1968, the speech called for an end to New Commonwealth immigration andfor assisted voluntary repatriation. Tory Party Leader Edward Heath took exception to the language used and sacked Powell from the Shadow Cabinet.

The Collected Speeches of Margaret Thatcher

'Get thee glass eyes;
And, like a scurvy politician, seem
To see the things thou dost not.'

Richard Sheridan,' reputed to have made one of the greatest speeches the House of Commons has ever heard (it lasted five hours and forty minutes), commented that 'conscience has more to do with gallantry than it has with politics.' Anatole France' was perhaps the most scathing: 'I am not so devoid of all. talents as to occupy myself with politics.'Nor have political leaders escaped criticism:

Disraeli unites the maximum of Parliamentary cleverness with the minimum of statesmanlike capacity. No one ever dreams to have him lead. He belongs not to the bees but to the wasps and the butterflies of public fife. He can sting and sparkle but he cannot work. His place in the arena is marked and ticketed for ever.
This from the Controller of the Stationery Office, in 1853, quoted in The Statesman by Henry Taylor. There is no need to remind you how utterly wrong that judgement was.

There are even some things that have improved over the years. Bribery and corruption, which have now gone, used to be rampant. The votes of electors were purchased at a high price. The famous Lord Shaftesbury, when he was Lord Ashley, spent 15,600 on successfully winning Dorset in 1831- It is interesting to note that 12,000 Of this went to public houses and inns for the refreshment of the people. And this when gin was a penny a glass! Some forty years before, Lord Penrhyn spent 30,000 on his campaign - and then lost!

But we can't dismiss the present criticisms as easily as that. The dissatisfaction with politics runs too deep both here and abroad. People have come to doubt the future of the democratic system and its institutions. They distrust the politicians and have little faith in the future.

Why the Present Distrust?

Let us try to assess how and why we have reached this pass. What is the explanation? Broadly speaking, I think we have not yet assimilated many of the changes that have come about in the past thirty to forty years.

First, I don't think we realize sufficiently how new our present democratic system is. We still have comparatively little experience of the effect of the universal franchise, which didn't come until 1928. And the first election in this country which was fought on the principle of one person one vote was in 1950- So we are still in the early stages of dealing with the problems and opportunities presented by everyone having a vote.

Secondly, this and other factors have led to a different party political structure. There is now little room for independent Members, and the controversies which formerly took place outside the parties on a large number of measures now have to take place inside. There is, and has to be, room for a variety of opinions on certain topics within the broad general principles on which each party is based.

Thirdly, from the party structure has risen the detailed programme which is placed before the electorate. Return to power on such a prograrnme had led to a new doctrine that the party in power has a mandate to carry out everything in its manifesto. I myself doubt whether the voters really are endorsing each and every particular when they return a Government to power.

This modem practice of an election programme has, I believe, influenced the attitudes of some electors; all too often one is now asked, 'What are you going to do for me?', implying that the programme is a series of promises in return for votes. All this has led to a curious relationship between elector and elected. If the elector suspects the politician of making promises simply to get his vote, he despises him, but if the promises are not forthcoming he may reject him. I believe that...

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix(2)
Introduction xi
1 Address to the Conservative Political Centre, 10 October 1968
2 Article in the Daily Telegraph, 30 January 1975
3 Central Council, 15 March 1975
4 Chelsea Constituency Association, 26 July 1975
5 Party Conference, 10 October 1975
6 Kensington Town Hall, 19 January 1976
7 Zurich Economic Society, 14 March 1977
8 Iain Macleod Memorial Lecture, 4 July 1977
9 St Lawrence Jewry: 'I Believe', 30 March 1978
10 Party Conference, 13 October 1978
11 Statement on the Doorstep of 10 Downing Street, 4 May 1979
12 Party Conference, 12 October 1979
13 Party Conference, 10 October 1980
14 Second Address at St Lawrence Jewry, 4 March 1981
15 Extract from Central Council Speech, 28 March 1981
16 Party Conference, 16 October 1981
17 Falklands Debate, 3 April 1982
18 Falklands Debate, 14 April 1982
19 Falklands Statement, 26 April 1982
20 Falklands Debate, 29 April 1982
21 Falklands Debate, 20 May 1982
22 Falklands Statement, 14 June 1982
23 United Nations General Assembly, 23 June 1982
24 Party Conference, 8 October 1982
25 Party Conference, 12 October 1984
26 Second Carlton Lecture, 26 November 1984
27 Speech to US Congress, 20 February 1985
28 Libya Statement, 15 April 1986
29 Libya Debate, 16 April 1986
30 Party Conference, 10 October 1986
31 Central Council, 21 March 1987
32 Party Conference, 9 October 1987
33 Scottish Party Conference, 13 May 1988
34 General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 21 May 1988
35 Bruges Speech, 20 September 1988
36 Royal Society Dinner, 27 September 1988
37 Party Conference, 14 October 1988
38 Party Conference, 13 October 1989
39 United Nations General Assembly, 8 November 1989
40 Central Council, 31 March 1990
41 North Atlantic Council, Turnberry, 7 June 1990
42 Pankhurst Lecture to the 300 Group, 18 July 1990
43 Aspen Institute, 5 August 1990
44 Debate on the Gulf Crisis, 6 September 1990
45 Party Conference, 12 October 1990
46 Censure Debate, 22 November 1990
PART V AFTER DOWNING STREET (1990-96) 459(186)
47 Hoover Institution, 8 March 1991
48 Economic Club of New York, 18 June 1991
49 The First Clare Booth Luce Lecture, Heritage Foundation, 23 September 1991
50 Address to the Senate of the Polish Republic, 3 October 1991
51 Hague Speech, 15 May 1992
52 Speech in the House of Lords on 'The European Community: United Kingdom Presidency', 2 July 1992
53 CNN World Economic Development Congress, 19 September 1992
54 Speech to the Boyden Forum, Frankfurt, 25 November 1992
55 Keith Joseph Memorial Lecture, 11 January 1996
56 John Findley Green Foundation Lecture, Fulton, Missouri, 9 March 1996
57 New Atlantic Initiative, Prague, 11 May 1996
58 International Herald Tribune Conference, Beijing, 14 November 1996
59 Nicholas Ridley Memorial Lecture, 22 November 1996
Index 645

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5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Margaret Thatcher was truly a great speeker and these are truly great speeches. You do not have to be a fan of Margaret Thatcher to enjoy this collection. It will be a great inspiration to those who read it - highly recomendet !