College Physics, Volume 2 / Edition 10 available in Hardcover
The main objectives of this introductory physics book are twofold: to provide the student with a clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics, and to strengthen an understanding of the concepts and principles through a broad range of interesting applications to the real world. In order to meet these objectives, emphasis is placed on sound physical arguments and discussions of everyday experiences and observations. At the same time, we motivate the student through practical examples that demonstrate the role of physics in other disciplines. The sixth edition features new pedagogy in keeping with the findings in physics education research. The rich new pedagogy has been integrated within the framework of an established and reliable text, facilitating its use by instructors.The full COLLEGE PHYSICS text, which covers the standard topics in classical physics and 20th century physics, is divided into six parts. COLLEGE PHYSICS, VOLUME 2 covers three of those six parts, including electricity and magnetism (Part IV); properties of light and the field of geometric and wave optics (Part V); and an introduction to special relativity, quantum physics, and atomic and nuclear physics (Part VI).
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About the Author
Raymond A. Serway is Professor Emeritus at James Madison University. He earned his doctorate at Illinois Institute of Technology. Among his accolades, he received an honorary doctorate degree from his alma mater, Utica College, the 1990 Madison Scholar Award at James Madison University (where he taught for 17 years), the 1977 Distinguished Teaching Award at Clarkson University and the 1985 Alumni Achievement Award from Utica College. As a Guest Scientist at the IBM Research Laboratory in Zurich, Switzerland, Dr. Serway worked with K. Alex Müller, who shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics. He also was a visiting scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, where he collaborated with his mentor and friend, the late Sam Marshall. In addition to this text, Dr. Serway is the co-author of COLLEGE PHYSICS, Eleventh Edition; PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, Fifth Edition; ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE PHYSICS; MODERN PHYSICS, Third Edition; and the high school textbook PHYSICS, published by Holt McDougal. He has published more than 40 research papers in the field of condensed matter physics and has given more than 60 presentations at professional meetings.
Chris Vuille (PhD, University of Florida) is associate professor of physics at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, the world's premier institution for aviation higher education. While he has taught courses at all levels, including postgraduate, his primary interest is the teaching of introductory physics courses. He conducts research in general relativity, astrophysics, cosmology, and quantum theory and was a participant in a special three-year NASA grant program where he studied properties of neutron stars. His work has appeared in many scientific journals and in ANALOG SCIENCE FICTION/SCIENCE FACT magazine. He is the coauthor of COLLEGE PHYSICS, Eleventh Edition and ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE PHYSICS.
Table of ContentsPart IV: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
15.Electric Forces and Electric Fields. Properties of Electric Charges. Insulators and Conductors. Coulomb's Law. The Electric Field. Electric Field Lines. Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium. The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment. The Van de Graaff Generator. Electric Flux and Gauss's Law
16.Electrical Energy and Capacitance. Potential Difference and Electric Potential. Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges. Potentials and Charged Conductors. Equipotential Surfaces. Applications. Capacitance. The Parallel-Plate Capacitor. Combinations of Capacitors. Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor. Capacitors with Dielectrics
17.Current and Resistance. Electric Current. A Microscopic View: Current and Drift Speed. Current and Voltage Measurements in Circuits. Resistance and Ohm's Law. Resistivity. Temperature Variation of Resistance. Superconductors. Electrical Energy and Power. Electrical Activity in the Heart
18.Direct Current Circuits. Sources of emf. Resistors in Series. Resistors in Parallel. Kirchhoff's Rules and Complex DC Circuits. RC Circuits. Household Circuits. Electrical Safety. Conduction of Electrical Signals by Neurons
19.Magnetism. Magnets. Magnetic Field of the Earth. Magnetic Fields. Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor. Torque on a Current Loop and Electric Motors. Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field. Magnetic Field of a Long, Straight Wire and AmpFre's Law. Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors. Magnetic Field of a Current Loop. Magnetic Field of a Solenoid. Magnetic Domains
20.Induced Voltages and Inductance. Induced emf and Magnetic Flux. Faraday's Law of Induction. Motionalemf (Change of A with Time). Lenz's Law Revisited (The Minus Sign in Faraday's Law). Generators (Change in Omega theta with Time). Self-Inductance. RL Circuits. Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field
21.Alternating Current Circuits and Electromagnetic Waves. Resistors in an AC Circuit. Capacitors in an AC Circuit. Inductors in an AC Circuit. The RLC Series Circuit. Power in an AC Circuit. Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit. The Transformer. Maxwell's Predictions. Hertz's Confirmation of Maxwell's Predictions. Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna. Properties of Electromagnetic Waves. The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves. The Doppler Effect for Electromagnetic Waves. Part V: LIGHT AND OPTICS
22.Reflection and Refraction of Light. The Nature of Light. The Ray Approximation in Geometric Optics. Reflection and Refraction. The Law of Refraction. Dispersion and Prisms. The Rainbow. Huygens's Principle. Total Internal Reflection
23.Mirrors and Lenses. Flat Mirrors. Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors. Convex Mirrors and Sign Conventions. Images Formed by Refraction. Atmospheric Refraction. Thin Lenses. Lens Aberrations
24.Wave Optics. Conditions for Interference. Young's Double-Slit Interference. Change of Phase Due to Reflection. Interference in Thin Films. Using Interference to Read CD's and DVD's. Diffraction. Single-Slit Diffraction. The Diffraction Grating. Polarization of Light Waves
25.Optical Instruments. The Camera. The Eye. The Simple Magnifier. The Compound Microscope. The Telescope. Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures. The Michelson Interferometer. Part VI: MODERN PHYSICS
26.Relativity. Introduction. The Principle of Relativity. The Speed of Light. The Michelson-Morley Experiment. Einstein's Principle of Relativity. Consequences of Special Relativity. Relativistic Momentum. Relativistic Addition of Velocities. Relativistic Energy and the Equivalence of Mass and Energy. Pair Production and Annihilation. General Relativity
27.Quantum Physics. Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis. The Photoelectric Effect. Some Applications X-Rays. Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals. The Compton Effect. Photons and Electromagnetic Waves. The Wave Properties of Particles. The Wave Function. The Uncertainty Principle. The Scanning Tunneling Microscope. 28. Atomic Physics. Early Models of the Atom. Atomic Spectra. The Bohr Theory of Hydrogen. Modification of the Bohr Theory. De Broglie Waves and the Hydrogen Atom. Quantum Mechanics and the Hydrogen Atom. The Spin Magnetic Quantum Number. Electron Clouds. The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table. Characteristic X-Rays. Atomic Transitions. Lasers and Holography. Energy Bands in Solids. Semiconductor Devices. 29. Nuclear Physics. Some Properties of Nuclei. Binding Energy. Radioactivity. The Decay Processes. Natural Radioactivity. Nuclear Reactions. Medical Applications of Radiation. Radiation Detectors. 30. Nuclear Energy and Elementary Particles. Nuclear Fission. Nuclear Reactors. Nuclear Fusion. Elementary Particles. The Fundamental Forces in Nature. Positrons and Other Antiparticles. Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physics. Classification of Particles. Conservation Laws. Strange Particles and Strangeness. The Eightfold Way. Quarks. Colored Quarks. Electroweak Theory and the Standard Model. The Cosmic Connection. Problems and Perspectives.