Color Atlas of Skeletal Landmark Definitions: Guidelines for Reproducible Manual and Virtual Palpations

Color Atlas of Skeletal Landmark Definitions: Guidelines for Reproducible Manual and Virtual Palpations

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Elsevier Health Sciences
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Color Atlas of Skeletal Landmark Definitions: Guidelines for Reproducible Manual and Virtual Palpations

This book covers most skeletal landmarks that are palpable through manual palpation and virtual palpation (i.e., using 3D models generated from medical imaging). Each chapter focuses on a particular bone or segment and includes: a general anatomical presentation of the bone SL (using images showing real specimens and 3D bone models); very detailed descriptions of skeletal landmarks using manual palpation and virtual palpation. These definitions have been written in order to be reproducible. Each section includes detailed descriptions of all palpable skeletal landmarks for the current bone. Each landmark is described on one page. Also each landmark page is labelled by a unique acronym. The latter should be used for further data exchange and programming in order to guarantee that no redundant label exists.

• Full colour, over 500 full colour images
• Each bone is described in a separate section, making referencing easy
• Multidisciplinary approach

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780443103155
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date: 04/27/2007
Pages: 208
Product dimensions: 8.30(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents



1 Introduction

2 Skull

*External occipital protuberance (SOP) [M}
*Zygomatic arch (SZR) [R,L]
*Zygomatic angle (SZA)[R,L]
*Mastoid process (SMP)[R,L]
*Supraorbital notch (SSN)[R,L]
*Infraorbital foramen(SIF)[R,L]
*Lateral corner of orbit (SLC)[R,L]
*Lower edge of orbit (SLE)[R,L]
*Nasion (SNA)[M]
*GLabella (SGL)[M]
*Anterior nasal spine (SNS)[M]

3 Jaw

*Angle (JAN)[R,L]
*Mental protuberance(JMP)[M]
*Inferior crest (JIC)[M]

4 Spine

*Spinous process (CV2 to CV7, TV1 to TV12, LV1 to LV5)[M]

5 Sternum

*Jugular notch (SJN)[M]
*Clavicular surface (SCS)[R,L]
*Manubriosternal edge (SME)[M]
*Xiphisternal joint (SXS)[M]

6 Ribs

*Anterior aspect (RA2 to RA7)[R,L]
*Medial aspect (RM2 to RM7)[R,L]
*Lateral aspect (RL4 to RL10)[R,L]

7 Clavicle

*Acromioclavicular joint (CAJ)[R,L]
*Anterior concavity (CAA) [R,L]
*Anterior convexity (CAE)[R,L]
*Sternoclavicular joint (CSJ)[R,L]
*Anterior sternoclavicular joint (CAS)[R,L}

8 Scapula

*Inferior angle (SIA)[R,L]
*Root of spine (SRS)[R,L]
*Superior angle (SSA)[R,L]
*Acromial angle (SAA) [R,L]
*Acromial tip (SAT)[R,L]
*Acromial edge (SAE)[R,L]
*Coracoid tip (SCT) [R,L]
*Acromioclavicular joint (SAJ) [R,L]

9 Humerus

*Greater tubercle (HGT)[R,L]
*Lesser tubercle (HLT)[R,L]
*Deltoid tuberosity(HDT) [R,L]
*Medial epicondyle (HME, HMU, HML)[R,L]
*Lateral epicondyle (HLE)[R,L]

10 Ulna

*Olecranon (UOA, UOM, UOL)[R,L]
*Olecranon basis (UOB)[R,L]
*Coronoid process (UCP)[R,L]
*Dome (UHD)[R,L]
*Head (UHE)[R,L]
*Styloid process (USP)[R,L]
*Distal radioulnar joint (URU)[R,L]

11 Radius

*Head (RHE)[R,L]
*Styloid process (RSP)[R,L]
*Dorsal tubercle (RDT)[R,L]
*Dorsal edge of distal radio-ulnar joint (RDE)[R,L]
*Sigmoid notch (RSN)[R,L]

12 Hand

*Pisiformis (HPI)[R,L]
*Hamatum hook (HHH)[R,L]
*Navicular tubercle (HNT)[R,L]
*Basis (MBi)[R,L]
*Head (HLi, HMi)[R,L]
*Sesamoid bones (MSL, MSM)[R,L]
*Basis (Bpi, BCi, BDi)[R,L]
*Head (PLi, PMi, CLi, CMi, DLi, DMi)[R,L]

13 Sacral bone

*Spinous process of 2nd sacral vertebrae (SS2)[M]

14 Iliac bone

*Anterior superior iliac spine (IAS)[R,L]
*Posterior superior iliac spine (IPS)[R,l}
*Posterior inferior iliac spine (IPI)[R,L]
*Ischial tuberosity, inferior angle (IIT)[R,L]
*Pubic joint, anterior angle (IPJ)[M]
*Pubis spine (IPP)[R,L]
*Crest tubercle (ICT)[R,L]
*Centre of acetabulum (IAC)[R,L]

15 Femur

*Greater trochanter (FTc, FTa, FTp)[R,L]
*Tubercle of the adductor magnus muscle (FAM)[R,L]
*Medial epicondyle (FME)[R,L]
*Medial sulcus (FMS)[R,L]
*Lateral epicondyle (FLE, FUE, FBE) [R,L]
*Popliteal sulcus (FPS)[R,L]
*Antero-medial ridge of the patellar surface groove (FMG)[R,L]
*Antero-lateral ridge of the patellar surface groove (FLG) [R,L]
*Most distal point of the medial condyle (FMC)[R,L]
*Most distal point of the lateral condyle (FLC)[R,L]
*Center of head (FCH)[R,L]

16 Patella

*Apex (PAX)[R,L]
*Centre of medial edge (PME)[R,L]
*Centre of lateral edge (PLE)[R,L]
*Centre (PCE)[R,L]

17 Tibia

*Tibial tuberosity (TTC, TTM, TTL) [R,L]
*Medial ridge of tibial plateau (TMR)[R,L]
*Lateral ridge of tibial plateau (TLR)[R,L]
*Gerdy’s tubercle (TGT)[R,L]
*Apex of the medial malleolus (TAM)[R,L]

18 Fibula

*Apex of the styloid process (FAX)[R,L]
*Neck (FNE) [R,L]
*Apex of the lateral malleolus (FAL)[R,L]

19 Foot

*Posterior surface (FCC, FCM, FCL)[R,L]
*Sustentaculum tali (FST) [R,L]
*Tuberosity (FNT)[R, L]
*Greater apophysis (FGA)[R,L]
*Neck (FNK) [R, L]
*Head (FHE) [R, L]
*Peroneal trochlea (FPT) [R, L]
*Tuberosity of 5th metatarsal bone (FMT) [R, L]
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th head (FM1, FM2, FM3, FM4, FM5) [R, L]
*Basis (Bpi, BCi, BDi) [R, L]
*Head (PLi, PMi, CLi, CMi, DLi, DMi) [R, L]

20 Approximation of centroid and radius


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