Commercial Drone Law: Digest of U.S. and Global UAS Rules, Polices, and Practices
Commercial Drone Law: Digest of U.S. and Global UAS Rules, Polices, and Practices

Commercial Drone Law: Digest of U.S. and Global UAS Rules, Polices, and Practices

by Timothy M. Ravich (Editor)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781634258029
Publisher: American Bar Association
Publication date: 03/07/2018
Pages: 432
Product dimensions: 6.91(w) x 10.03(h) x 0.86(d)

About the Author

Timothy M. Ravich, Assistant Professor at the University of Central Florida, lives in Highland Park, Fl., and is an internationally recognized authority in aviation law and one of only 37 lawyers recognized as a Florida Bar Board Certified Aviation Lawyer. He earned his MBA in Aviation Policy and Planning from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, and as a Martindale-Hubbell AV-rated lawyer, he served as the inaugural general counsel for a multinational precision- agriculture drone company during its successful efforts to obtain one of the first Federal Aviation Administration “333” authorizations for commercial drone activity in the United States. The principal of Ravich Law Firm, PLLC, he is a Martindale-Hubbell AV-rated lawyer who regularly consults and represents drone owners, operators, and manufacturers in the United States and abroad.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii

Preface xv

Introduction xvii

About the Author xix

Chapter 1 Overview 1

Chapter 2 Terminology and Stakeholders 7

I Definitions 11

II Governmental Officials and Industry Stakeholders 21

A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) 21

B National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) 30

C National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 32

D Department of Justice (DOJ) 33

E Department of Interior (DOI) 33

F Private-Public Collaboration 34

Chapter 3 Model Aircraft 37

I National Model Aircraft Safety Code 37

II Advisory Circular (AC) 91-57 and 91-57A 41

III Enforcement and Scope of FAA's Authority: Huerta v. Pirker 46

IV FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012, Section 336 51

V Model Aircraft under 14 C.F.R. Part 107 53

Chapter 4 Airspace 59

I Sovereignty and Public Right of Transit 62

A Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) 64

B American Indian and Alaska Natives Airspace 67

C "No Drone Zone" and Special Flight Rules Area (SFRA) 69

II Judicial Approaches to Airspace Rights: Trespass, Privacy, and Surveillance 71

III Part 107: Limitations on Operations of sUAS in Certain Airspace 77

A Operations in Class B, C, D, and Lateral Surface Area of Class E Airspace Designated for an Airport 78

B Operations in Class A Airspace 81

C Operations in Prohibited or Restricted Areas, NOTAMs 81

D Operations in Class G Airspace 83

E Airports 85

F Air Quality 85

G Noise 86

H Wildlife 88

Chapter 5 FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 91

I Interim Operational Approval Guidance: AFS-400, UAS Policy 05-01 93

II FAA UAS Test Sites 94

III 14 C.F.R. Part 107 and Test Sites 97

IV FAA Pathfinder Focus Area 100

V UAS in the Arctic 101

VI Micro UAS Aviation Rulemaking Committee (ARC) 101

VII Federal Law Initiatives and FAA Reauthorization (2016) 106

Chapter 6 Authority to Fly 109

I Public and Civil Aircraft Operations 113

A Public Aircraft 113

B Civil Aircraft 115

C Model Aircraft (Hobbyist) 116

D Operation of Public and Civil UAS 117

E Public Drone Operations under 14 C.F.R. Part 107 119

F Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA) and UAS 119

II Certificate of Waiver or Authorization (COA) 121

A Application Processing 122

B Air Traffic Responsibilities 123

C Airports: Letters of Agreement (LOA) with ATC Facilities 124

D Emergency and Urgent Applications 124

III Section 333 125

A Summary and "Blanket" 333 Grant Procedure 127

B Motion Picture and Television Filming 129

IV Grandfather and Waiver Provisions tinder 14 C.F.R. Part 107 129

Chapter 7 Airworthiness 135

I Airworthiness Certificates: Standard and Special 135

A Primary 136

B Restricted 136

C Multiple 137

D Limited 137

E Light-Sport Aircraft 137

F Special Flight Permit 138

G Provisional 138

H Experimental 138

II Airworthiness for Public UAS 139

III Airworthiness for Civil UAVs-Designated Airworthiness Representatives (DAR-F) 140

IV Airworthiness for Small Civil UAS: 14 C.F.R. Part 107 142

V Order 8130.34C: Special Airworthiness Certification and Special Flight Permits for UAS 144

A Flight Test and Operating Area 144

B Program Letter 146

C Safety Checklist 149

VI Small Civil UAS: Maintenance and Inspection under 14 C.F.R. Part 107 164

Chapter 8 Registration 167

I Overview, 14 C.F.R. Part 47 168

II Public UAS Registration 169

III Registration for Macro UAS and Optionally Piloted Aircraft (OPA) 169

IV Small UAS Registration Rule and 14. C.F.R Part 107 170

V Registering a New Small UAS under 14 C.F.R. Part 47 172

A Aircraft Registration Application, AC Form 8050-1 172

B Notarized Affidavit of Ownership 174

C Confirmation of U.S. Registration 176

D N-Number 176

E Registration of a Used sUAS under 14 C.F.R. Part 47 176

VI Sale of U.S.-Registered sUAV or UAV 177

Chapter 9 Commercial UAS and Part 107 179

I Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Micro UAS Rules 180

II An Incremental Approach: 14 C.F.R. Part 107 (2016) 184

III Remote Pilot in Command 188

A Eligibility 190

B Operator Certificate with an sUAS Rating, Required 191

C Drugs and Alcohol: Prohibition 196

D Medical Condition 198

E Knowledge Tests 200

Sample Aeronautical Test 204

IV Operating Rules 213

A Air Carrier Operations-Transporting Property for Compensation 214

B Safety 217

C See-and-Avoid and Visibility Requirements 223

D Flight Dynamics and Limitations 232

E Airspace Restrictions 241

F Emergency Powers 241

V Part 107 Certificate of Waiver 244

VI Practical Applications 246

A Agricultural Operations 246

B Education 247

C First Amendment 248

D National Security 253

E Privacy 255

Chapter 10 State UAS Review 259

Alabama 260

Alaska 261

Arizona 264

Arkansas 266

California 268

Colorado 269

Connecticut 270

Delaware 271

Florida 273

Georgia 277

Hawaii 277

Idaho 277

Illinois 278

Indiana 282

Iowa 283

Kansas 283

Kentucky 284

Louisiana 284

Maine 288

Maryland 289

Massachusetts 290

Michigan 290

Minnesota 291

Mississippi 291

Missouri 292

Montana 292

Nebraska 292

Nevada 293

Operations-Law Enforcement and Public Agencies 293

Airports and Critical Facilities 295

Trespass 296

Weaponization 297

New Hampshire 297

New Jersey 297

New Mexico 297

New York 298

North Carolina 298

Training Requirements 298

Criminal Law and Law Enforcement Use of UAS 300

Surveillance and Imaging Technology 301

Private Property and UAS 302

Wildlife and UAS 303

North Dakota 303

Law Enforcement and Surveillance 305

Ohio 307

Oklahoma 307

Oregon 309

Law Enforcement UAS 310

Public Body, Private, and Commercial UAS 310

Weaponized UAS and Reckless Interference with Aircraft 311

Environment, Wildlife, and UAS 312

UAS Flight Near Critical Infrastructure Facilities 312

Invasion of Personal Privacy and Trespass to Property 313

Pennsylvania 314

Rhode Island 314

South Carolina 314

South Dakota 314

Tennessee 315

Criminal Trespass, Surveillance, and Privacy 315

Freedom from Unwarranted Surveillance Act 317

UAS Flight Near Critical Infrastructure Facilities 318

UAS Hunting and Wildlife 319

Texas 319

UAS Operations: Capturing Images and Flight Near Critical Infrastructure 320

Private Right of Action 323

Law Enforcement UAS 323

Utah 324

Government UAS Use 325

Vermont 327

Weaponization 328

Law Enforcement UAS 328

Virginia 329

Law Enforcement Use of UAS 330

Weaponized UAS 331

Washington 331

West Virginia 331

Wisconsin 332

Wyoming 333

Chapter 11 World UAS Survey 335

I International Operations and Foreign-Owned Aircraft: 14 C.F.R. Part 107 335

II Global Review 338

A Africa 338

B Asia and the South Pacific 342

C Europe 357

D Middle East 371

E Latin, North, and South America (Excluding United States) 377

Table of Authorities 385

Index 395

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