Community and the Social Worker

Community and the Social Worker

by Phillip Dr. Fellin

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780875813202
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 02/01/1987
Pages: 300

Table of Contents

1.The Societal Context of Communities1
The Global Community2
Defining Society4
Cultural Perspectives on Society6
Culture as Values7
Social Processes and American Identity8
The Future of American Culture11
Mass Culture and Mass Society12
Civil Society14
Social Order and Social Control in American Society16
Maintenance of Social Order18
Social and Economic Justice in Society19
Social Movements and Social Justice20
American Society as a Social System22
American Society as an Ecological System24
Chapter 1 Review28
2.American Society as a Welfare State30
Sectors of the Welfare State31
Governmental Welfare Sector33
Health Care System37
Private and Corporate Welfare Sectors39
Social Development and the Welfare State39
Theories of the Welfare State40
The Future Welfare State41
Welfare Reform and Social Justice44
Welfare Capitalism45
Chapter 2 Review47
3.Defining Communities49
Locality-Based Communities51
Planned Communities52
Communities of Identification and Interest56
Multiple Identities and Community Affiliations57
Examples of Identificational Communities58
Chapter 3 Review69
4.Community Competence and Systems Perspectives70
Barriers to Community Competence72
Systems Perspectives: An Overview77
Community as a Social System82
Application of a Social Systems Perspective84
Community as an "Ecology of Games"86
Chapter 4 Review87
5.Demographic Development of Communities89
Population Size90
Density in Communities92
Diversity in Communities93
Phases of Urbanization97
Edge Cities99
Urban Sprawl101
Rural Areas and Urbanization103
Human Capital and Rural Communities104
Demographic Changes in the Inner City106
Changes in Residential Segregation in Metropolitan Areas109
Gentrification110
Chapter 5 Review112
6.Stratification by Social Class113
The Meaning of Social Class114
Occupation, Income, and Education115
Lifestyle116
Social Classes as Communities of Identification119
The Underclass120
Social Mobility121
Social Class and Ethnic Minority Groups121
Chapter 6 Review126
7.Neighborhood Communities128
Neighborhood Boundaries and Social Mapping129
Neighborhood Appearance132
Neighborhood as Primary Group133
Neighborhood Functions135
Neighborhood Types137
Model 1Social Identity, Social Interaction, and Linkages137
Model 2Organizational and Value Dimensions140
Model 3Population and Organizational Factors141
Model 4Economic Level, Mobility, Segregation142
Neighborhoods as Enclaves144
Slum and Ghetto Neighborhoods145
Chapter 7 Review148
8.Social Class and Ethnic/Cultural Neighborhoods149
Social Class Neighborhoods150
Diversity in Social Class Neighborhoods152
Change in Social Status of Neighborhoods153
Ethnic Neighborhoods154
Spatial and Sociopsychological Communities156
Segregation in Neighborhoods158
White Flight159
Succession160
Creation and Maintenance of Residential Integration163
Examples of Diverse Neighborhoods165
Establishing Integration Objectives167
Settlement of New Immigrants168
Gay Community Neighborhoods171
Chapter 8 Review173
9.Community Social Welfare and Health Care Systems174
Service Sectors175
Human Service Organizations176
Self-Help and Support Organizations180
Private Practice of Social Work183
Community Organization--Environment Relationship183
Fields of Service185
Trends in Community Social Services and Health Care Systems188
Ethnicity and the Social Services System193
Health Care196
Trends in the Health Care System199
Chapter 9 Review204
10.The Community Educational System205
The Role of State and Federal Governments206
Structure of Public Education at the Community Level211
Health and Related Services214
Sex Education215
Sexual Harassment216
School Violence216
School-Community Relations218
Relationships to the Economic System220
Parent Involvement Approaches221
Desegregation of Schools222
Church-State Issues224
Financing of Public Education227
Schools as Communities231
Home Schooling232
School Reform234
School Choice Programs236
Multiculturalism as Curriculum Reform239
Social Work in the Schools241
Chapter 10 Review244
11.Community Economic System245
Economic System as a Set of Workplaces246
Equal Employment Opportunities247
Diversity in the Workplace249
Sexual Orientation and Workplace Discrimination251
Career Tracks253
Americans with Disabilities Act256
Ergonomics and the Workplace258
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace259
Family Support Programs262
Problems in Community Economic Systems264
Enterprise Zones/Empowerment Zones266
The Role of Banks in the Revitalization of Neighborhoods268
Welfare as a Part of the Economic System271
The Economy of the Ghetto272
The Working Poor and Minimum Wages274
Community Context for Welfare, Ghetto, and Working Poor276
Effects of Economic Conditions on the Middle Class277
Immigration and the Economy278
Chapter 11 Review281
12.Community Political System283
The Structure of a Community Political System284
Citizen Participation in Local Government287
Creation of Political Districts288
Community Power Perspectives289
Community Power from an Organizational Perspective292
Examples of Community Empowerment293
Criminal and Juvenile Justice System298
Community Government Responses to Crime303
Security in Schools306
Gun Control306
Native Americans and Violent Crime307
Chapter 12 Review308
13.Community Conflict309
The Process of Community Conflict310
Positive Functions of Community Conflict311
Community Conflicts and the Community System312
Community-Based Treatment Centers312
Urban Redevelopment315
Keeping Out the Homeless316
Controversies Over Adult Entertainment316
Conflict Over Art and Graffiti317
Conflicts Over Marches/Rallies317
Controversies Over Barricades318
Community Associations and Residents319
Local Governments and Religion-Based Communities320
Local Governments and Immigrants320
Chapter 13 Review321
14.Social Integration in Communities322
Social Networks323
Voluntary Associations and Social Integration324
Religion and Community Integration325
Mass Society, Residence, and Social Integration327
Obvious and Less Obvious Sources of Integration328
Business and Entertainment Neighborhoods332
Sports Teams and Community Attachment333
Reintegration into Communities334
Social Integration and the Unemployed335
Social Integration Among the Homeless336
Social Integration of New Immigrants338
Chapter 14 Review339
15.Communities and Social Work Practice341
The Societal Context of Communities342
American Society as a Welfare State344
Defining Communities and Community Competence345
Systems Perspectives for Understanding Communities347
Demographic Development of Communities348
Stratification by Social Class349
Neighborhood Communities350
Social Class and Ethnic/Cultural Communities351
Community Social Welfare and Health Care Systems351
Community Educational System352
The Community Economic System354
The Community Political System354
Community Conflict and Community Integration355
References357
Index384

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