Community Planning: Integrating social and physical environments / Edition 1 available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
This key planning textbook on designing healthy and sustainablecommunities informs planners about community life and the processesof planning and equips them with the essential knowledge and skillsthey need to organise change and improve the quality of urbanliving.
The author examines the impacts of social and economic change oncommunity life and organization and explores ways in which thesechanges can be planned and managed. Community planning is presentedas a means to balance and integrate beneficial change with themaintenance of valued cultural traditions and life styles. Thisinvolves bringing together fields of study and practice includingurban and regional planning, design, communication, housing,community organization, employment, transport, andgovernance. Links drawn between personal values, humanactivities, physical spaces and societal governance assist thisprocess of synthesis.
Establishing a common vocabulary to discuss planning - for urbanand regional planners, including health planners; and open spaceplanners - enables both students and practitioners to work witheach other and with those for whom they provide services to createstronger, healthier and more sustainable communities.
The aims and roles of community planning are explored and thekey planning operations are explained, including the phases andapplications of community planning method; the planning andlocation of community facilities; the roles of design in shapingresponsive community spaces; and the capacity of different types ofcommunity governance to improve the relations between citizens andsocieties.
The book is organized into two main parts: after the first threechapters have established the interests and scope of communityplanning, the next six each moves from an account of issues andtheoretical concerns, through a review of case studies, tosummaries of leading practice. This positive approach is intendedto encourage readers to develop their own capacities for effectiveparticipation and action. The concluding chapter draws together thecontributions of preceding ones to demonstrate the integrity of thecommunity planning process
Supplementary website: www.wiley.com/go/heywood
|Product dimensions:||7.40(w) x 9.60(h) x 0.80(d)|
About the Author
He has been head of planning schools in UK and Australia, and iscurrently Associate Professor of Urban and Regional Planning atQueensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
Table of ContentsPreface.
1 The Nature and Planning of Community Life.
Part One: Social and Economic Changes.
The current cascade of change.
Part Two: Community Life and Change.
Contemporary challenges to community life.
Part Three: Competing Interpretations of Community Structureand Change.
Order: genetically driven dominance.
Productivity and exchange: through market competition.
Control through transcendence of conflict: equality throughstruggle.
Collaboration: through negotiation, adjustment and mutualaid.
Part Four: The Roles of Cooperation.
Cooperation in practice.
2 The Spirit and Characteristics of CommunityPlanning.
Part One: Themes.
Participation and exclusion.
The signifi cance of participatory theories.
Part Two: Applications.
Necessary conditions for effective community consultation.
The role and themes of consultation.
Methods of consultation.
Conclusion: relations of community planning with communityaction, community development and community organisation.
3 Local Communities of Place and Contact.
Social and organisational characteristics of localcommunities.
The physical forms of communities.
The planning of places.
Community participation and governance.
Conclusion: the durability of local communities of place andcontact.
4 Communities of Interest and Interaction.
Regional interest communities.
Supranational political communities.
The many levels of community planning.
Conclusion: mixed scanning for integrated communityplanning.
5 Human Values and Community Goals.
The value of prosperity.
The value of liberty.
The values of social justice.
Values for sustainable communities.
Relations among the four community values.
Conclusions: how values can combine to help solve problems andshape creative plans.
6 Communities of Method.
Art and creativity in planning.
Science, knowledge and planning method.
Planning as a craft.
Political control and community participation.
Conclusions: values as the basis for communities of method.
7 Activities and their Analysis.
The links between activity systems and values.
The uses of models of activities.
The role of systems theory within the planning process.
Activity systems analysis in practice.
Conclusions: the roles of activity systems in communityplanning.
Appendix 1 Household demand and housing land supply statistics,Greater Brisbane 1996–2016.
Appendix 2 Employment Projections: Brisbane StatisticalDivision.
8 People, Homes and Communities.
Demographic challenges in meeting global and local housingneeds.
Technological responses and impacts.
Roads, wheels, wagons and motor vehicles.
Costs, means and access to provision and fi nance ofhousing.
Balancing demand and supply for shelter.
Conclusions: the contributions of shelter to community life.
9 Facets of Community.
Justifi cations for community intervention.
The planning and organisation of work.
The place of learning in community life.
The planning and delivery of health services.
Conclusion: the many facets of community.
10 Places, Spaces and Community Design.
Places and their properties.
Communal and collective spaces and places.
The language of design and the vocabulary of space andplace.
Place-making: designing to make life.
Models of urban form.
Conclusion: bringing places to life.
11 Community Governance and Participation.
Governance, government and community participation.
Issues of freedom and order.
The roles of negotiation and partnership.
The development and evaluation of policies and proposals.
Roles and responsibilities in governance and participation.
Scales of community and their roles of governance andcontrol.
Conclusions: the contributions of participation and governanceto community life.
12 Conclusions: Community Planning Today andTomorrow.
The elements of community planning.
Themes, roles and future directions.
The future of community planning.
A colour plate section.
What People are Saying About This
"So this is a good time to distil key messages from experiences with community planning, and an international perspective can help. Phil Heywood's new book "Community Planning: Integrating Social and Physical Environments" is a good place to start. It includes a compelling case study of the practice of design-led local community involvement in Northern Queensland." (Cliff Hague World View, 1 August 2011)