Comparative, International, and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice / Edition 1

Comparative, International, and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice / Edition 1

ISBN-10:
1483332381
ISBN-13:
9781483332383
Pub. Date:
10/30/2015
Publisher:
SAGE Publications

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Overview

Comparative, International, and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice / Edition 1

Comparative, International and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice presents and critically assesses a wide range of topics relevant to criminology, criminal justice and global justice. The text is divided into three parts: comparative criminal justice, international criminology, and transnational and global criminology. Within each field are located specific topics which the authors regard as contemporary and highly relevant and that will assist students in gaining a fuller appreciation of global justice issues. Authors Cyndi Banks and James Baker address these complex global issues using a scholarly but accessible approach, often using detailed case studies. The discussion of each topic is a comprehensive contextualized account that explains the social context in which law and crime exist and engages with questions of explanation or interpretation.

The authors challenge students to gain knowledge of international and comparative criminal justice issues and think about them in a critical manner. It has become difficult to ignore the global and international dimensions of criminal justice and criminology and this text aims to enhance criminal justice education by focusing on some of the issues engaging criminology worldwide, and to prepare students for a future where fields of study like transnational crime are unexceptional.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781483332383
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 10/30/2015
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 592
Sales rank: 100,237
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Cyndi Banks is Associate Vice President of Student Success at Capilano University in Canada. She spent 16 years as a professor of criminology and criminal justice and Dean of University College at Northern Arizona University. She has more than 24 years’ experience of research and project implementation in developing countries in the fields of juvenile justice, probation, justice policy, and child rights. She has worked as a criminologist in Papua New Guinea, Bangladesh, Iraq, Kurdistan, Timor Leste, Sudan, and Myanmar. She is the author of numerous articles and books, including Criminal Justice Ethics; Youth, Crime and Justice; Developing Cultural Criminology: Theory and Practice in Papua New Guinea; Alaska Native Juveniles in Detention; Comparative, International, and Global Justice: Perspectives From Criminology and Criminal Justice; and most recently, Prisons in the United States.


James Baker is a British lawyer now resident in the United States. He holds an LL.M. from London University with a specialization in law and development and has 30 years of experience working as a lawyer and researching rule of law and access to justice issues in Papua New Guinea, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Iraq, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Fiji, and Timor Leste.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Terminology
Why Study Global Justice Issues?
Globalization
New International Crimes
Overview of the Text
CHAPTER 2: COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE: COMPARING CRIME ACROSS COUNTRIES
Comparing Criminal Justice: Methodological Issues
International Crime Data
Countries with Low Crime Rates: Japan and Saudi Arabia
What can be Learned from Comparing International Data?
How does the U.S Compare Internationally?
CHAPTER 3: SYSTEMS OF LAW: COMMON LAW, CIVIL LAW, SOCIALIST LAW, ISLAMIC LAW, INDIGENOUS LAW
Common Law Systems
Civil Law Systems
The Role of Revolution and Governance in Shaping Law
Socialist Legal Systems
Islamic Law Systems
Indigenous Legal Systems
CHAPTER 4: POLICING
Organizing Policing
Civilian and Military Policing Models
Colonial Policing
Democratic Policing
Case Studies of Policing: Russia and China
Policing in Russia
Policing in the People’s Republic of China
Transnational Policing and International Cooperation on Policing
Policing Through Global Surveillance and the Management of Risk
CHAPTER 5: COURTS AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Adversarial, Inquisitorial and Hybrid Systems of Criminal Justice
Inquisitorial Procedure in France
Reforming the Inquisitorial Model: Latin America
Reforming the Inquisitorial Model: Russia and Eastern Europe
Criminal Law and Procedure in China
Prosecutors and the Prosecution Function
CHAPTER 6: PUNISHMENT
The Rationale for Punishment
Punitive Punishment
Capital Punishment
Comparing Punishments
Punishment in the West: Social, Historical and Cultural Background
Colonial Punishment Regimes
Criminal Punishment in Japan
Criminal Punishment in China
CHAPTER 7: JUVENILE JUSTICE
Childhood, Criminal Responsibility and Juvenile Justice Systems
Juvenile Justice Systems: Commonalities and Trends
Juvenile Justice Systems: France, Japan and China
France
Japan
People’s Republic of China
Globalizing Juvenile Justice
Systems
CHAPTER 8: TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE: JUSTICE, FORGIVENESS AND IMPUNITY
International Crimes: Governments, Citizens and Violence
The Origins and Growth of Transitional Justice
Theorizing Transitional Justice
Amnesty and Impunity, or Punishment?
Seeking and Telling the Truth: Truth Commissions
Reparations: Compensating for Abuses
Lustration and Transforming State Security
Case Studies in Transitional Justice: East Timor and Rwanda
East Timor
Rwanda
Observations and Critiques: Transitional Justice
CHAPTER 9: THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT
International Criminal Law
Creation of the International Criminal Court
Statute of the International Criminal Court
U.S. Opposition to the International Criminal Court
Countering the ICC: U.S. Responses
Changes in U.S Attitude to the ICC
The International Criminal Court in Action
Sudan and the ICC
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the ICC
The Prosecutor and the Office of the Prosecutor
The International Criminal Court and Transitional Justice
Victims and the International Criminal Court
How Effective is the International Criminal Court?
CHAPTER 10: TRANSNATIONAL CRIME
Definitions and Explanations of the Concept of Transnational Crime
The Growth of Transnational Crime
Drug Trafficking
Arms Trafficking
Smuggling of Nuclear Materials
Money Laundering
Trading in Endangered Species
Terrorism Financing
Transnational Cybercrime
Combating Transnational Crime
Critiques of the Concept of Transnational Crime
CHAPTER 11: HUMAN TRAFFICKING ACROSS BORDERS
The International Legal Framework Prohibiting Human Trafficking and Providing for Victims of Trafficking
“White Slavery”
Sex Trafficking
What Accounts for Human Trafficking?
Scale of Human Trafficking
Trafficking as a Transnational Criminal Enterprise
Recruitment and Transportation of Trafficking Victims
Obtaining Residence in the Receiving Country
Controlling Victims of Trafficking
Labor Trafficking
Sex Tourism
Organ Trafficking
Trafficking of Minors
Regional Trafficking: Asia
Regional Trafficking: Eurasia and Eastern Europe
Regional Trafficking: Europe
Regional Trafficking: United States
Regional Trafficking: Latin America and Africa
Countering Human Trafficking
CHAPTER 12: TERRORISM
Explanations and Definitions of Terrorism
Guerrilla Warfare and Terrorism
State Terrorism
The Evolution of Terrorism
Religion, Violence and Terrorism
International Law and Terrorism
Counterterrorist Responses: United States, Germany and India
United States
Germany
India
Terrorist Groups
Hamas
Boko Haram
CHAPTER 13: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence: Definitions and Explanations
Violence Against Women: International Action
Women’s Rights as Human Rights
National Strategies to Combat Violence Against Women
Dissemination and Diffusion of Global Norms on Violence Against Women
Country Profiles: Domestic Violence
Russian Federation
Nicaragua
Ghana
Violence Against Women: Honor Crimes
Violence Against Women: Armed Conflict
CHAPTER 14: HUMAN RIGHTS AND CULTURAL RELATIVISM: FEMALE CIRCUMCISION AND CHILD SOLDIERS
Female Circumcision
The Cultural and Social Context of Female Circumcision
Cultural Relativism and Female Circumcision
Claims for Asylum Based on the Practice of Female Circumcision
Changing the Practice of Female Circumcision: What Works?
Child Soldiers
Modern Forms of Warfare and Child Soldiers
Questioning Childhood
Girl Soldiers
Coercion, Agency and Victims
Internationalizing the Child Soldier: Victim and Perpetrator?
Reintegrating and Restoring the Child Soldier

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