Castles (political science, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National U.) offers a systematic account of the growth of government and the emergence of the modern welfare state, based on analysis of data covering some 30 years for 21 nations and 12 policy areas. The study examines the ways in which the role of the state has affected labor markets and such personal issues as home ownership, fertility, and divorce. In addition, it addresses such issues as why the trajectory of policy transformation has varied from country to country and throughout time throughout the Western nations. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.