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Cengage Learning
Competing Visions: A History of California / Edition 2

Competing Visions: A History of California / Edition 2

by Robert ChernyRobert Cherny
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Competing Visions: A History of California uses the stories of the people of California to create a chronological narrative from the geological formation of its landscape to the watershed 2003 recall election. In 13 concise chapters, Competing Visions incorporates the social, environmental, political, cultural, and economic diversity of the state into a coherent chronological narrative. Each chapter begins with a brief biography of a person who reflects the major issues and trends of that era and all of the people who have shaped California are given a voice through three themes woven into the text. California within a regional, national, and international context. California's location, geography, and environment have internally shaped its history while simultaneously inviting unique outside influences beginning with the complex trade networks of its first peoples to its current role in the Pacific Rim economy. California's cultural richness and diversity. From the first human civilizations in California, it has been a land filled with a range of cultures, languages, and traditions. The variety of groups that have shaped California history are all given voices in this text, and the influences Asian-Americans, Mexican-Americans, African-Americans, Native Americans, and women are reflected as agents of change. Competing visions of California. California history has been marked by epic struggles over the geographic and political, landscape. The text uses these competing visions to illustrate how the "California Dream" has meant something unique to all those who have pursued it.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901133943623
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 01/01/2013
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 528
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Robert W. Cherny received his BA from the University of Nebraska and his MA and PhD from Columbia University. He is professor of history at San Francisco State University. His books include COMPETING VISIONS: A HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA (with Richard Griswold del Castillo, 2005); AMERICAN POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE, 1868-1900 (1997); SAN FRANCISCO, 1865-1932: POLITICS, POWER, AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (with William Issel, 1986); A RIGHTEOUS CAUSE: THE LIFE OF WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN (1985, 1994); and POPULISM, PROGRESSIVISM, AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF NEBRASKA POLITICS, 1885-1915 (1981). He is coeditor of AMERICAN LABOR AND THE COLD WAR: UNIONS, POLITICS, AND POSTWAR POLITICAL CULTURE (with William Issel and Keiran Taylor, 2004). His articles on politics and labor in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries have appeared in journals, anthologies, and historical dictionaries and encyclopedias. In 2000, he and Ellen Du Bois coedited a special issue of the "Pacific Historical Review" that surveyed women's suffrage movements in nine locations around the Pacific Rim. He has been an NEH Fellow, Distinguished Fulbright Lecturer at Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russia), and Visiting Research Scholar at the University of Melbourne (Australia). He has served as president of H-Net (an association of more than 100 electronic networks for scholars in the humanities and social sciences), the Society for Historians of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, and the Southwest Labor Studies Association; as treasurer of the Organization of American Historians; and as a member of the council of the American Historical Association, Pacific Coast Branch.

Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo is a professor of history at St. Mary's College and the author of DAUGHTERS OF AQUARIUS: WOMEN OF THE SIXTIES COUNTER CULTURE (2009). Her research interests include black migration, feminist theory, race relations and ethnicity, and urban poverty. She received her Ph.D. from Duke University in 1993.

Richard Griswold del Castillo is professor emeritus of Chicana and Chicano Studies at San Diego State University. His recent books include CESAR CHAVEZ: A TRIUMPH OF SPIRIT (1997), THE TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALGO: A LEGACY OF CONFLICT (1992), and NORTH TO AZTLAN: A HISTORY OF MEXICAN AMERICANS IN THE UNITED STATES (with Arnoldo De Leon, 2006).

Table of Contents

Preface     xii
California's Origins: The Land and the People, Before Spanish Settlement     1
Diversity: Origins of California and Its Native Peoples     3
Cycles of Life: The Food Quest, Spirituality, and Rituals     9
The Food Quest     9
Spirituality     13
Rituals     15
A Closer Look: Six Regional Peoples     18
The Gabrielino/Tongva     18
The Chumash     20
The Costanoans     21
The Miwoks and Yokuts     23
The Shastans     24
Significance: The Importance of California Natives and Other North American Native Peoples in Non-Indian History     25
Summary     27
The Spanish Colonization of California, 1769-1821     29
The Spanish Conquest and Empire     32
Spain's Exploration of the Californias     33
Early Maritime Exploration and Encounters     35
The First California Colony     37
Demographic and Ethnic Growth of California     38
The Missions     40
Neophyte Resistance     43
Evaluation of the California Missions     45
Establishing Presidios and Pueblos     47
Gender Relations in SpanishCalifornia     50
Spanish Californian Culture     52
Political Developments in Spanish California     53
The Wars of Independence in New Spain     55
Foreign Interest in Spanish California     56
The Importance of the Spanish Era in California     58
Mexican California, 1821-1846     61
A New Political Order     64
Early Self-Government: Sola and Arguello     64
The Governorship of Jose Maria Echeandia     65
Rebellion Against Centralism: Governor Victoria     66
Secularization of the Missions: Jose Figueroa     69
Rebellion, Revolution, and Home Rule     70
Micheltorena and the Catesby Jones Affair     73
The Rise of the Ranchos     75
Environmental Changes     77
Social Relations in Mexican California     78
The Growth of Town Governments     78
Californianas: Mexican Californian Women     79
Mexican-Indian Relations     82
Immigrants and Foreigners     83
California and the World     89
Summary     90
War, Conquest, and Gold: The American Era Begins, 1845-1855     92
The War Between the United States and Mexico      95
Manifest Destiny     96
Fremont and the Bear Flaggers     97
Occupation and Resistance     99
California Indians and the War     102
Peace     103
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo     104
The Divided Mind of the Californios     105
The Gold Rush     105
Gold! The Discovery of 1848     106
The Argonauts     108
Camp Life     113
Nativism and Racism     115
The Legendary Life of Joaquin Murrieta     117
California Transformed     118
Conquest of the Californios     118
Conquest of the Indians     118
Economic Transformation     119
The Golden State     119
A New Direction     122
California and the Crisis of the Union, 1850-1870     124
Crisis and Conflict in the 1850s     127
The Compromise of 1850     127
San Francisco's Crisis of Political Legitimacy: Vigilantism in the 1850s     128
Violence and Displacement: California Indians in the 1850s     131
The Politics of Land and Culture     133
Californians and the Crisis of the Union     136
Fighting Slavery in California      136
Sectional Issues and California Politics     138
California and Civil War     140
Reconstruction and New Understandings of Citizenship     142
Economic Growth in a Time of National Crisis     142
The Transformation of Mining     142
Economic Diversification     144
Transportation     145
Tying Together the Union with Iron     146
New Social and Cultural Patterns     149
Gender Roles and New Social Institutions     149
The Growth of Religious Toleration     152
Writing the Gold Rush     154
Summary     156
California in the Gilded Age, 1870-1900     159
The Economic Transformation of California and the West     162
Railroad Expansion     162
Mining and Finance     165
Agriculture     167
Water     169
Rise of Organized Labor     170
San Francisco: Metropolis of the West     172
New Social Patterns     174
Education     174
Changing Gender Roles     175
California Indians     177
Changing Patterns of Ethnicity     178
Politics      182
Political Discontent in the 1870s     183
The Second Constitutional Convention, 1878     184
Politics in the 1880s     185
Political Realignment in the 1890s     187
California and the World: War with Spain and Acquisition of the Philippines     189
Cultural Expression     189
Summary     191
California in the Progressive Era, 1895-1920     194
The Origins of California Progressivism     197
The Many Shapes of Progressivism     197
Municipal Reform: Los Angeles     198
Municipal Reform: San Francisco     199
Organized Labor in the Progressive Era     200
Efforts to Reform State Government Before 1910     202
Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era     203
Immigration and Ethnic Relations     204
Economic Changes     208
Earthquake and Fire in 1906     210
Water Wars     212
California in the World Economy     215
California Progressivism, 1910-1920     215
Hiram Johnson and the Victory of the Progressives, 1910-1911     216
California Progressives and the Presidential Election of 1912     217
Radicals in a Progressive Era      218
A Second Flood of Reform, 1913     221
The Progressive Tide Recedes, 1914-1920     223
Californians in a World of Revolutions and War     223
Californians and the Mexican Revolution     224
War in Europe and Conflict at Home     224
Californians Go to War     225
Peace and the Backwash of War     226
The Meaning of Progressivism for Californians     227
Summary     228
California Between the Wars, 1919-1941     231
The Rise of Los Angeles: Twentieth-Century Metropolis     235
The Economic Basis for Growth     235
The Automobile and the Growth of Southern California     237
Prosperity Decade: The 1920s     238
Politics in a Time of Prosperity     239
New Economic Patterns     241
New Social Patterns     243
Cultural Expression     245
Depression Decade: The 1930s     247
Impact of the Great Depression     248
Labor Conflict     251
Federal Politics: The Impact of the New Deal     254
State Politics: The Rise of the Democrats     256
Cultural Expression During the Depression Decade     259
California on the Eve of War      261
Summary     262
World War II and the Great Transformation     266
Economic Expansion     269
Overview of the War's Economic Impact     269
The Aircraft Industry     270
Shipbuilding     271
Agriculture     272
Other Industry     273
Japanese Relocation and Internment     274
The Unfolding Tragedy     274
Relocation and Internment     277
Population Growth and Diversity     281
Black Migration     283
New Challenges and Opportunities     286
Shifting Gender Relations     291
Daily Life and Culture     293
Wartime Challenges     293
Entertainment     294
Political Transformation     296
Change from the Grassroots     296
Change at the Top     297
Summary     299
Postwar California: Prosperity and Discontent in the Golden State     301
Unbridled Growth     304
Industrial Growth and Organized Labor     304
Education     307
Population and Suburban Growth     308
Transportation, Energy, Water Resources, and Environmental Pollution      310
Postwar Politics     314
California's Red Scare     315
Warren and Knight     318
Edmund G. Brown     319
Liberalism at the Municipal Level     322
Social and Cultural Dissent     323
Diversity and Inequality     324
Student Activism     331
Cultural Developments     333
Summary     335
Contested Visions: Activism and Politics, 1964-1970     337
Seeds of Change     341
From Civil Rights to Civil Unrest     341
Black Power     345
Justice in the Fields     349
The Antiwar Movement and the Counterculture     352
The Movement Expands     357
The Chicano Movement     357
Taking the Rock     361
Change and Activism Along the Pacific Rim     363
Emerging Feminist and Gay Rights Movements     365
Politics in the Age of Dissent     367
The Decline of Liberalism     367
Reagan as Governor     368
Summary     371
Era of Limits     373
The Legacy of the Sixties     377
Feminism, Disability Rights, and Gay Pride      377
Multiethnic Politics, Economies, and Culture     383
Economic Changes and Environmental Constraints     391
The Economy     391
Environmental Activism and Constraints     394
Politics in the Era of Limits     401
Edmund G. Brown, Jr.     401
Deukmejian     404
Summary     407
California Enters the New Millennium     409
A New Kind of California     412
The Los Angeles Riots and the O.J. Simpson Trial     412
The Rise of Latino California     414
Changing Ethnic Demographics     417
The Economy     419
From Recession to Boom     419
An Economy for the New Millennium?     421
Going Global     424
A Redistribution of Income?     425
The Challenges of Growth     427
Education     427
Health Care and Housing     429
Transportation and Energy     431
California and September 11, 2001     432
Politics in the New California     432
Government by Initiative     433
The Governorship of Peter Wilson     436
The Governorship of Gray Davis     437
The Governorship of Arnold Schwarzenegger     439
Religion, Culture, and the Arts     440
Spirituality in the Midst of Materialism     441
Fitness, Health, and Entertainment     442
Cultural Expression     443
The California Dream in the Twenty-First Century     445
Summary     446
Governors of California: 1767 to Present     449
Glossary of Spanish Terms     451
Photo Credits     452
Index     I-1

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