Complete Medical Guide for Disease Volume XII; Gout

Complete Medical Guide for Disease Volume XII; Gout

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Overview

Complete Medical Guide for Disease Volume XII; Gout by Medical Professionals, National Institute of Health

Gout (also known as podagra when it involves the big toe) is a medical condition usually characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis—a red, tender, hot, swollen joint. The metatarsal-phalangeal joint at the base of the big toe is the most commonly affected (approximately 50% of cases). However, it may also present as tophi, kidney stones, or urate nephropathy. It is caused by elevated levels of uric acid in the blood. The uric acid crystallizes, and the crystals deposit in joints, tendons, and surrounding tissues.
Clinical diagnosis is confirmed by seeing the characteristic crystals in joint fluid. Treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids, or colchicine improves symptoms. Once the acute attack subsides, levels of uric acid are usually lowered via lifestyle changes, and in those with frequent attacks, allopurinol or probenecid provide long-term prevention.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781300105169
Publisher: Lulu.com
Publication date: 08/20/2012
Sold by: LULU PRESS
Format: NOOK Book
Sales rank: 303,289
File size: 228 KB

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