Composite Materials: Science and Applications / Edition 2

Composite Materials: Science and Applications / Edition 2

by Deborah D. L. Chung
Pub. Date:
Springer London


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Composite Materials: Science and Applications / Edition 2

Non-structural applications of composites are rapidly increasing in importance due to industry need for modern analysis and improved performance. Scientific concepts governing the design of functional composites and that of structural composites are very different. This refreshingly new way of looking at composite materials covers composites in accordance with their functions. The functional approach demonstrates functions of composites relating to applications in electronic packaging, thermal management, smart structures and other timely technologies that are rarely covered in existing books on the subject. The exploration of composites with polymer, metal, cement, carbon and ceramics matrices distinguishes Composite Materials from previous books, which emphasise polymer-matrix composites.

An essential reference source for materials scientists, composite engineers and mathematicians alike, with a new vibrant yet functional approach, fills a need for both students and practitioners.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781447125471
Publisher: Springer London
Publication date: 05/03/2012
Series: Engineering Materials and Processes
Edition description: Softcover reprint of hardcover 2nd ed. 2010
Pages: 371
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

About the Author

Deborah D.L. Chung is Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Buffalo, USA. She has a PhD in Materials Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA.

Table of Contents

1Applications of composite materials1
1.2Structural applications3
1.3Electronic applications6
1.4Thermal applications8
1.5Electrochemical applications9
1.6Environmental applications11
1.7Biomedical applications12
2Science of composite materials15
2.2Polymer-matrix composites17
2.2.2Interface engineering19
2.3Cement-matrix composites25
2.4Carbon-matrix composites28
2.4.3Oxidation protection33
2.4.4Mechanical properties38
2.4.5Thermal conductivity and electrical resistivity39
2.5Metal-matrix composites39
2.5.3Wetting of reinforcement by molten metals42
2.6Ceramic-matrix composites46
3Composite materials for thermal applications55
3.2Materials of high thermal conductivity55
3.2.1Metals, diamond and ceramics56
3.2.2Metal-matrix composites57
3.2.3Carbon-matrix composites60
3.2.4Carbon and graphite61
3.2.5Ceramic-matrix composites61
3.2.6Polymer-matrix composites62
3.3Thermal interface materials63
3.4Materials for thermal insulation66
3.5Materials for heat retention67
4Composite materials for electrical applications73
4.2Applications in microelectronics73
4.3Applications in resistance heating77
4.4Polymer-matrix composites78
4.4.1Polymer-matrix composites with continuous fillers78
4.4.2Polymer-matrix composites with discontinuous fillers79
4.5Ceramic-matrix composites84
5Composite materials for electromagnetic applications91
5.2Mechanisms behind electromagnetic functions91
5.3Composite materials for electromagnetic functions93
5.3.1Composite materials with discontinuous fillers93
5.3.2Composite materials with continuous fillers94
6Composite materials for thermoelectric applications101
6.2Non-structural composites102
6.3Structural composites103
6.3.1Introduction to thermoelectric property tailoring by composite engineering103
6.3.2Tailoring by the choice of fibers105
6.3.3Tailoring by the choice of interlaminar filler113
7Composite materials for dielectric applications125
7.1Background on dielectric behavior125
7.1.1Dielectric constant125
7.1.2AC loss129
7.1.3Dielectric strength133
7.2Piezoelectric behavior133
7.3Ferroelectric behavior140
7.4Piezoelectric/ferroelectric composite principles148
7.5Pyroelectric behavior151
7.6Introduction to composite materials for dielectric applications152
7.7Composites for electrical insulation153
7.7.1Polymer-matrix composites153
7.7.2Ceramic-matrix composites154
7.8Composites for capacitors154
7.8.1Polymer-matrix composites154
7.8.2Ceramic-matrix composites154
7.9Composites for piezoelectric, ferroelectric and pyroelectric functions155
7.9.1Polymer-matrix composites155
7.9.2Ceramic-matrix composites156
7.10Composites for microwave switching and electric field grading156
7.11Composites for electromagnetic windows157
7.12Composites for solid electrolytes157
8Composite materials for optical applications167
8.1Background on optical behavior167
8.1.1The electromagnetic spectrum167
8.1.2Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with materials168
8.1.3Reflection and refraction171
8.1.4Optical fiber173
8.1.5Light sources178
8.1.6Light detection182
8.2Composite materials for optical waveguides184
8.3Composite materials for optical filters184
8.4Composite materials for lasers185
9Composite materials for magnetic applications191
9.1Background on magnetic behavior191
9.1.1Magnetic moment191
9.1.2Ferromagnetic behavior193
9.1.3Paramagnetic behavior194
9.1.4Ferrimagnetic behavior195
9.1.5Antiferromagnetic behavior198
9.1.6Hard and soft magnets198
9.1.7Diamagnetic behavior199
9.2Metal-matrix composites for magnetic applications203
9.3Polymer-matrix composites for magnetic applications204
9.4Ceramic-matrix composites for magnetic applications205
9.5Multilayers for magnetic applications206
9.6Magnetic composites for non-destructive evaluation206
10Composite materials for electrochemical applications213
10.1Background on electrochemical behavior213
10.2Background on batteries220
10.3Background on fuel cells222
10.4Background on electric double-layer capacitors223
10.5Composite materials for electrodes and current collectors224
10.5.1Composites for improved electrochemical behavior224
10.5.2Composites for improved conductivity225
10.5.3Composites for improved processability, handleability, chemical stability, and electrolyte absorptivity225
10.5.4Carbon composites226
10.6Composite materials for electrolytes226
10.7Composite materials for multiple functions227
11Composite materials for biomedical applications233
11.1Background on biomedical materials and applications233
11.2Polymer-matrix composites for biomedical applications235
11.3Ceramic-matrix composites for biomedical applications237
11.4Carbon-matrix composites for biomedical applications238
11.5Metal-matrix composites for biomedical applications238
12Composite materials for vibration damping245
12.2Metals for vibration damping245
12.3Polymers for vibration damping247
12.4Ceramics for vibration damping248
12.5Comparison among representative materials248
13Intrinsically smart structural composites253
13.2Cement-matrix composites for smart structures253
13.2.1Background on cement-matrix composites254
13.2.2Cement-matrix composites for strain sensing254
13.2.3Cement-matrix composites for damage sensing257
13.2.4Cement-matrix composites for temperature sensing260
13.2.5Cement-matrix composites for thermal control265
13.2.6Cement-matrix composites for vibration reduction267
13.3Polymer-matrix composites for smart structures268
13.3.1Background on polymer-matrix composites268
13.3.2Polymer-matrix composites for strain/stress sensing272
13.3.3Polymer-matrix composites for damage sensing275
13.3.4Polymer-matrix composites for temperature sensing277
13.3.5Polymer-matrix composites for vibration reduction281

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