Composites for Construction: Structural Design with FRP Materials / Edition 1

Composites for Construction: Structural Design with FRP Materials / Edition 1

by Lawrence C. Bank
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Composites for Construction: Structural Design with FRP Materials / Edition 1

The first textbook on the design of FRP for structural engineeringapplications

Composites for Construction is a one-of-a-kind guide tounderstanding fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP) and designing andretrofitting structures with FRP. Written and organized liketraditional textbooks on steel, concrete, and wood design, itdemystifies FRP composites and demonstrates how both new andretrofit construction projects can especially benefit from thesematerials, such as offshore and waterfront structures, bridges,parking garages, cooling towers, and industrial buildings.

The code-based design guidelines featured in this book allow fordemonstrated applications to immediately be implemented in the realworld. Covered codes and design guidelines include ACI 440, ASCEStructural Plastics Design Manual, EUROCOMP Design Code, AASHTOSpecifications, and manufacturer-published design guides.Procedures are provided to the structural designer on how to usethis combination of code-like documents to design with FRPprofiles.

In four convenient sections, Composites for Constructioncovers:
* An introduction to FRP applications, products and properties, andto the methods of obtaining the characteristic properties of FRPmaterials for use in structural design
* The design of concrete structural members reinforced with FRPreinforcing bars
* Design of FRP strengthening systems such as strips, sheets, andfabrics for upgrading the strength and ductility of reinforcedconcrete structural members
* The design of trusses and frames made entirely of FRP structuralprofiles produced by the pultrusion process

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780471681267
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 07/21/2006
Pages: 560
Product dimensions: 6.32(w) x 9.37(h) x 1.28(d)

About the Author

Lawrence C. Bank, PE, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He has over twenty years of experience in research, consulting, and education in FRP composites for construction. He is the founding editor and former editor in chief of the ASCE Journal of Composites for Construction and a Fellow of the ASCE and the International Institute for FRP in Construction (IIFC) based in Hong Kong. He is a member of ACI Committee 440 (FRP Reinforcement) and of ASTM Committees D-20 (Plastics) and D-30 (Composite Materials). He has received the Walter L. Huber Civil Engineering Research Prize, the Thomas Fitch Rowland Prize, and the Richard R. Torrens Award from ASCE for his work related to composites for construction.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction.

1.1. Overview.

1.2. Historical Background.

1.3. FRP Reinforcements for New Concrete Structural Members.

1.3.1. FRP bars or grids for reinforced concrete (RC)members.

1.3.2. FRP tendons for prestressed concrete (PC) members.

1.3.3. Stay-in-Place FRP formwork for reinforced concrete (RC)members.

1.4. FRP Strengthening of Existing Structural Members .

1.5. FRP Profiles for New Structures.

1.6. Other Emerging Applications of Interest to StructuralEngineers.

1.7. Properties of FRP products for Structural EngineeringDesign.

1.8. Published Design Guides, Codes and Specifications for FRPComposites in Structural Engineering..

1.8.1. FRP Reinforcing Bars and Tendons.

1.8.2. FRP Strengthening Systems.

1.8.3. FRP Pultruded Profiles.

1.8.4. Manufacturer Design Manuals.

1.8.5. Key Conferences Series.

1.8.6. Archival Journals.

Chapter 2. Materials and Manufacturing.

2.1. Overview.

2.2. Raw Materials.

2.2.1. Reinforcing Fibers.

2.2.2. Polymer Resins.

2.3. Manufacturing Methods.

2.3.1. Pultrusion.

2.3.2. Hand-layup.

2.3.3. Other Manufacturing Processes.

Chapter 3. Properties of FRP Composites .

3.1. Overview .

3.2. Theoretical determination of properties.

3.2.1. The fiber level .

3.2.2. The lamina level .

3.2.3. The laminate level.

3.2.4. The full-section level .

3.3. Experimental determination of properties .

3.3.1. The fiber level .

3.3.2.   The lamina level.

3.3.3. The laminate level.

3.3.4. The full-section level .

3.4. Relevant Standard Test Methods for FRP Composites forStructural Engineers.

3.4.1. American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).

Chapter 4. Design Basis for FRP Reinforcements.

4.1. Overview.

4.2. Introduction.

4.3. Properties of FRP Reinforcing Bars.

4.4. Design Basis for FRP Reinforced Concrete .

4.4.1. Resistance factors.

4.4.2. Minimum reinforcement requirements.

4.4.3. Determination of guaranteed properties of FRP rebars.

4.4.4. Design for environmental effects on FRP rebars.

4.4.5. Special considerations FRP rebars.

4.4.6. Design for serviceability.

4.4.7. Temperature and shrinkage reinforcement in slabs.

Chapter 5. FRP Flexural Reinforcement.

5.1. Overview.

5.2. Introduction.

5.3. Flexural Strength of an FRP Reinforced Section.

5.3.1. The over-reinforced section.

5.3.2. The under-reinforced section.

5.3.3. Minimum flexural reinforcement.

5.4. Design procedure for an FRP reinforced flexural member.

5.4.1. Design of FRP reinforced bridge deck slabs.

5.5. Serviceability design of FRP reinforced beams.

5.5.1. Deflections under service loads.

5.5.2. Flexural Cracking.

5.5.3. Creep and Fatigue at Service Loads.

5.6. Design procedure for serviceability.

Chapter 6. FRP Shear Reinforcement .

6.1. Overview.

6.2. Introduction.

6.3. Shear design of an FRP reinforced concrete section.

6.3.1. The concrete contribution to shear capacity.

6.3.2. Shear capacity of FRP stirrups.

6.3.3. Punching shear capacity in slabs.

6.4. Limits on shear reinforcement and shear strengths for sheardesign.

6.5. Design procedure for FRP shear reinforcement.

Chapter 7. FRP Reinforcement Detailing.

7.1. Overview.

7.2. Introduction.

7.3. Geometric details.

7.3.1. Calculation of bar spacing.

7.4. Bond strength of FRP bars.

7.5. Development of straight FRP bars.

7.6. Development of hooked FRP bars.

7.7. Lap splices for FRP bars.

7.8. Design procedure to detail FRP bars in a beam.

Chapter 8. Design Basis for FRP Strengthening.

8.1. Overview.

8.2. Introduction.

8.3. Properties of FRP Strengthening Systems.

8.4. Design Basis for FRP Strengthening Systems .

8.4.1. Resistance Factors.

8.4.2. Guaranteed properties.

8.4.3. Environmental effects.

8.4.4. Limits of strengthening.

8.4.5. Limits on stresses in FRP strengthening systems atservice loads.

8.4.6. Compression strengthening in flexural members.

8.5. Deflections in FRP strengthened structures.

8.6. FRP strengthening system area calculations.

Chapter 9. FRP Flexural Strengthening.

9.1. Overview.

9.2. Introduction to FRP flexural strengthening .

9.3. Flexural capacity of an FRP strengthened member.

9.3.1. Stress in the FRP strengthening system.

9.3.2. Strain in the internal reinforcing steel .

9.3.3. Neutral axis depth.

9.3.4. The existing substrate strain.

9.4. Determination of failure modes and flexural capacity.

9.4.1. Mode 1a - Concrete crushing after steel yields.

9.4.2. Mode 1b - Concrete crushing before steel yields.

9.4.3. Mode 2a - FRP failure after steel yields .

9.4.4. Mode 2b - FRP failure before steel yields.

9.5. The Balanced Condition.

9.6. Detailing for flexural strengthening.

9.7. Design Procedure for a flexurally strengthened concretemember.

9.8. Serviceability of FRP strengthened flexural members.

9.8.1. The cracked FRP strengthened section.

9.8.2. Service level stress in the internal steel reinforcingbars.

9.8.3. Service level stresses in the FRP strengtheningsystem.

9.9. Load-deflection response of FRP strengthened flexuralmembers.

Chapter 10. FRP Shear Strengthening.

10.1. Overview.

10.2. Introduction to FRP shear strengthening.

10.3. Shear capacity of an FRP strengthened member.

10.4. Effective strain in the FRP for shear strengthening .

10.5. Design Procedure for shear strengthening.

10.6. Shear strengthening of fully-wrapped axially loadedcolumns .

Chapter 11. FRP Confining.

11.1. Overview.

11.2. Introduction to FRP confining.

11.3. FRP confining for axial strengthening.

11.3.1. Serviceability for FRP strengthened axial members.

11.4. Design procedure for FRP axial strengthening of RCcircular columns.

11.5. FRP strengthened eccentrically-loaded columns .

11.6. FRP confining for increased ductility.

11.6.1. Lateral Displacement Ductility.

11.6.2. Flexural Hinge Confinement.

11.7. Design Procedure for Flexural Hinge Confinement.

11.8. Lap Splice Region Confinement.

11.9. Plastic Shear Overstrength Demand.

Chapter 12. Design Basis for FRP Profiles.

12.1. Overview.

12.2 Introduction.

12.3. Properties of Pultruded Profiles.

12.4. Design Basis for FRP Pultruded Structures.

12.4.1. Allowable Stress Design (ASD).

12.4.2. Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD).

12.5. Performance Based Design (PBD).

Chapter 13. Pultruded Flexural Members.

13.1. Overview.

13.2. Introduction to pultruded flexural members.

13.3. Stresses in flexural members.

13.4. Deformations in flexural members.

13.5. Determination of deflections and stresses forserviceability and ultimate limit states.

13.6. Serviceability limits states.

13.6.1. Deformation limit state—transverse deflection.

13.6.2. Long-term deflection in pultruded beams.

13.7. Ultimate limit states.

13.7.1. Lateral-torsional buckling.

13.7.2. Local buckling of walls due to in-plane compression.

13.7.3. Local buckling of walls due to in-plane shear .

13.7.4. Web crushing and web buckling in the transversedirection.

13.7.5. Additional factors affecting local buckling in pultrudedprofiles.

13.7.6. Flange and web longitudinal material failure .

13.7.7. Flange and web material shear failure .

13.8. Design procedure for flexural members.

Chapter 14. Pultruded Axial Members.

14.1. Overview.

14.2. Introduction to pultruded axial members.

14.3. Concentrically loaded compression members.

14.4. Deformations in concentrically loaded compressionmembers.

14.5. Determination of deflections and stresses forserviceability and ultimate limit states.

14.6. Serviceability limits states.

14.6.1. Deformation limit state—axial shortening.

14.7. Ultimate limit states.

14.7.1. Global flexural buckling.

14.7.2. Global torsional buckling.

14.7.3. Local buckling due to axial loads.

14.7.4. Interaction between local and global buckling modes inintermediate length compression members.

14.7.5. Flange and web longitudinal material failure .

14.8. Design procedure for concentrically loaded compressionmembers.

14.9. Concentrically loaded tension members.

14.9.1 Deformations in concentrically loaded tensionmembers.

14.10. Determination of deflections and stresses forserviceability and ultimate limit states.

14.10.1. Deformation limit state—axial elongation .

14.11. Ultimate limit states.

14.11.1. Longitudinal material failure on the gross area .

14.11.2. Longitudinal material failure on the net area .

14.12. Design procedure for concentrically loaded tensionmembers.

14.13. Combined load members.

14.13.1. Members subjected to combined flexure and compression(beam-columns).

14.13.2. Members subjected to combined flexure and tension .

Chapter 15. Pultruded Connections.

15.1. Overview.

15.2. Introduction to pultruded connections.

15.2.1. Conventional Pultruded Connections.

15.2.2 Custom Pultruded Connections.

15.3. Mechanical Fasteners and Connection Parts.

15.3.1. FRP nuts and bolts.

15.4. Research on Heavy Beam-to-column Pultruded Connections.

15.5. Bolted Pultruded Connections.

15.6. Light-truss pultruded connections.

15.6.1. Lap-joint connections.

15.7. Heavy frame pultruded connections.

15.8. Design of bolted pultruded connections.

15.9. Determination of stresses in in-plane lap-joints.

15.9.1 Bearing stress in the base pultruded material.

15.9.2. Net-tension stress in the base pultruded material.

15.9.3. Shear-out stress in the base pultruded material.

15.9.4. Shear stress on the bolt.

15.10. Stresses in out-of-plane shear connections.

15.10.1. Longitudinal shear stress at the heel of the angle.

15.10.2. Flexural stress in the leg of the angle bolted to thecolumn member.

15.10.3. Transverse tensile stress in the web-flange junction ofthe column.

15.10.4. Block shear in the beam web.

15.10.5. Flexural and shear stresses in flexible seatedconnections.

15.11. Critical Connection Limit States.

15.12. Design Procedure for a pultruded connection.

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