ISBN-10:
0073529729
ISBN-13:
2900073529720
Pub. Date:
09/05/2012
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Comprehensive Stress Management / Edition 13

Comprehensive Stress Management / Edition 13

by Jerrold Greenberg
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900073529720
    Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
    Publication date: 09/05/2012
    Edition description: Older Edition
    Pages: 480
    Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.70(d)

    About the Author

    Professor in the Department of Public and Community Health at the University of Maryland. Dr. Greenberg earned his baccalaureate and masters degrees from The City College of New York, and then continued his education at Syracuse University where he earned his doctorate. Dr. Greenberg taught at Syracuse University, Boston University, and the State University of New York at Buffalo before accepting his current position at the University of Maryland in 1979. Dr. Greenberg has written over 50 books on such topics as elder care, health, stress management, physical fitness, sexuality, and methods of health education. In addition, he has published over 80 articles in professional journals and lay magazines. Among Dr. Greenberg's honors are included: the University of Maryland Service-Learning Advocate of Year Award for 2003-2004; the American School Health Association's Distinguished Service Award; selection as Alliance Scholar by the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance; the Presidential Citation, the Certificate of Appreciation, and the Scholar Award of the American Association for Health Education; selection for inclusion in Who's Who in America, Outstanding Young Men of America, and Who's Who in World Jewry. Dr. Greenberg has also served on the editorial boards of the professional journals Health Education and The Journal of School Health and as a reviewer for other professional journals. In addition, Dr. Greenberg has conducted stress management workshops for professional, business, and lay organizations throughout the United States.

    Table of Contents


    Preface     xvi
    Scientific Foundations     1
    What Is Stress?     2
    The Pioneers     3
    Stress Theory     6
    Life-Events Theory     6
    Hardiness Theory     7
    Social Support Theory     7
    The Stressor     7
    Stress Reactivity     8
    Gender Differences in Reactivity     10
    A Definition of Stress     10
    Stress Management Goals     10
    The Way to Use This Book     11
    Your Personal Stress Profile and Activity Workbook     11
    The Stress Portfolio     12
    "Getting Involved in Your Community" Boxes     13
    Summary     15
    Notes     16
    Internet Resources     17
    Stress Psychophysiology     18
    The Brain     18
    The Endocrine System     21
    The Autonomic Nervous System     24
    The Cardiovascular System     26
    The Gastrointestinal System     28
    The Muscles     28
    The Skin     29
    Symptoms, Stress, and You     30
    Summary     31
    Notes     31
    Internet Resources     32
    How Much Do You Know About Stress Psychophysiology?     33
    What Are Your Physiological Reactions to Stress?     34
    Stress and Illness/Disease     35
    Hot Reactors     35
    Psychosomatic Disease     35
    Stress and the Immunological System     36
    Stress and Serum Cholesterol     38
    Specific Conditions     39
    Hypertension     39
    Stroke     40
    Coronary Heart Disease     41
    Ulcers     43
    Migraine Headaches     43
    Tension Headaches     45
    Cancer     46
    Allergies, Asthma, and Hay Fever     46
    Rheumatoid Arthritis     48
    Backache     48
    TMJ Syndrome     49
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder     49
    Stress and Other Conditions     52
    Summary     52
    Notes     52
    Internet Resources     55
    General Applications: Life-Situation and Perception Interventions     57
    Intervention     58
    A Model of Stress     58
    Feedback Loops in the Stress Model     60
    Setting Up Roadblocks     60
    Comprehensive Stress Management     61
    Eustress and the Model     62
    Taking Control     63
    Making a Commitment     65
    Summary     67
    Internet Resources     67
    Life-Situation Interventions Intrapersonal     68
    Eliminating Unnecessary Stressors     68
    Nutrition and Stress     70
    Noise and Stress     77
    Life Events and Stress     78
    Hassles and Chronic Stress     80
    Success Analysis     81
    Summary     83
    Notes     83
    Internet Resources     84
    What Is Your Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)?     85
    What Stressful Events Do You Experience?     86
    Are Your Life Events Unhealthy?     87
    What Hassles Do You Encounter?     88
    Life-Situation Interventions Interpersonal     89
    Asserting Yourself     89
    Nonverbal Assertiveness     90
    Verbal Assertiveness     91
    Conflict Resolution     92
    Communication     95
    Nonverbal Communication     95
    Verbal Communication     96
    Time Management     97
    Assessing How You Spend Time      97
    Setting Goals     98
    Prioritizing     98
    Scheduling     99
    Maximizing Your Rewards     99
    Saying No     99
    Delegating     99
    Evaluating Tasks Once     99
    Using the Circular File     100
    Limiting Interruptions     100
    Investing Time     100
    Social Support Networking     100
    Summary     103
    Notes     103
    Internet Resources     104
    How Assertive Are You?     105
    How Do You Resolve Conflicts?     106
    How is Your Social Support?     107
    Perception Interventions     109
    Selective Awareness     109
    Stop to Smell the Roses     111
    Perspective and Selective Awareness     112
    An Attitude of Gratitude     113
    Humor and Stress     114
    Type A Behavior Pattern     115
    Self-Esteem     118
    Locus of Control     119
    Anxiety Management     120
    Test Anxiety     121
    Trait and State Anxiety     121
    Panic Disorder     121
    Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder)      122
    Specific Phobias     123
    Coping Techniques     123
    Hardiness     127
    Summary     128
    Notes     128
    Internet Resources     132
    Are You a Type A?     133
    How Is Your Self-Esteem?     134
    How Is Your Physical Self-Esteem?     135
    What Is Your Locus of Control?     136
    What Is Your Level of Anxiety?     138
    What Is Your Level of Test Anxiety?     139
    What Is Your Level of Social Physique Anxiety?     140
    Do You have Irrational Beliefs?     141
    Spirituality and Stress     143
    Spiritual Health     143
    Religion and Spirituality     144
    Spirituality and Health     144
    How Spirituality and Religion Affect Health     145
    Control Theory     146
    Social Support Theory     147
    Spirituality, Social Support, and Terrorism     147
    Placebo Theory     148
    Forgiveness and Health     148
    Volunteerism as a Spiritual and Healthy Activity     149
    Service-Learning: A Spiritual and Academic Activity     149
    Closing Thoughts on Spirituality, Health, and Managing Stress      151
    Summary     153
    Notes     153
    Internet Resources     155
    General Applications: Relaxation Techniques     157
    Meditation     158
    What Is Meditation?     158
    Types of Meditation     158
    Benefits of Meditation     160
    Physiological Effects     160
    Psychological Effects     161
    How to Meditate     161
    Making Time for Meditation     163
    Summary     164
    Notes     164
    Internet Resources     166
    Is Meditation for You?     167
    Autogenic Training and Imagery     169
    What Is Autogenic Training?     169
    Benefits of Autogenic Training     170
    Physiological Effects     170
    Psychological Effects     170
    How to Do Autogenic Training     171
    Prerequisites     171
    Body Position     171
    Six Initial Stages of Autogenic Training     172
    Imagery     173
    An Autogenic Training Experience     174
    Summary     176
    Notes     177
    Internet Resources     178
    Is Autogenic Training for You?     179
    Progressive Relaxation     181
    Bracing     181
    What Is Progressive Relaxation?     182
    Benefits of Progressive Relaxation     183
    Physiological Effects     183
    Psychological Effects     183
    How to Do Progressive Relaxation     183
    Cues Identifying Tension     184
    Prerequisites     184
    Body Position     184
    Exercises     185
    Other Short Exercises     189
    Summary     189
    Notes     190
    Internet Resources     191
    Is Progressive Relaxation for You?     193
    Other Relaxation Techniques     195
    Biofeedback     195
    Benefits of Biofeedback     196
    How to Relax Using Biofeedback     198
    How to Arrange for Biofeedback Training     199
    Diaphragmatic Breathing     199
    Body Scanning     200
    Massage and Acupressure     201
    Yoga and Stretching     201
    Repetitive Prayer     202
    Quieting Reflex     202
    Instant Calming Sequence     202
    Mindfulness     203
    Music and Relaxation      203
    Tai Chi     204
    Pets and Stress     205
    Summary     207
    Notes     207
    Internet Resources     211
    General Applications: Physiological Arousal and Behavior Change Interventions     213
    Physiological Arousal Interventions Exercise     214
    Exercise and Health     215
    Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise     215
    Physical Health     216
    Psychological Health     217
    Can Physical Fitness and Exercise Make You Smarter?     219
    The Healthy Way to Exercise     220
    Principles of Exercise     221
    Intensity, Frequency, and Duration     222
    Assessing Your Cardiorespiratory Fitness     222
    Starting an Exercise Program     222
    How to Exercise     223
    Do's and Don'ts     223
    Competition and Enjoyment     224
    Choosing an Exercise Program     225
    Swimming     225
    Rope Jumping     226
    Bicycling     226
    Walking     226
    Jogging     227
    Aerobic Dance     228
    Low-Impact Aerobic Dance     229
    Stretching      230
    Weight Training     230
    Exercise and the Elderly     230
    Where to Get More Information     231
    Exercise-Keeping It Going     235
    Summary     235
    Notes     236
    Internet Resources     237
    Strategies for Decreasing Stressful Behaviors     238
    Health and Lifestyle Behaviors     238
    Health-Related Behavior Assessment     238
    Selected Lifestyle Behaviors     238
    Barriers to Action     239
    Locus of Control     239
    Methods for Decreasing Stressful Behaviors     240
    Self-Monitoring     240
    Tailoring     240
    Material Reinforcement     241
    Social Reinforcement     241
    Social Support     242
    Self-Contracting     242
    Contracting with a Significant Other     242
    Shaping     243
    Reminders     243
    Self-Help Groups     243
    Professional Help     243
    Application of Behavior Change Techniques     244
    Example: Exercise     244
    Behavior Change Theories and Stress     244
    Stages of Change Theory      245
    Self-Efficacy Theory     246
    The Theory of Reasoned Action and the Theory of Planned Behavior     247
    Summary     248
    Notes     249
    Internet Resources     250
    Are Your Behaviors Healthy?     251
    Are Your Lifestyle Behaviors Healthy?     253
    What Are Your Barriers to Behaving Healthfully?     254
    How Much Control Do You Have?     255
    Diversity and Stress     257
    "Minority" Defined     257
    Positive Aspects of Minority Status     258
    An Introduction to the Descriptions of Problems Paced by Minorities     259
    Stressors Challenging Minorities     260
    Health Status     261
    National Health Objectives and Diversity     262
    Infant Mortality     263
    Life Expectancy     264
    Years of Potential Life Lost     264
    High Blood Pressure     264
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)     265
    Cancer     266
    Mental Health     266
    Poverty and Educational Level     266
    Family Life     267
    Homelessness     268
    Family Structure     268
    Age and Physical Disability      269
    Elders     269
    People with Disabilities     270
    Summary     271
    Notes     271
    Internet Resources     273
    Specific Applications     275
    Occupational Stress     276
    Occupational Stress Cycle     276
    What Is Occupational Stress?     277
    Why Is Occupational Stress of Concern?     278
    Gender and Occupational Stress     282
    Disease and Occupational Stress     282
    Physiological Effects     283
    Disease States     283
    Psychological Effects     283
    Occupational Stressors     284
    Lack of Participation     284
    Role Problems     284
    Job Dissatisfaction     286
    The Work Environment     286
    The Workaholic     286
    Burnout     289
    Women and Work Outside the Home     290
    Sexual Harassment at Work     292
    Working in the Home     294
    Interventions     295
    Life-Situation Interventions     295
    Perception Interventions     295
    Emotional Arousal Interventions     296
    Physiological Arousal Interventions     296
    Managing Occupational Stress     296
    Summary     297
    Notes     298
    Internet Resources     301
    Do You Have Occupational Stress?     303
    Are You a Workaholic?     304
    Do You Have Burnout or Brownout?     305
    Stress and the College Student     307
    The Younger College Student     308
    Lifestyle Change     308
    Grades     309
    Course Overload     309
    Finances     310
    Friendship     311
    Love     312
    Sex     312
    HIV/AIDS     314
    Other Sexually Transmitted Infections     316
    Date Rape     316
    Shyness     317
    Jealousy     318
    Breakups     318
    The Older College Student     318
    Career and School     319
    Family and School     319
    Self-Doubt     319
    The Minority College Student     320
    Interventions     321
    Life-Situation Interventions     321
    Perception Interventions     324
    Emotional Arousal Interventions      325
    Physiological Arousal Interventions     325
    Summary     326
    Notes     326
    Internet Resources     327
    How Intimate Are Your Friendships?     329
    What Type of Lover Are You?     331
    Family Stress     333
    The Family     333
    Needs Satisfied by the Family     333
    The Effective Family     334
    The Changing Family     335
    Marriage     336
    Cohabitation     337
    Divorce     337
    Single-Parent Families     339
    Gay and Lesbian Families     339
    Family Stressors     340
    The Dual-Career Family     341
    Children     341
    Family Planning     342
    Adoption     343
    Mobility     346
    Violence: A Family Matter     346
    Financial Stressors     348
    Other Stressors     349
    A Model of Family Stress     350
    Interventions     350
    Life-Situation Interventions     350
    Financial Stress Interventions     353
    Perception Interventions     354
    Emotional Arousal Interventions      356
    Physiological Arousal Interventions     356
    Summary     356
    Notes     357
    Internet Resources     358
    Are You Ready for Marriage?     359
    How Do You View Abortion?     360
    Stress and the Elderly     361
    The Elderly: A Description     362
    Test of Knowledge About the Elderly     362
    Adjustment in the Later Years     363
    Erik Erikson: Life Crises     363
    Robert Havighurst: Developmental Tasks     363
    Positive Change     363
    Exercise and the Elderly     364
    Retirement     365
    Caregiving     366
    Death and Dying     368
    Death     368
    Dying     368
    Grief     370
    Interventions     371
    Life-Situation Interventions     371
    Perception Interventions     373
    Emotional Arousal Interventions     375
    Physiological Arousal Interventions     376
    Summary     376
    Notes     377
    Internet Resources     378
    What Are Your Attitudes Toward Death?     379
    What Are Your Feelings About Death?      380
    Epilogue     381
    Appendix     A-1
    Stress Information Resources
    Glossary     G-1
    Selected Bibliography     B-1
    Credits     C-1
    Index     I-1

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