The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism by Steven Bernstein
The most significant shift in environmental governance over the last thirty years has been the convergence of environmental and liberal economic norms toward "liberal environmentalism"which predicates environmental protection on the promotion and maintenance of a liberal economic order. Steven Bernstein assesses the reasons for this historical shift, introduces a socio-evolutionary explanation for the selection of international norms, and considers the implications for our ability to address global environmental problems.
The author maintains that the institutionalization of "sustainable development" at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) legitimized the evolution toward liberal environmentalism. Arguing that most of the literature on international environmental politics is too rationalist and problem-specific, Bernstein challenges the mainstream thinking on international cooperation by showing that it is always for some purpose or goal. His analysis of the norms that guide global environmental policy also challenges the often-presumed primacy of science in environmental governance.
Steven Bernstein is an assistant professor of political science at the University of Toronto.
What People are Saying About This
Mark W. Zacher
A fascinating and lucid analysis of the evolution of thinking concerning international environmental management. Whereas liberal economic policies were regarded as anathema to sound ecological management in the 1970s, they became central to international approaches in the 1990s. Bernstein perceptively points out that the transformation can only be understood in terms of striking changes in the acceptance of certain political norms over the three decades. The book is clearly one of the best studies on international environmental politics.