ISBN-10:
1118478916
ISBN-13:
9781118478912
Pub. Date:
02/17/2014
Publisher:
Wiley
Concept-Oriented Research and Development in Information Technology / Edition 1

Concept-Oriented Research and Development in Information Technology / Edition 1

by Kinji Mori
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781118478912
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 02/17/2014
Series: Wiley Series in Systems Engineering and Management Series
Pages: 274
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.40(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

KINJI MORI, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Green Computing Systems Research Organization at Waseda University, Japan and Professor Emeritus at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan in the Department of Computer Science. Previously, Dr. Mori worked at Hitachi as Chief Researcher. He is a Fellow of IEEE and IEICE. Dr. Mori is the pioneer of the concept-oriented research and development, and he proposed the Autonomous Decentralized Systems Concept and realized its concept-oriented technologies and applications. He founded the IEEE International Symposium on Autonomous Decentralized Systems. Dr. Mori holds more than 350 patents and has received the Special Distinguished Ichimura Award, the Japan Patent Award, and the Research Achievement Award in Japan, among others.

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Table of Contents

FOREWORD xv

PREFACE xvii

CONTRIBUTORS xxi

PART I INTRODUCTION 1

1 Introduction 3
Kinji Mori

1.1 Factors of Research and Development (R&D) Approaches5

1.2 R&D Approaches 7

1.3 Autonomous Decentralized System (ADS) Concept and ItsR&D 13

PART II CONCEPT CREATION 29

2 Challenges in Technology Education and System Developmentin Software Ecosystem Environment 35
C. V. Ramamoorthy and Xiaodong Lu

2.1 Introduction 36

2.2 Importance of Education 37

2.3 Needs Engineering 39

2.4 Software Ecosystem 40

2.5 Summary and Conclusions 43

3 Concept-Oriented Research and Development from Social andCultural Perspectives 45
Katsuhiko Shirai

3.1 Introduction 46

3.2 R&D and Engineering Education 47

3.3 R&D and Systems Approach 48

3.4 R&D and Social Demand 49

3.5 Autonomous Decentralized System (ADS) Requirements 49

3.6 Concept Creation and Innovation 51

3.7 Conclusions 52

4 Roads to Smarter Cities 55
Colin Harrison

4.1 Introduction 55

4.2 IBM's Strategy 56

4.3 Use of Platform in the Deployment Phase 61

4.4 Smarter Cities 63

4.5 The Future 68

4.6 Conclusions 69

5 Advancing Knowledge and Evolving Society 71
Alfonso Fuggetta

5.1 Introduction 72

5.2 Research and Innovation 72

5.3 Innovation and Technology Transfer 79

5.4 The CEFRIEL Experience 83

5.5 Conclusions 86

PART III FUSION OF TECHNOLOGIES 89

6 Fusion of Technologies 93
Yinong Chen

6.1 Introduction 94

6.2 Hardware–Software Fusion 95

6.3 Computing and Communication 95

6.4 Virtual and Physical Reality 96

6.5 Service-Oriented Architecture 98

6.6 Mashup 100

6.7 Cloud Computing 102

6.8 Concept-Oriented System Development 105

6.9 Conclusion 106

7 Fusion of Computer and Communication 109
Hermann Kopetz

7.1 Introduction 110

7.2 Historical Perspective 110

7.3 System of Systems 112

7.4 Problem Solving 116

7.5 Role of Trust 119

7.6 Example: ATM Application 120

7.7 Conclusions 122

8 Future of Railway Signaling and Train Control 123
Tang Tao and Xun Jing

8.1 Introduction 124

8.2 History of Developments in the Train Control Industry124

8.3 The Current Status of Communication-Based Train Control(CBTC) 126

8.4 Future Trends in Train Control Technology 130

8.5 Conclusion 132

9 Fusion of Control Systems, Computers, and the Real World135
Yasushi Fukunaga

9.1 Introduction 136

9.2 Reseach and Development in the "Chaos Era" 137

9.3 Birth and Development of the Computer Control System 139

9.4 New ICT System 140

9.5 Conclusion and Proposed Future Expansion 143

10 Fusion of Computer, Communication, and ControlTechnologies: Needs and Strategies 147
Masayoshi Tomizuka

10.1 Introduction 148

10.2 Dynamic Systems and Control 148

10.3 Computers in Control Systems 151

10.4 Networked Control Systems 152

10.5 Communications in Robotics 153

10.6 Vehicle Applications 153

10.7 Cyberphysical Systems 155

10.8 National Science Foundation 155

10.9 Conclusions 156

PART IV GLOCALIZATION 159

11 Glocalization of the Market 161
Masaki Ogata

11.1 Introduction 161

11.2 The Term Glocalization 163

11.3 Concept Creation 167

11.4 Fusion of Technologies 167

11.5 Market Glocalization 167

11.6 Conclusion 170

12 Thinking Globally, Acting Locally and Thinking Locally,Acting Globally 173
Cathy Lasser

12.1 Introduction 174

12.2 Transformation Framework 176

12.3 Value-Based Culture 177

12.4 Collaborative Innovation 178

12.5 A Smarter Planet: Collaboration and the Future of Work179

12.6 Conclusion 181

13 Glocalization: Market Cultivation and the Future ofStandards 183
Richard Mark Soley

13.1 Introduction 184

13.2 Innovation 184

13.3 Standards 185

13.4 Market Ecosystem 187

13.5 Approaches to Developing Standards 188

13.6 Globalization 190

13.7 Glocalization 191

13.8 Successful Standards 192

13.9 Future of Standards 192

13.10 Smart Energy Grids 193

13.11 Conclusion 194

14 Smart Urban Infrastructure as an Enabler of theIntegration of Resident-Oriented Services 195
Yukio Toyoshima and Michinaga Kohno

14.1 Introduction 196

14.2 New Trends in Urban Development 196

14.3 Authors' Concept of Smart Cities 199

14.4 "Glocal" Deployment of Smart Cities 204

15 Summary of Market Glocalization 209
Masaki Ogata

15.1 Introduction 209

15.2 Organization 211

15.3 Standardization 213

15.4 Diversifi cation 215

15.5 Smart Grid 216

15.6 Conclusion 219

PART V CONCLUSION 221

16 Conclusions and Future Directions 223
Kinji Mori

INDEX 229

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