This study addresses the contemporary conflict of national identity in Sudan between the adherents of Islamic nationalism and those of customary secularism. The former urge the adoption of a national constitution that derives its civil and criminal laws from the Sharia, and want Arabic as the language of instruction in national institutions. The latter demand the adoption of secular laws, derived from the set of customary laws, and equal opportunities for all African languages beside Arabic and English. In the past, the adherents of Islamic nationalism imposed the Islamic-Arab model. In reaction, secularists resorted to violence; the Islamists declared Jihad against the secularists and adopted a racial war, which has caused a humanitarian disaster. The main primary material of this research is based on a survey conducted among 500 students of five universities in Sudan. Besides, the study considers the diverse theoretical models for the formation of a nation-state, where diversity is not discouraged, but states apply laws to promote religious and ethnic diversities within one territorial state.
|Publisher:||Lang, Peter Publishing, Incorporated|
|Product dimensions:||5.83(w) x 8.27(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Kuel Jok has studied in Khartoum, Sudan, and at the University of Joensuu, Finland. He holds a PhD in Political Sociology and Culture from the University of Helsinki. At present, he teaches at the University of Helsinki and the University of Juba, South Sudan. His research areas include Dynamics of Racism, Islamic Fundamentalism, as well as Ethnicity, Conflict Resolution, Political Pluralism and Political Ethics.
Table of Contents
Contents: Identity – Assimiliation – Fundamentalism – Islam – Religion – Ethnicity – Society – Africa – Racism – Discrimination – Nationalism – Ecology – Xenophobia – Jonglei – Canal – Vision – Anomia – Animism – Nuba – Beja – Dinka – Violence – War – Thudan – Sudan – Darfur – Nuba Mountains – Beja Ingessana.