Conflicted Colony: Critical Episodes in Nineteenth-Century Newfoundland and Labrador

Conflicted Colony: Critical Episodes in Nineteenth-Century Newfoundland and Labrador

by Kurt Korneski


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Nineteenth-century Newfoundland was an archetypal borderland - a space where changes in the authority of imperial, national, and indigenous territorial claims shaped the opportunities and identities of a socially diverse population. Conflicted Colony elucidates processes of state formation in Newfoundland through a reassessment of key moments in the country's history. Kurt Korneski closely examines five conflicts from the late nineteenth century - the Fortune Bay Dispute of 1878, the St George's Bay Dispute of 1889-92, the 1890s Lobster Controversy, the Battle of Foxtrap, and disputes over salmon grounds in Hamilton Inlet, Labrador - to explain how local regimes received, challenged, and reworked formal and informal diplomatic and commercial arrangements, as well as policies set out by the colonial and imperial government. The chapters examine antagonisms and divisions that grew out of clashes between the distinct commercial and social identities of regions in the borderlands and the sensibilities of merchants, politicians, and working people on the Avalon Peninsula. Providing new insight into the social history of Newfoundland and Labrador, these disputes illuminate contending perspectives driven by informal systems of governance, political movements, and local economic, social, demographic, and ecological circumstances. Conflicted Colony broadens, deepens, and clarifies our understanding of how Newfoundland became an integrated Dominion in the British Empire.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780773547803
Publisher: McGill-Queens University Press
Publication date: 10/01/2016
Pages: 248
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Kurt Korneski is associate professor of history at Memorial University of Newfoundland.

Table of Contents

Maps vii

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 3

1 The French, the Americans, and the Making of a "Riot" The Fortune Bay Dispute, 1878 15

2 Troubles down North: Unsettling Settlers in Hamilton Inlet, 1871-1883 47

3 Which Road to the Future? Social Unrest, Landward Development, and Eastern Perspectives 71

4 Place and Resistance to the "Government of St John's": The St George's Bay Dispute of 1889-1892 101

5 More French Shore Problems: The Lobster Controversy on Newfoundland's Treaty Coast, 1890-1904 131

Conclusion 153

Notes 159

Bibliography 207

Index 229

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