Historical research in previous decades done a great deal to explore the social and political contest of early modern natural and moral inquiries. Particularly since the publication of Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer's Leviathan and the Air-Pump (1985) several studies have attribute epistemologital stances and debates to clashes of political and theological ideologies. The present volume suggests that with an awareness of this context, it is now worth turning back to questions of the epistemic content itself. The contributors to the present collection were invited to explore how certain non-epistemic values had been turned into epistemic ones, how they had an effect on epistemic content, and eventually how they became ideologies of knowledge playing various roles in inquiry and application throughout early modern Europe. This series of publications brings together new material on well-considered themes within the wide area of Early Modem Studies. Contributions may come from any of the disciplines within the humanities history, art history, literary history, book history, church history social history, history of the humanities, of the theatre of cultural and institutions. Each volume addresses a single theme and articles are selected for the freshness of their approach and for the extent to which they elucidate aspects of the theme of the volume. The themes are carefully selected on the basis of a number of criteria, the most important a which are that they should address issues about which there is a lively debate within the international community of scholars and that they should be of interest to a variety of disciplines.
About the Author
Tamás Demeter is Research Group Leader at the Institute of Philosophy, Hungarian Academy of Sciences and teaches at the University of Pécs, Hungary. He received his PhD from the University of Cambridge and has published widely on the connections of early modern natural and moral philosophies.
Kathryn Murphy, D.Phil. (2009), is Fellow and Tutor in English Literature at Oriel College, Oxford. Her research focuses on early modern English prose, discourses of knowledge, and the reception of ancient philosophy.
Claus Zittel teaches German literature and philosophy at the Universities of Stuttgart, Frankfurt am Main, and Olsztyn (Poland), and is deputy director of the Stuttgart Research Centre for Text Studies. He has published monographs, editions and many articles on Early Modern Philosophy and Literature and Philosophy, including The Artist as Reader (Brill 2013).
Table of Contents
List of illustrations
Notes on Editors and Contributors
Values, Norms and Ideologies in Early Modern Inquiry: An Introduction
Reason and Common Culture in Early-Modern Natural Philosophy: Variations on an Epistemic Theme
Devices and Epistemic Values
Sixteenth-Century Hydraulic Engineers and the Emergence of Empiricism
Visual Perception and the Cartesian Concept of Mind: Descartes and the Camera Obscura
The Epistemology of Testimony
Testimony and Empiricism: John Sergeant, John Locke, and the Social History of Truth
Eight Days of Darkness in 1600: Hume on Whether Testimony Can Establish Miracles
Religion and Inquiry
Kepler’s Revolutionary Astronomy: Theological Unity as a Comprehensive View of the World
Natural Theology as Superstition: David Hume and the Changing Ideology of Natural Inquiry
The Problem of Parallels as a Protestant Issue in Eighteenth-Century Hungary
Values in Controversy
Newton’s Strategic Manoeuvring with Simple Colours and Diagrams: A Radical Historical Interpretation
Gábor Áron Zemplén
The Birth of Epistemological Controversy from the Spirit of Conflict Avoidance: Hobbes on Science and Geometry
The Methods and Epistemic Virtues of a ‘Science of Man’
Analytic and Synthetic Method in the Human Sciences: A Hope that Failed
The Science of Man and the Invention of Usable Traditions
Ethics in Epistemology
Francis Bacon on Charity and the Ends of Knowledge
Spinoza’s Ethics: A Dominion within a Dominion
What was Kant’s Critical Philosophy Critical of?