ISBN-10:
078641121X
ISBN-13:
9780786411214
Pub. Date:
03/05/2001
Publisher:
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Confronting War: An Examination of Humanity's Most Pressing Problem,4th Ed. / Edition 4

Confronting War: An Examination of Humanity's Most Pressing Problem,4th Ed. / Edition 4

by Ronald J. Glossop

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Overview

Confronting War: An Examination of Humanity's Most Pressing Problem,4th Ed. / Edition 4

This immensely successful textbook is broken into four parts. Part One: Introduction to the War Problem discusses the nature of the war problem, the conceptual framework, and the historical framework. Part Two: Causes of War talks about the cause of war, group competition and group identification, other views about causes of war, and the value of war. In Part Three: The Contemporary Situation, the reader will learn about ideological aspects, national-historical aspects, military aspects, institutional aspects, and legal aspects of the contemporary situation. Part Four: Proposals for Solving the War Problem discusses reforming the attitudes of individuals, reforming the internal operation of national governments, reforming the policies of national governments, and reforming the international system. It also includes maps, tables and charts which will be especially helpful to the reader.
Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780786411214
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 03/05/2001
Edition description: REVISED
Pages: 334
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Ronald J. Glossop is professor emeritus at Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville where he served as coordinator of the peace studies program for over 25 years. He is also the author of World Federation? (1993; “presents the case both for and against world government...excellent bibliography”—Choice).

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



List of Illustrations, Maps, and Charts x

Preface 1



Part One. INTRODUCTION TO THE WAR PROBLEM

1. The Nature of the War Problem 3

The Importance of the War Problem 4

The Four Aspects of the War Problem 5

2. The Conceptual Framework 10

The Meaning of the Term "War" 10

An Alternative to War? 15

The Meaning of the Term “Peace” 18

The Meaning of the Term “Justice” 20

The “Just War” Concept 23

Further Reflections on Peace and Justice 26

3. The Historical Framework 30

The History of Warfare Between Sovereign States 30

Wars Since 1946 35

The Changing Nature of War 47

The Present Urgency of the War Problem 53



PART TWO: CAUSES OF WAR

4. The Cause of War: General Considerations 57

Investigating the Cause of War 57

Individual Human Aggression 60

Individual Aggression and War 65

5. Group Competition and Group Identification 68

Arenas of Group Competition 68

Group Identification and Nationalism 75

Nationalism as a Cause of War 79

6. Other Views About Causes of War 84

Arms Races as a Cause of War 84

Military Planning as a Cause of War 86

Particular Villains as a Cause of War 87

War as an Effort to Suppress Internal Dissension 93

War as an Effort to Eliminate Injustice 94

The Absence of Peaceful Alternatives as a Cause of War 95

7. The Value of War 97

The Biological Value of War 97

The Technological Value of War 98

The Economic Value of War 99

The Psychological Value of War 101

The Social Value of War 102

The Moral Value of War 103

Will War Be Missed? 104



PART THREE: THE CONTEMPORARY SITUATION

8. Ideological Aspects of the Contemporary Situation 106

Some Basic Distinctions 106

Capitalistic Democracy 112

Communism (Marx, Lenin, and Mao) 117

Fascism (National Socialism) 123

The “End of History” Thesis 125

Religion and War 126

9. National-Historical Aspects of the Contemporary Situation 129

The U.S. Perspective 129

The Russian Perspective 136

The Western European Perspective 144

The Japanese Perspective 147

The Chinese Perspective 150

The Less Developed Countries 155

10. Military Aspects of the Contemporary Situation 159

The Post-World War II Struggle for Power 159

Deterrence Theory 160

The Cuban Missile Crisis 161

Modern Nuclear Weaponry 162

Missile Defense Systems 165

Modern Non-Nuclear Weaponry 168

Weapons and War 170

11. Institutional Aspects of the Contemporary Situation 171

The Structure of the United Nations 171

U.N. Peacekeeping and Nation-Building 174

Dominant Influences in the United Nations 182

Accomplishments of the United Nations 186

Worldwide Functional Agencies 190

Regional Functional and Political Organizations 192

International Nongovernmental Organizations 195

12. Legal Aspects of the Contemporary Situation 198

The Nature of International Law 198

The Evolution of International Law 200

Laws of War 203

The Sources of International Law 204

Enforcing International Law 205



PART FOUR: PROPOSALS FOR SOLVING THE WAR PROBLEM

13. Reforming the Attitudes of Individuals 209

Interest in Social Issues Including International Affairs 210

Skepticism and Tolerance 211

Taking Personal Responsibility 212

Reluctance to Use Violence 212

Unselfishness 213

Globalism and Humatriotism 214

World Citizenship 217

Looking Forward Rather Than Back 218

Overcoming Defeatism and Apathy 218

14. Reforming the Internal Operation of National Governments 220

The Western Approach 220

The Marxist Approach 223

The Gandhi-King Approach 226

15. Reforming the Policies of National Governments 229

Peace Through Military Strength 229

Peace Through Alliances 232

Peace Through Neutrality and Economic Self-Sufficiency 234

Peace Through Strictly Defensive Strength 235

Peace Through Civilian Defense 237

Peace Through Arms Control 239

Peace Through Renunciation of War 241

Peace Through Conciliatory Moves and Confidence-Building Measures 242

Peace Through Good Relations, Morality, and Cooperation 244

Peace Through Third-Party Involvement 248

Peace Through International Conflict Management 251

Peace Through Peace Research and Peace Education 254

16. Reforming the International System 257

Limiting National Sovereignty in Specific Situations 259

Consolidating Nations into Larger Units 265

World Government Through Federation 269

World Government Through Functionalism 275

World Government Through Direct Citizen Action 279



A Note to the Reader 285

Chapter Notes 287

Selected Bibliography 309

Index 313

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