ISBN-10:
1626161801
ISBN-13:
9781626161801
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Congress and Civil-Military Relations

Congress and Civil-Military Relations

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Overview

While the president is the commander in chief, the US Congress plays a critical and underappreciated role in civil-military relations--the relationship between the armed forces and the civilian leadership that commands it. This unique book edited by Colton C. Campbell and David P. Auerswald will help readers better understand the role of Congress in military affairs and national and international security policy. Contributors include the most experienced scholars in the field as well as practitioners and innovative new voices, all delving into the ways Congress attempts to direct the military.

This book explores four tools in particular that play a key role in congressional action: the selection of military officers, delegation of authority to the military, oversight of the military branches, and the establishment of incentives--both positive and negative--to encourage appropriate military behavior. The contributors explore the obstacles and pressures faced by legislators including the necessity of balancing national concerns and local interests, partisan and intraparty differences, budgetary constraints, the military's traditional resistance to change, and an ongoing lack of foreign policy consensus at the national level. Yet, despite the considerable barriers, Congress influences policy on everything from closing bases to drone warfare to acquisitions.

A groundbreaking study, Congress and Civil-Military Relations points the way forward in analyzing an overlooked yet fundamental government relationship.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781626161801
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Publication date: 03/17/2015
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Colton C. Campbell is a professor of national security strategy at the National War College, National Defense University. His books include the co-edited volume Congress and the Politics of National Security.

David P. Auerswald is a professor of strategy and policy at the National War College. His books include the coauthored NATO in Afghanistan: Fighting Together, Fighting Alone.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Congress and Civil-Military RelationsDavid P. Auerswald and Colton C. Campbell

Part One: Congressional Tools and Civil-Military Relations2. Presidential and Congressional Relations: An Evolution of Military Appointments Mitchel A. Sollenberger3. A Safety Valve: The Truman’s Committee Oversight during World War IIKatherine Scott4. The Political, Policy, and Oversight Roles of Congressional Defense CommissionsJordan Tama 5. Congress and "Their Military": Delegating to the Reserve ComponentsJohn Griswold6. Legislating “Military Entitlements”: A Challenge to the Congressional Abdication ThesisAlexis Lasselle Ross

Part Two: Parochial Versus National Interests7. Defense and the Two Congresses: Changes in the Policy—Parochialism BalanceChuck Cushman 8. Congress and New Ways of WarCharles A. Stevenson9. Closing Guantanamo: A Presidential Commitment UnfulfilledLouis Fisher10.Congress and Civil-Military Relations in Latin America and the Caribbean: Human Rights as a VehicleFrank O. Mora and Michelle Munroe11. Conclusion: The Future of Civil-Military RelationsDavid P. Auerswald and Colton C. CampbellList of ContributorsIndex

What People are Saying About This

James Thurber

Colton C. Campbell and David P. Auerswald have organized an impressive collection of essays that gives timely and lively perspectives on the important topic of contemporary congressional and civil-military relations. They combine multiple perspectives that feature accessible original academic research that will help students, scholars, and political practitioners understand relations between Congress and the military establishment.

Richard Kohn

This timely volume provides a valuable perspective on a subject often neglected and poorly understood by the defense community and the public. Significantly, these essays suggest how changes in congressional thinking and behavior have grown in influence on national defense—both to strengthen, and to weaken, the nation’s security.

Walter Oleszek

This edited volume is a thoughtful and significant study of a hugely important, but under-covered, topic: Congress and the military. The book merits the widest possible readership because its chapters, such as those on the evolution of military appointments or the role of congressional defense commissions, are filled with compelling analyses by acknowledged scholars in the field. This work of scholarship should be a must-read for people who are affiliated with Congress and the military, as well as students and citizens keen on learning about the Congress-military relationship: how and why it works as it does. There is no doubt that this book is a valuable achievement sure to promote a better understanding of two complex institutions and their interactions.

From the Publisher

"Colton C. Campbell and David P. Auerswald have organized an impressive collection of essays that gives timely and lively perspectives on the important topic of contemporary congressional and civil-military relations. They combine multiple perspectives that feature accessible original academic research that will help students, scholars, and political practitioners understand relations between Congress and the military establishment."—James Thurber, director and Distinguished Professor, Center for Congressional and Presidential Studies, American University

"This edited volume is a thoughtful and significant study of a hugely important, but under-covered, topic: Congress and the military. The book merits the widest possible readership because its chapters, such as those on the evolution of military appointments or the role of congressional defense commissions, are filled with compelling analyses by acknowledged scholars in the field. This work of scholarship should be a must-read for people who are affiliated with Congress and the military, as well as students and citizens keen on learning about the Congress-military relationship: how and why it works as it does. There is no doubt that this book is a valuable achievement sure to promote a better understanding of two complex institutions and their interactions."—Walter Oleszek, American University

"This timely volume provides a valuable perspective on a subject often neglected and poorly understood by the defense community and the public. Significantly, these essays suggest how changes in congressional thinking and behavior have grown in influence on national defense—both to strengthen, and to weaken, the nation's security."—Richard Kohn, Professor Emeritus of History and Peace, War, and Defense, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and former Chief of Air Force History for the USAF

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