ISBN-10:
1568023367
ISBN-13:
9781568023366
Pub. Date:
10/28/1997
Publisher:
Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
Congress and Its Members / Edition 6

Congress and Its Members / Edition 6

by Roger H. Davidson, Walter J. Oleszek

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781568023366
Publisher: Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
Publication date: 10/28/1997
Edition description: 6TH
Pages: 490
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

About the Author

Roger H. Davidson is professor emeritus of government and politics at the University of Maryland, and has served as visiting professor of political science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. During the 2001–2002 academic year, he served as the John Marshall Chair in political science at the University of Debrecen, Hungary. His books include Remaking Congress: Change and Stability in the 1990’s, co-edited with James A. Thurber (1995), and Understanding the Presidency, Seventh Edition, co-edited with James P. Pfiffner (2012). Davidson is co-editor with Donald C. Bacon and Morton Keller of The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress (1995).


Walter J. Oleszek is a senior specialist in the legislative process at the Congressional Research Service. He has served as either a full-time professional staff aide or consultant to every major House and Senate congressional reorganization effort beginning with passage of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970. In 1993 he served as Policy Director of the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress. A longtime adjunct faculty member at American University, Oleszek is a frequent lecturer to various academic, governmental, and business groups. He is the author or co-author of several books, including Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process, 10th ed. (2016), and Congress under Fire: Reform Politics and the Republican Majority, with C. Lawrence Evans (1997).


Frances E. Lee is professor of government and politics at the University of Maryland. She has been a Research Fellow at the Brookings Institution and an APSA Congressional Fellow. Most recently, she is the author of Insecure Majorities: Congress and the Perpetual Campaign (2016). She is also author of Beyond Ideology: Politics, Principles, and Partisanship in the U.S. Senate (2009), which received the Richard F. Fenno Jr. Prize for the best book on legislative politics in 2010 and the D. B. Hardeman Prize for the best book on the U.S. Congress published in 2009. She is co-author, with Bruce I. Oppenheimer, of Sizing Up the Senate: The Unequal Consequences of Equal Representation (1999). Her articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, Journal of Politics, Legislative Studies Quarterly, and American Journal of Political Science, among others.


Eric Schickler is Jeffrey & Ashley Mc Dermott Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Disjointed Pluralism: Institutional Innovation and the Development of the U.S. Congress (2001), which won the Richard F. Fenno Jr. Prize for the best book on legislative politics in 2002, and of Racial Realignment: The Transformation of American Liberalism, 1932–1965 (2016). He is also the co-author, with Donald Green and Bradley Palmquist, of Partisan Hearts and Minds (2002); with Gregory Wawro, of Filibuster: Obstruction and Lawmaking in the U.S. Senate (2006), which won the Fenno Prize in 2007; and, with Douglas Kriner, Investigating the President: Congressional Checks on Presidential Power (2016). His articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Legislative Studies Quarterly, and Studies in American Political Development, among others.

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Part 1In Search of the Two Congresses
1The Two Congresses3
The Dual Nature of Congress4
Divergent Views of Congress9
2Evolution of the Modern Congress13
Antecedents of Congress13
Congress in the Constitution17
Institutional Evolution26
Evolution of the Legislator's Job33
Conclusion39
Part 2A Congress of Ambassadors
3Going for It: Recruitment Roulette41
Formal Rules of the Game42
Districting in the House46
Becoming a Candidate58
Nominating Politics68
The Money Factor70
Conclusion83
4Making It: The Electoral Game85
Campaign Strategies86
Campaign Resources88
Campaign Techniques96
The Parallel Campaigns100
Who Votes?101
How Voters Decide104
Election Outcomes116
After the Election Is Over121
5Being There: Hill Styles and Home Styles123
Hill Styles124
Looking Homeward137
Office of the Member, Inc.145
Members and the Media151
Conclusion156
Part 3A Deliberative Assembly of One Nation
6Leaders and Parties in Congress159
Leaders of the House160
Leaders of the Senate173
Selection of Leaders183
Leadership Activities184
Party Caucuses, Committees, and Informal Groups189
Party Continuity and Change192
Conclusion197
7Committees: Workshops of Congress199
The Purposes of Committees200
Evolution of the Committee System202
Types of Committees203
The Assignment Process209
Committee Leadership217
Policy Making in Committee217
Committee Staff222
Committee Reform and Change224
Conclusion228
8Congressional Rules and Procedures231
Introduction of Bills233
Referral of Bills236
Scheduling in the House238
House Floor Procedures246
Scheduling in the Senate250
Senate Floor Procedures253
Resolving House-Senate Differences257
Conclusion260
9Decision Making in Congress263
The Power to Choose264
Types of Decisions265
Determinants of Voting273
Giving and Taking Cues282
Legislative Bargaining284
Conclusion289
Part 4Policy Making and Change in the Two Congresses
10Congress and the President293
The President as Legislator294
Lobbying Congress308
Sources of Legislative-Executive Cooperation312
Sources of Legislative-Executive Conflict315
The Balance of Power317
Conclusion319
11Congress, the Bureaucracy, and the Courts321
Congress Organizes the Executive Branch322
Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy335
Congress and the Courts342
Conclusion346
12Congress and Organized Interests349
A Nation of Joiners349
Pressure Group Methods351
Groups and the Electoral Connection357
Groups and Legislative Politics361
Informal Groups of Members363
Regulation of Lobbying364
Conclusion368
13Congress, Budgets, and Domestic Policy Making371
Definitions of Policy371
Stages of Policy Making372
Types of Domestic Policies375
Characteristics of Congressional Policy Making378
Congressional Budgeting380
The 1974 Budget Act386
The Dawn of the Surplus Era?389
Conclusion394
14Congress and National Security Policies397
Constitutional Powers398
Who Speaks for Congress?399
Types of Foreign and National Security Policies401
Structural Policies402
Strategic Policies406
Crisis Policies: The War Powers414
Conclusion: Congress and Globalization418
Conclusion
15The Two Congresses and the American People421
Congress-as-Politicians422
Congress-as-Institution426
Into the Third Century430
Reference Materials435
Appendix A.Party Control: Presidency, Senate, House, 1901-2001436
Appendix B.The Partisan Landscape, 2000: Presidential Voting by Congressional District438
Appendix C.Internships: Getting Experience on Capitol Hill440
Notes442
Suggested Readings483
Index489

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