Congress and Its Members

Congress and Its Members

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781506369747
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 06/10/2017
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 632
Sales rank: 1,003,141
File size: 6 MB

About the Author

Roger H. Davidson is professor emeritus of government and politics at the University of Maryland, and has served as visiting professor of political science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. During the 2001–2002 academic year, he served as the John Marshall Chair in political science at the University of Debrecen, Hungary. His books include Remaking Congress: Change and Stability in the 1990’s, co-edited with James A. Thurber (1995), and Understanding the Presidency, Seventh Edition, co-edited with James P. Pfiffner (2012). Davidson is co-editor with Donald C. Bacon and Morton Keller of The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress (1995).


Walter J. Oleszek is a senior specialist in the legislative process at the Congressional Research Service. He has served as either a full-time professional staff aide or consultant to every major House and Senate congressional reorganization effort beginning with passage of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970. In 1993 he served as Policy Director of the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress. A longtime adjunct faculty member at American University, Oleszek is a frequent lecturer to various academic, governmental, and business groups. He is the author or co-author of several books, including Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process, 10th ed. (2016), and Congress under Fire: Reform Politics and the Republican Majority, with C. Lawrence Evans (1997).


Frances E. Lee is professor of government and politics at the University of Maryland. She has been a Research Fellow at the Brookings Institution and an APSA Congressional Fellow. Most recently, she is the author of Insecure Majorities: Congress and the Perpetual Campaign (2016). She is also author of Beyond Ideology: Politics, Principles, and Partisanship in the U.S. Senate (2009), which received the Richard F. Fenno Jr. Prize for the best book on legislative politics in 2010 and the D. B. Hardeman Prize for the best book on the U.S. Congress published in 2009. She is co-author, with Bruce I. Oppenheimer, of Sizing Up the Senate: The Unequal Consequences of Equal Representation (1999). Her articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, Journal of Politics, Legislative Studies Quarterly, and American Journal of Political Science, among others.


Eric Schickler is Jeffrey & Ashley McDermott Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Disjointed Pluralism: Institutional Innovation and the Development of the U.S. Congress (2001), which won the Richard F. Fenno Jr. Prize for the best book on legislative politics in 2002, and of Racial Realignment: The Transformation of American Liberalism, 1932–1965 (2016). He is also the co-author, with Donald Green and Bradley Palmquist, of Partisan Hearts and Minds (2002); with Gregory Wawro, of Filibuster: Obstruction and Lawmaking in the U.S. Senate (2006), which won the Fenno Prize in 2007; and, with Douglas Kriner, Investigating the President: Congressional Checks on Presidential Power (2016). His articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Legislative Studies Quarterly, and Studies in American Political Development, among others.

Table of Contents

Tables, Figures, and Boxes
Preface
About the Authors
PART I In Search of the Two Congresses
1 The Two Congresses
The Dual Nature of Congress
The Two Congresses in Comparative Context
Divergent Views of Congress
2 Evolution of the Modern Congress
Antecedents of Congress
Congress in the Constitution
Institutional Evolution
Evolution of the Legislator’s Job
Conclusion
PART II A Congress of Ambassadors
3 Going for It: Recruitment and Candidacy
Formal Rules of the Game
Districting in the House
Becoming a Candidate
Nominating Politics
Conclusion
4 Making It: The Electoral Game
Campaign Strategies
Campaign Resources
Campaign Techniques
Who Votes?
How Voters Decide
Election Outcomes
Conclusion
5 Being There: Hill Styles and Home Styles
Hill Styles
Looking Homeward
Office of the Member Inc.
Members and the Media
Conclusion
PART III A Deliberative Assembly of One Nation
6 Leaders and Parties in Congress
The Speaker of the House
Leaders of the Senate
Selection of Leaders
Leadership Activities
Party Caucuses, Committees, and Informal Groups
Party Continuity and Change
Conclusion
7 Committees: Workshops of Congress
The Purposes of Committees
Evolution of the Committee System
Types of Committees
The Assignment Process
Committee Leadership
Policy Making in Committee
Committee Staff
Committee Reform and Change
Conclusion
8 Congressional Rules and Procedures
Introduction of Bills
Referral of Bills
Scheduling in the House
House Floor Procedures
Scheduling in the Senate
Senate Floor Procedures
Resolving House–Senate Differences
Conclusion
9 Decision Making in Congress
The Power to Choose
Types of Decisions
Determinants of Voting
Legislative Bargaining
Conclusion
PART IV Policy Making and Change in the Two Congresses
10 Congress and the President
Constitutional Powers
Leadership
Sources of Legislative–Executive Conflict and Cooperation
The Balance of Power
Conclusion
11 Congress and the Bureaucracy
Congress Organizes the Executive Branch
Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy
Conclusion
12 Congress and the Courts
The Federal Courts
The Court as Umpire
Advice and Consent for Judicial Nominees
Conclusion
13 Congress and Organized Interests
American Pluralism
Pressure Group Methods
Groups and the Electoral Connection
Groups, Lobbying, and Legislative Politics
Regulation of Lobbying
Conclusion
14 Congress, Budgets, and Domestic Policy Making
Stages of Policy Making
Types of Domestic Policies
Characteristics of Congressional Policy Making
Congressional Budgeting
The 1974 Budget Act
Conclusion
15 Congress and National-Security Policies
Constitutional Powers
Who Speaks for Congress?
Types of Foreign and National-Security Policies
Structural Policies
Strategic Policies
Crisis Policies: The War Powers
Conclusion
Part V Conclusion
16 The Two Congresses and the American People
Congress as Politicians
Congress as Institution
Twenty-First-Century Challenges
Reference Materials
Appendix A. Party Control: Presidency, Senate, House, 1901–2017
Appendix B. Internships: Getting Experience on Capitol Hill
Suggested Readings
Notes
Index

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