Congress and the People's Contest: The Conduct of the Civil War

Congress and the People's Contest: The Conduct of the Civil War


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The American Civil War was the first military conflict in history to be fought with railroads moving troops and the telegraph connecting civilian leadership to commanders in the field. New developments arose at a moment’s notice. As a result, the young nation’s political structure and culture often struggled to keep up. When war began, Congress was not even in session. By the time it met, the government had mobilized over 100,000 soldiers, battles had been fought, casualties had been taken, some civilians had violently opposed the war effort, and emancipation was under way.

This set the stage for Congress to play catch-up for much of the conflict. The result was an ongoing race to pass new laws and set policies. Throughout it all, Congress had to answer to a fractured and demanding public. In addition, Congress, no longer paralyzed by large numbers of Southern slave owners, moved forward on progressive economic and social issues—such as the transcontinental railroad and the land grant college act—which could not previously have been passed.

In Congress and the People’s Contest, Paul Finkelman and Donald R. Kennon have assembled some of the nation’s finest scholars of American history and law to evaluate the interactions between Congress and the American people as they navigated a cataclysmic and unprecedented war. Displaying a variety and range of focus that will make the book a classroom must, these essays show how these interactions took place—sometimes successfully, and sometimes less so.

Contributors: L. Diane Barnes, Fergus M. Bordewich, Jenny Bourne, Jonathan Earle, Lesley J. Gordon, Mischa Honeck, Chandra Manning, Nikki M. Taylor, and Eric Walther.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780821423059
Publisher: Ohio University Press
Publication date: 02/02/2018
Series: Perspective Hist of Congress 1801-1877 Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range: 3 Months to 18 Years

About the Author

Paul Finkelman is an expert on constitutional history, the law of slavery, and the American Civil War. He coedits the Ohio University Press series New Approaches to Midwestern Studies and is the president of Gratz College.

Donald R. Kennon is the former chief historian and vice president of the United States Capitol Historical Society. He is editor of the Ohio University Press series Perspectives on the History of Congress, 1789–1801.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Freedom and Democracy in "The People's Contest": A Complicated Role for Congress in a Complicated War Paul Finkelman 1

A Martyr, a Speaker, and Impending Crisis: A Prologue to the Election of 1860 Jonathan Earle 20

"Shatter This Accursed Union": The Fire-Eaters in Congress in 1860 Eric Walther 38

"These Zouaves Will Never Support Us": Cowardice, Congress, and the First Battle of Bull Run Lesley J. Gordon 59

The Summer of '62: Congress, Slavery, and a Revolution in Federal Law Paul Finkelman 81

The Radicals' War: How the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War Tried to Shape the Course of the Civil War Fergus M. Bordewich 113

We Are Coming, Father Abraham, but How Will You Pay for Us? Jenny Bourne 147

Why We Fight: German American Revolutionists Confront Slavery and Secession Mischa Honeck 163

Make Mine an Abolition War: George Luther Stearns, Frederick Douglass, and the Black Soldier L. Diane Barnes 185

Military Emancipation before the Emancipation Proclamation: Overcoming Structural Obstacles Chandra Manning 205

Negotiating Black Manhood Citizenship through Civil War Volunteerism and Patriotism: Cincinnati's Black Brigade Nikki M. Taylor 224

Contributors 237

Index 241

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