Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630?1710): A Case of Legal Pluralism in Early Modern Europe

Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630?1710): A Case of Legal Pluralism in Early Modern Europe

by Heikki Pihlajamaki




In Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630-1710), Heikki Pihlajamäki offers an exciting account of the law and judiciary in seventeenth-century Livonia. Immediately after Sweden conquered the province in the 1620s, a reorganization of the Livonian judiciary began. Its legal order became largely modelled after Swedish law, which differed in important ways from its Livonian counterpart. While Livonian legal tradition was firmly anchored in the European ius commune, the conquerors’ law was, by nature, not founded in legal learning. The volume convincingly demonstrates how the differences in legal cultures decisively affected the way Livonian judicial and procedural systems were shaped. Based on archival sources, the study presents an important contribution to the comparative legal history of the early modern period.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789004331525
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 01/19/2017
Series: The Northern World , #77
Pages: 300
Product dimensions: 0.63(w) x 0.94(h) x (d)

About the Author

Heikki Pihlajamäki is Professor of Comparative Legal History at the University of Helsinki. He has published extensively on the legal history of Scandinavia, Europe and America. His research covers a broad time-span from the early modern period to the twentieth century.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements vii

1 Introduction 1

1.1 The Research Questions 1

1.2 Archival Material 10

1.3 Previous Research 13

1.4 The Structure of the Book 18

2 The Outset: The Livonian and Swedish Legal Orders at the Time of the Swedish Conquest 21

2.1 Livonian Administration, Judiciary, and the Legal Procedure before the Swedish Conquest 21

2.2 Livonian Law and the Legal Sources: The European Context 41

2.3 Swedish Law before the Conquest of Livonia 64

2.4 Summary 82

3 The Reorganisation of the Livonian Judiciary under the Swedish Rule 85

3.1 The Alternatives: Colonial Systems and Their Judicial Organisations 85

3.2 Sweden's Other Overseas Possessions: Organizing the Judiciary in Estonia and the Reich 94

3.3 Reforming the Livonian Judicial Structure 100

3.4 The Personnel in Charge: Judges, Lawyers, and Administrators 135

3.5 Summary 149

4 The Procedure in the Livonian Courts of the Swedish Era 151

4.1 The Classification of Cases into Civil and Criminal 151

4.2 The Civil Procedure in the Lower Courts 153

4.3 The Criminal Procedure in the Lower Courts 172

4.4 The Cases and the Procedure at the High Court of Dorpat 216

4.5 The Revision Procedure 228

4.6 Summary: Legal Procedure in Seventeenth-Century Livonia 235

5 Transplanting Swedish Law? The Legal Sources at the Livonian Courts 238

5.1 The Theory of Legal Spheres 238

5.2 The Ius Commune in the Livonian Court Records 239

5.3 The Influence of Swedish Law in Livonia 244

5.4 The Livonian Legal Sources 246

5.5 Divine Law and Natural Law 248

5.6 The Theory and the Practice of Legal Sources: Europe and Livonia 249

6 Conclusions 256

6.1 The Starting Point: Livonian and Swedish Law before the Conquest 256

6.2 The Organization of the Judiciary in Swedish Livonia 258

6.3 The Judicial Procedure 259

6.4 Legal Sources in the Courts of Swedish Livonia 262

Sources and Bibliography 265

Archival Sources 265

Printed Sources 265

Literature 266

Index 291

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews