Constitutional Protection of Human Rights in Latin America: A Comparative Study of Amparo Proceedings

Constitutional Protection of Human Rights in Latin America: A Comparative Study of Amparo Proceedings

by Allan R. Brewer-Carias

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Overview

Constitutional Protection of Human Rights in Latin America: A Comparative Study of Amparo Proceedings by Allan R. Brewer-Carias

Together with the expansive process of human rights constitutional declarations, in addition to the writ of habeas corpus and of habeas data, Latin American constitutions created a specific judicial remedy for the protection of constitutional rights, known as the suit, action, recourse, or writ of amparo. After spreading throughout Latin America, it was incorporated in the American Convention of Human Rights. It is similar to the "injunctions" and the other equitable remedies of the United States legal system. This book examines, with a comparative constitutional law approach, the most recent trends in the constitutional and legal regulations in all Latin American countries regarding the amparo proceeding. It is an up-to-date abridged version of the course of lectures the author gave at the Columbia Law School analyzing the regulations of the seventeen amparo statutes in force in Latin America, as well as the regulation on the amparo guarantee established in Article 25 of the American Convention of Human Rights.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781107677937
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 01/02/2014
Pages: 450
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.98(d)

About the Author

Law Degree (Summa Cum Laude) (1962) and Doctor of Laws (1964), Central University of Venezuela. Since 1963 he has been Professor at the Central University of Venezuela. He was the Director of the Public Law Institute at the same University (1978�9), and has been Professor in post-graduate courses in the Law Faculties at the University of Cambridge (LLM), UK; the University of Paris II; the University of Rosario and the University Extern ado of Colombia in Bogot�. In 2006 and 2007, he has been Adjunct Professor of Law at the Columbia Law School, University of Columbia, New York. In 1981 he was awarded with the National Sciences Prize of Venezuela, for his achievements in law and institutional studies. He is a Vice-President of the International Academy of Comparative Law (The Hague); a Member of the Board of Directors of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights; and a Member of the Venezuelan National Academy of Political and Social Sciences, where he served as President in 1997�. In Venezuela, he has been Senator for the Federal District; Head of the Presidential Commission on Administrative Reform and Minister for Decentralization; and was elected Member of the National Constituent Assembly in 1999. Since 1980, he has been the Director of the Public Law Journal (Revista de Derecho P�blico) of Venezuela and has extensively published books and articles on constitutional and administrative law. Cambridge University Press published his 1985 book, Judicial Review in Comparative Law. Since 1974 he has been a Partner of the law firm Baumeister & Brewer in Caracas.

Table of Contents

Part I. The Constitutional and International Declarations of Human Rights and Its Judicial Guaranties: 1. The constitutional declarations of human rights in Latin America and its internationalization; 2. Judicial guaranties of the declarations of human rights; Part II. The Amparo as a Latin American Constitutional and International Law Institution: 3. Judicial review and amparo proceeding in Latin America; 4. The amparo action in countries that only apply the diffuse system of judicial review of legislation; 5. The amparo action in countries that only apply the concentrated method of judicial review of legislation; 6. The amparo as a constitutional right in countries with mixed systems of judicial review of legislation; 7. The amparo as a constitutional guaranty in countries with mixed systems of judicial review of legislation; 8. The American Convention on Human Rights and the internationalization of the amparo in Latin America; Part III. The Injured Party and the Constitutional Rights Protected by Means of the Amparo Proceedings: 9. The injured party: the plaintiff and the rules of standing; 10. The justiciable constitutional rights by means of the amparo and habeas corpus actions; 11. The question of the justiciability of social constitutional rights by means of the amparo action; Part IV. The Injury, the Injuring Party, and the Injuring Acts in the Amparo Proceeding: 12. The general conditions of the injury (harms and threats); 13. The reparable character of the harms and the restorative character of the amparo proceeding; 14. The imminent character of the threats and the preventive character of the amparo proceeding; 15. The injuring party: the defendant (public entities or private individuals); 16. The injuring actions and omissions of public authorities causing the harm or the threats; Part V. The Extraordinary Character of the Amparo Proceeding: 17. The question of the admissibility of the amparo and its relation with the ordinary judicial means; 18. The main principles of the procedure in the amparo proceeding; 19. The adjective configuration of the main phases of the amparo proceeding; 20. The adjudication in the amparo proceeding and the preliminary protective measures; 21. The definitive judicial adjudication in the amparo suit; 22. The revision of the amparo decisions by the Constitutional Court or the Supreme Court.

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