ISBN-10:
0495739154
ISBN-13:
9780495739159
Pub. Date:
01/28/2008
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Contemporary Moral Problems

Contemporary Moral Problems

by James E. White

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780495739159
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 01/28/2008
Edition description: New Edition
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author


James E. White received a Ph.D. from the University of Colorado and is retired after teaching at Saint Cloud State University in Minnesota.

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
Chapter 1Ethical Theories1
Introduction2
James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Scepticism10
John Arthur: Religion, Morality, and Conscience19
Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Natural Law27
David Hume: Morality is Based on Sentiment30
William H. Shaw: Ethical Relativism34
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism38
Immanuel Kant: The Categorical Imperative44
Aristotle: Happiness and Virtue50
John Rawls: A Theory of Justice60
Jean Grimshaw: The Idea of a Female Ethic66
Problem Cases74
Suggested Readings77
Chapter 2Abortion81
Introduction82
The U.S. Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973)88
John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History98
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion104
Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion114
Don Marquis: An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong126
Elizabeth Harman: Creation Ethics138
Problem Cases148
Suggested Readings154
Chapter 3Euthanasia and the Duty to Die157
Introduction158
James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia163
Bonnie Steinbock: The Intentional Termination of Life168
Phillippa Foot: Killing and Letting Die174
John Harris: The Survival Lottery180
Peter Singer: Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia186
John Hardwig: Is There a Duty to Die?192
Problem Cases204
Suggested Readings209
Chapter 4Capital Punishment213
Introduction214
The U.S. Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976)214
Immanuel Kant: The Retributive Theory of Punishment229
Ernest van den Haag: The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment231
Jeffrey H. Reiman: Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty238
Problem Cases249
Suggested Readings252
Chapter 5Sexuality and Marriage255
Introduction256
The Vatican: Declaration on Sexual Ethics260
John Corvino: Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality266
David Bradshaw: A Reply to Corvino277
Martha Nussbaum: Plato and Aristotle on Love284
Sam Schulman: Gay Marriage-and Marriage285
Jonathan Rauch: Who Needs Marriage?294
Problem Cases303
Suggested Readings308
Chapter 6Liberty and Drugs311
Introduction312
John Stuart Mill: On Liberty316
John Hospers: What Libertarianism Is321
Gerald Dworkin: Paternalism330
Thomas Szasz: The Ethics of Addiction343
James Q. Wilson: Against Legalization of Drugs351
Daniel Shapiro: Addiction and Drug Policy360
Problem Cases367
Suggested Readings371
Chapter 7The Moral Status of Animals373
Introduction374
Immanuel Kant: Our Duties to Animals377
Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal377
Tom Regan: The Case for Animal Rights379
Mary Anne Warren: Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position396
Roger Scruton: The Moral Status of Animals403
Problem Cases408
Suggested Readings410
Chapter 8The Environment and Consumption413
Introduction414
Aldo Leopold: The Land Ethic419
J. Baird Callicot: Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair430
Alan Thein Durning: The Environmental Costs of Consumption447
Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality455
Problem Cases464
Suggested Readings470
Chapter 9War and Terrorism473
Introduction480
Douglas P. Lackey: Pacifism480
William V. O'Brien: The Conduct of Just and Limited War494
Haig Khatchadourian: The Morality of Terrorism507
Laurie Calhoun: The Terrorist's Tacit Message520
David Luban: The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights527
Michael G. Knapp: The Concept and Practice of Jihad in Islam534
Problem Cases545
Suggested Readings555
Index559

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