Contemporary Urban Planning / Edition 10

Contemporary Urban Planning / Edition 10

by John M. Levy
ISBN-10:
0205851738
ISBN-13:
2900205851736
Pub. Date:
03/08/2012
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis

Paperback

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Overview

Contemporary Urban Planning / Edition 10

Contemporary Urban Planning provides students with in-depth coverage of the historic, economic, political, legal, and environmental factors affecting urban planning. With updated coverage of the Obama administration's response to the 2009 economic downturn, John M. Levy also addresses the most pressing issues in urban development today-including the subprime mortgage, crisis and home foreclosures, federal funding for public transportation, and new standards for "green" buildings.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900205851736
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 03/08/2012
Edition description: NE
Pages: 464
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

John M. Levy is a Professor at Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University, USA.

Table of Contents

Part 1 The Background and Development of Contemporary Planning

1 An Overview 1

The Need for Planning 1

The Specific Concerns of Planning 3

Who Are the Planners? 4

Professional Organizations 5

Satisfactions and Discontents 6

Useful Abilities 7

The Plan of This Book 7

Note 8

2 The Urbanization of America 9

Urbanization in the Nineteenth Century 9

Urban Trends in the Twentieth Century 15

Summary 26

Notes 27

Selected Bibliography 28

3 The History of Planning: Part I 29

Colonial America 30

Limited Means and Growing Problems 32

The Pressure for Reform 33

The Birth of Modern City Planning 40

The Public Control of Private Property 42

The Emergence of Regional and State Planning 47

Grander Visions 50

Summary 53

Notes 54

Selected Bibliography 55

4 The History of Planning: Part II 56

Planning and the Great Depression 57

The Postwar Period 60

Summary 68

Notes 69

Selected Bibliography 69

Part 2 The Structure and Practice of Contemporary Planning

5 The Legal Basis of Planning 70

The Constitutional Framework 70

Public Control over Private Property 72

The Rights of Nonresidents 81

The Fight over Eminent Domain 84

State-Enabling Legislation 86

The Federal Role 88

Summary 91

Notes 91

Selected Bibliography 92

6 Planning and Politics 93

Why Is Planning Political? 93

Planners and Power 95

The Fragmentation of Power 96

Styles of Planning 99

How Planning Agencies Are Organized 101

Summary 105

Notes 105

Selected Bibliography 106

7 The Social Issues 107

The Social Issues in Planning for Housing 108

Other Issues 117

Who Does Social Planning? 120

Summary 120

Notes 121

Selected Bibliography 122

8 The Comprehensive Plan 123

The Goals of Comprehensive Planning 123

The Comprehensive Planning Process 125

How Effective Are Comprehensive Plans? 132

Summary 133

Notes 134

Selected Bibliography 135

9 The Tools of Land-Use Planning 136

Public Capital Investment 136

Land-Use Controls 139

Making Zoning More Flexible 149

Form-Based Zoning 160

Other Types of Local Land-Use Controls 163

Combining Capital Investment and Land-Use Controls 165

Forces Beyond Local Control 166

Summary 168

Notes 169

Selected Bibliography 171

Part 3 Fields of Planning

10 Urban Design 172

What Is Urban Design? 174

The Urban Design Process 181

What Is Good Urban Design? 183

Replanning Suburbia: The Neotraditionalists 189

Edge City 195

Visions of the City of the Future 199

Coming to Terms with the Automobile 203

Summary 204

Notes 205

Selected Bibliography 205

11 Urban Renewal and Community Development 207

Urban Renewal 208

Community Development 216

The Housing Question 220

Planning for Housing 222

The Housing Bubble and the Problem of Abandonment 225

Summary 230

Notes 231

Selected Bibliography 233

12 Transportation Planning 234

Recent Trends in Urban Transportation 234

Paying for Transportation 238

Transportation Planning and Land Use 239

The Transportation Planning Process 241

Changes in the Federal Role 249

Fine-Tuning the System 250

The Growing Role of Tolls and Privatization 252

Smart Highways, Intelligent Vehicles, and New Machines 254

Summary 256

Notes 257

Selected Bibliography 258

13 Economic Development Planning 259

Historic Roots 260

Perspectives on Local Economic Development 261

State Economic Development Efforts 264

Local Economic Development Programs 265

Summary 273

Notes 274

Selected Bibliography 275

14 Growth Management, Smart Growth, and Sustainable Development 276

The Origins of Growth Management 277

Winners and Losers in Growth Management 279

A Sampling of Local Growth Management Programs 281

State-Level Growth Management 284

Growth Management-Pro or Con? 289

The Challenge of Smart Growth 290

Planning for Sustainability 293

Summary 299

Notes 300

Selected Bibliography 302

15 Environmental and Energy Planning 303

The Environmental Planning Problem 303

Environmental Progress at the National Level 304

The Question of Global Climate Change 305

Environmental Policy During the Bush and Obama Adrninistrarion 309

The Intergovernment Context of Environmental Planning 311

Economic and Political Issues in Environmental Planning 316

Local Environmental Planning 320

An Example of Environmental Planning 323

Energy Planning 326

Summary 331

Notes 332

Selected Bibliography 333

6 Planning for Metropolitan Regions 334

The Political Problem 334

A Brief History of Metropolitan-Area Planning 336

Minneapolis-St Paul: A Tale of Two Cities 340

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey 342

The Atlanta Regional Commission 348

Summary 350

Notes 351

Selected Bibliography 352

Part 4 Larger Questions

17 National Planning in the United States 353

Is There National Planning in the United States? 353

The Pattern of Land Settlement 354

Establishing the Rail Network 355

Water and the West 357

Systematic Regional Planning 361

The Interstate Highway System 363

Financing the Suburbs 366

Land Management 369

What's Next? 370

Summary 371

Notes 371

Selected Bibliography 372

18 Planning in Other Nations 373

Planning in Western Europe 373

Planning in Eastern Europe 400

Planning in the Third World 406

A Look Ahead 411

Summary 412

Notes 413

Selected Bibliography 415

19 Planning Theory 416

Is Theory Necessary? 416

A Distinction Between Public and Private Planning 417

The Process of Planning 418

Advocacy Planning 425

Planning from Right and Left 426

Summary 433

Notes 434

Selected Bibliography 435

Index 436

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