The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) has an ongoing and longstanding commitment to HIV/AIDS research, particularly related to the prevention of perinatal, pediatric, adolescent, and maternal HIV transmission. The Institute’s support for research related to the development, use, and acceptability of contraceptive microbicides remains an important part of this commitment, especially given the increasing rates of heterosexually transmitted HIV-infection among teenage girls and women, both domestically and internationally.
This report on the Institute’s Contraceptive Microbicide Research and Development Program provides an overview of our currently supported activities and anticipated short-term plans and priorities in this area. It also describes briefly the Institute’s wide range of collaborative partnerships with other National Institutes of Health (NIH) Institutes and Centers, federal and non-governmental agencies, and private sector organizations interested in microbicide research.
Within the Institute, the NICHD HIV/AIDS Coordinating Committee contributes to the overall coordination, integration, planning, and assessment of our AIDS program. During the past year, the AIDS Committee has formed a Contraceptive Microbicide Coordinating Subcommittee to provide additional attention to the Institute’s expanding research agenda related to the development of contraceptive methods that also are effective in preventing HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections. The members of this Subcommittee (listed in Appendix B) were instrumental in the development and writing of this report.
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