Controlling the Greenhouse Effect: Five Global Regimes Compared

Controlling the Greenhouse Effect: Five Global Regimes Compared

by Joshua M. Epstein, Raj Gupta


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Controlling the Greenhouse Effect: Five Global Regimes Compared by Joshua M. Epstein, Raj Gupta

Roughly 30 percent of the solar radiation directed toward the earth is reflected directly back into outer space. The remaining 70 percent is absorbed by earth and re-emitted outward as long-wave—or infra-red—radiation. While transparent to incoming solar radiation, certain gases--notably carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, and chlorofluorocarbons—absorb, or "trap," this outgoing infra-red radiation near the earth's surface, producing an increase in temperature. This is the so-called greenhouse effect. The greater the concentration of these greenhouse gases, the more pronounced will be the effect. Despite uncertainties, the scientific consensus recorded at Villach, Austria, in 1985 was that "the understanding of the greenhouse question is sufficiently developed that scientists and policy-makers should begin an active collaboration to explore the effectiveness of alternatives and adjustments." The recent scientific assessment of climate change, conducted under the auspices of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, has only strengthened the view that a concerted multilateral response is called for.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780815724650
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Publication date: 10/01/1990
Series: Brookings Occasional Papers
Pages: 40
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.20(d)

About the Author

Joshua M. Epstein is senior fellow in the Brookings Foreign Policy Studies program and teaches at Princeton University. He is author of Strategy and Force Planning: The Case of the Persian Gulf (1987). The Calculus of Conventional War (1985), and The 1987 Defense Budget and The 1988 Defense Budget. Raj Gupta is a consultant to Brookings and works in risk arbitage at Goldman Sachs.

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