This book represents emerging alternative perspectives to the “constructivist” orthodoxy that currently dominates the field of science and technology studies. Various contributions from distinguished Americans and Europeans in the field, provide arguments and evidence that it is not enough simply to say that science is “socially situated.” Controversial Science focuses on important political, ethical, and broadly normative considerations that have yet to be given their due, but which point to a more realistic and critical perspective on science policy.
|Publisher:||State University of New York Press|
|Series:||SUNY series in Science, Technology, and Society Series|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)|
About the Author
Thomas Brante is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Steve Fuller is Associate Professor at the Center for Study of Science in Society at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and he is the author of Philosophy of Science and Its Discontents and Social Epistemology.
William Lynch is Doctoral Fellow in the History of Science and Technology Program at Cornell University.
Table of Contents
PART I. CONTENTS: CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES AND THEORETICAL PROPOSALS
The Feminist Challenge to Social Studies of Science
Science, Sociology of Science, and the Anarchist Tradition
Counteranalysis: Toward Social and Normative Restraints on the Production and Use of Scientific and Technological Knowledge
Bringing the Scientist Back In: The Need for an Alternative Sociology of Scientific Knowledge
Biotechnology and Ethics
A Strategy for Making Science Studies Policy Relevant
Science as the Continuation of Politics by Other Means
Close Encounters of the Third Kind: Science and the Context of Relevance
PART II. CONTENTIONS: EMPIRICAL STUDIES OF CONTROVERSIES
Reasons for Studying Scientific and Science-Based Controversies
Comparing "Tool Controveries": Science, Contexts, Institutional Power, and the Development of Medical Controversies
Causal Stories, Scientific Information, and the Ozone Depletion Controversy: Intrusive Scenarios in the Policy Process
Value Communities in Science: The Recombinant DNA Case
The Image of Man in Sociobiology
Cultural Bias and Regulating Risky Technologies: The Dutch Debate on Regulating LPG-Related Activities
Rob Hoppe and Rob Pranger
Ethical Controversies of Science and Society: A Relation Between Two Spheres of Social Conflict