Cooperative Cognitive Radio Networks: The Complete Spectrum Cycle

Cooperative Cognitive Radio Networks: The Complete Spectrum Cycle

by Mohamed Ibnkahla

Paperback

$98.95

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781138892781
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 10/01/2017
Product dimensions: 6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

Mohamed Ibnkahla is a full professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. He holds a Ph.D and Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches from the Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, France. Dr. Ibnkahla led several national and international projects in wireless communications, wireless sensor networks, and cognitive radio technology. A popular invited speaker, he has authored 5 books and more than 150 book chapters and journal and conference papers. He serves as the editor of a number of international journals and book series, and is a registered professional engineer of Ontario, Canada.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

Author

Introduction to Cognitive Radio

Introduction

Cognitive Radio Framework

Definition of Cognitive Radio

Functions of Cognitive Radio Framework

Transceiver Architecture

Critical Design Challenges

Functions of the Spectrum Management Process

Paradigms of Cognitive Radio

Interweave Paradigm

Underlay Paradigm

Overlay Paradigm

Summary

Organization of This Book

References

Spectrum Sensing

Introduction

Spectrum Sensing

Matched Filtering (Coherent Detector)

Energy Detector

Feature Detection

Comparison

Design Trade-Off and Challenges

Multiband Spectrum Sensing

Introduction

Serial Spectrum Sensing Techniques

Parallel Spectrum Sensing (Multiple Single-Band Detectors)

Wavelet Sensing

Compressed Sensing

Angle-Based Sensing

Blind Sensing

Other Algorithms

Comparison

Conclusion

References

Cooperative Spectrum Acquisition

Introduction

Basics of Cooperative Spectrum Sensing

Hard Combining

Soft Combining

Hybrid Combining

Cooperative Spectrum Access in Multiband Cognitive Radio Networks

Examples of Cooperative Spectrum Acquisition Techniques

Decision-Based CSS Using Energy Detection

Performance Analysis

Cooperative Transmission Techniques

Chase-Combining Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request

Cooperative Diversity

Selective Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Strategies

Dual-Threshold Selective CSS Strategy

Maximum Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Strategy

Maximum–Minimum CSS Strategy

Comparison and Discussion

Conclusion

Conclusion

References

Cooperative Spectrum Acquisition in the Presence of Interference

Introduction

Chase-Combining HARQ

Performance Results

Regenerative Cooperative Diversity

Average Spectral Efficiency

Outage Probability

Error Probability

Simulation Results

Conclusions

Spectrum Underlay

Underlay Access

Relaying Using Decode and Forward (DF)

Relaying Using AF

Incremental Relaying

Simulation Results and Illustrations

Error Probability

Conclusion

References

Spectrum Sensing: Performance Measures and Design Trade-Offs

Introduction

Receiver Operating Characteristics

Single Band

Cooperative Spectrum Sensing

Multiband Cognitive Radio

Throughput Performance Measures

Fundamental Limits and Trade-Offs

Sensing Time Optimization

Diversity and Sampling Trade-Offs

Power Control and Interference Limits Trade-Offs

Resource Allocation Trade-Offs

Conclusion

References

Spectrum Handoff

Introduction

Spectrum Mobility

Relationship with Other Spectrum Management Functions

Spectrum Handoff Strategies

Nonhandoff Strategy

Reactive Handoff Strategy

Proactive Handoff Strategy

Hybrid Handoff Strategy

Comparison

Design Requirements for Spectrum Mobility Management

Transport-Layer Protocol Adaptation

Cross-Layer Link Maintenance and Optimization

Search for Best Backup Channel

Channel Contention during Spectrum Handoff

Common Control Channel

Performance Metrics

Mathematical Models for Spectrum Handoff

Performance of Spectrum Handoff Strategies

Time Relationship Model of Spectrum Handoff

MB-CRN Handoff

Conclusion

References

MAC Protocols in Cognitive Radio Networks

Introduction

Functionality of MAC Protocol in Spectrum Access

Difference between Traditional MAC and CR MAC

Centralized versus Distributed Architectures

Concept of Common Control Channel in CR MAC

Classification of MAC protocols

Interframe Spacing and MAC Challenges in the Absence of CCC

Interframe Spacing in CSMA-/CA-Based Protocols

MAC Challenges in the Absence of CCC

Network Setup in the Absence of CCC

Fair Allocation of CCC

QoS in CR MAC

Distributed QoS-Aware Cognitive MAC (QC-MAC) Protocol

QoS-Aware MAC (QA-MAC) Protocol

Mobility Management

Primary User Experience and Mobility Support with CCC

Mobility Support without CCC

Conclusion

References

Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks: Network Models and Local Control Schemes

Introduction

Cognitive Radio Networks Versus CRAHN

Spectrum Sharing in CRAHN

MAC Protocols in CRAHN

Scaling Laws of CRAHN

CRAHN Models

Spectrum Availability Map

Spectrum Availability Probability

Variable-Size Spectrum Bands

Multichannel Multiradio Support

Resultant Channel Model

Local and Global Information

Local Control in Spectrum Management

Game-Theoretic Approach

Graph Coloring–Based Algorithms

Partially Observable Markov Decision Process

Bioinspired Schemes

Local Control Schemes for Spectrum Sharing

How to Apply Local Control Schemes in CRAHN?

Framework of Local Control Schemes

Fairness in Spectrum Sharing

Protocol Design and Illustrations

Conclusion

References

Medium Access in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks

Introduction

Network Model and Requirements

System Model

Requirements

CM-MAC: CSMA-/CA-Based MAC Protocol for CRAHNs

Protocol Description

Channel Aggregation

Spectrum Access and Sharing

Mobility Support

Analytical Analysis

Mobility Effect

Throughput

Case Study

Numerical Results

Conclusions

References

Routing in Multihop Cognitive Radio Networks

Introduction

Routing Problems in Cognitive Radio Networks

Classification of Cognitive Radio Networks

Spectrum Knowledge

PU Activity

Centralized and Basic Distributed Protocols

Centralized Protocols

Distributed Protocols

Control Information

Source- or Destination-Based Routing

Geographical Protocol for Dynamic Networks

Initial Route Setup

Greedy Forwarding

PU Avoidance

Joint Channel-Path Optimization

Simulations and Illustrations

Opportunistic Cognitive Radio Multihop Protocol

Protocol Overview

OCR Performance Metrics

Probabilistic Formulations

Further Improvements

Simulation Results and Illustrations

Summary of Protocols

Conclusion

References

Economics of Cognitive Radio

Introduction

Game Theory

Strategic-Form Game Model

Market Evolution and Equilibrium

Cooperative Trading Model for Cognitive Radio

Fixed-Price Trading Model

Auction Models

Single-Sided Auctions

Double-Sided Auctions

Simulations and Illustrations

Fixed-Price Markets

Single-Sided Auctions

Areas for Future Research

Conclusions

References

Security Concerns in Cognitive Radio Networks

Introduction

Security Properties in Cognitive Radio Networks

Trust for Cognitive Radio Security

Foundation of Trust Evaluation

Fundamental Axioms of Trust

Trust Models

Effect of Trust Management

Route Disruption Attacks

Introduction

Liu–Wang Security Mechanisms

Illustrations of Liu–Wang’s Security Mechanisms

Jamming Attacks

Introduction

System Model

Optimal Strategy with Perfect Knowledge

Illustrations for Wu–Wang–Liu’s Model

PU Emulation Attacks

Transmitter Verification Scheme for Spectrum Sensing

Chen–Park–Reed’s Noninteractive Localization of Primary Signal Transmitters

Simulation Results of the Chen–Park–Reed Scheme

Conclusion

References

Index

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