ISBN-10:
0078034930
ISBN-13:
2900078034939
Pub. Date:
02/08/2012
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Education
Core Concepts in Cultural Anthropology / Edition 5

Core Concepts in Cultural Anthropology / Edition 5

by Robert Lavenda
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900078034939
    Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
    Publication date: 02/08/2012
    Edition description: NE
    Pages: 288
    Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

    Table of Contents

    Preface ix

    Chapter 1 Anthropology 1

    1.1 An Anthropological Perspective 2

    1.2 The Subfields of Anthropology 3

    1.3 Is Anthropology a Science? Modernism, Postmodernism, and Beyond 10

    1.4 Reflexive Anthropology 11

    Chapter 2 Culture 15

    2.1 Culture Against Racism: The Early Twentieth Century 16

    2.2 The Evolution of Culture 19

    2.3 Culture and Symbolism 21

    2.4 Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism 23

    2.5 The Boundaries of Culture? 25

    2.6 The Concept of Culture in a Global World: Problems and Practices 27

    2.7 Culture: Contemporary Discussion and Debate 30

    2.8 Culture: A Contemporary Consensus 32

    Chapter 3 Language 33

    3.1 Studying Language: A Historical Sketch 34

    3.2 The Building Blocks of Language 37

    3.3 Language and Culture 39

    3.4 Language and Society 41

    3.5 Discourse 44

    3.6 Language Contact and Change 47

    Chapter 4 Culture and the Individual 51

    4.1 From Individualism to Agency 52

    4.2 Culture and Personality 54

    4.3 Enculturation 56

    4.4 The Self 59

    4.5 Cognition and Cognitive Anthropology 61

    4.6 Cognitive Styles 63

    4.7 Emotion 64

    Chapter 5 Expressive Culture: Religion, Worldview, and Art 67

    5.1 Religion 68

    5.2 Myth 71

    5.3 Ritual 72

    5.4 Magic and Witchcraft 75

    5.5 Religious Practitioners 80

    5.6 Change in Religious Systems 81

    5.7 Art 83

    5.8 The Anthropology of Media 86

    Chapter 6 The Dimensions of Social Organization 89

    6.1 What Is Social Organization? 90

    6.2 Dimensions of Social Organization 92

    6.3 Caste and Class 96

    6.4 Race 100

    6.5 Ethnicity 101

    6.6 Gender 103

    6.7 Sexuality 106

    Chapter 7 Political Anthropology 109

    7.1 Power 110

    7.2 Political Ecology and Political Economy112

    7.3 Disputes and Dispute Resolution 114

    7.4 Forms of Political Organization 116

    7.5 Social Stratification 119

    7.6 Forms of Political Activity 120

    7.7 Social Control and Law 123

    7.8 Nationalism and Hegemony 125

    Chapter 8 Economic Anthropology 131

    8.1 The "Arts of Subsistence" 132

    8.2 Subsistence Strategies 133

    8.3 Explaining the Material Life Processes of Society 136

    8.4 Modes of Exchange 139

    8.5 Production, Distribution, and Consumption 141

    8.6 Mode of Production 143

    8.7 Peasants 144

    8.8 Consumption 148

    Chapter 9 Relatedness: Kinship and Descent 153

    9.1 Kinship Versus Biology 154

    9.2 Descent 156

    9.3 Bilateral Descent 157

    9.4 Unilineal Descent 159

    9.5 Kinship Terminologies 163

    Chapter 10 Marriage and Family 167

    10.1 What Is Marriage? 168

    10.2 Whom to Marry and Where to Live 169

    10.3 How Many Spouses? 171

    10.4 Marriage as Alliance 173

    10.5 Family 175

    Chapter 11 Globalization and the Culture of Capitalism 179

    11.1 The Cultural Legacy of Colonialism 180

    11.2 Analyzing Sociocultural Change in the Postcolonial World 183

    11.3 Globalization 189

    11.4 The Cultural Effects of Contact 192

    11.5 Globalization, Citizenship, and Human Rights 195

    Chapter 12 Theory in Cultural Anthropology 201

    12.1 Anthropology as Science 202

    12.2 Nineteenth-Century Approaches 203

    12.3 Early-Twentieth-Century Approaches 205

    12.4 Mid-Twentieth-Century Approaches 209

    12.5 Late-Twentieth-Century Debates 218

    12.6 New Directions in the Twenty-First Century 222

    Appendix Reading Ethnography 227

    The Parts of an Ethnography 227

    The Use of Indigenous and Local Terms 231

    The Photographs 232

    Why Are You Reading This Ethnography (and How Should You Read It)? 234

    Bibliography 239

    Index 250

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