From being the occupation of a marginal (and frequently marginalised) group of researchers, the linguistic analysis of machine-readable language corpora has moved to the mainstream of research on the English language. In this process an impressive body of results has accumulated which, over and above the intrinsic descriptive interest it holds for students of the English language, forces a major and systematic re-thinking of foundational issues in linguistic theory. Corpus linguistics and linguistic theory was accordingly chosen as the motto for the twentieth annual gathering of ICAME, the International Computer Archive of Modern/ Medieval English, which was hosted by the University of Freiburg (Germany) in 1999. The present volume, which presents selected papers from this conference, thus builds on previous successful work in the computer-aided description of English and at the same time represents an attempt at stock-taking and methodological reflection in a linguistic subdiscipline that has clearly come of age.Contributions cover all levels of linguistic description - from phonology/ prosody, through grammar and semantics to discourse-analytical issues such as genre or gender-specific linguistic usage. They are united by a desire to further the dialogue between the corpus-linguistic community and researchers working in other traditions. Thereby, the atmosphere ranges from undisguised skepticism (as expressed by Noam Chomsky in an interview which is part of the opening contribution by Bas Aarts) to empirically substantiated optimism (as, for example, in Bernadette Vine's significantly titled contribution Getting things done).
Table of Contents
MAIR/HUNDT: IntroductionBas AARTS : Corpus linguistics, Chomsky and Fuzzy Tree FragmentsBengt ALTENBERG and Karin AIJMER: The English-Swedish Parallel Corpus: a resource for contrastive research and translation studiesYlva BERGLUND: Gonna and going to in the spoken component of the British National CorpusSylvie DE COCK: Repetitive phrasal chunkiness and advanced EFL speech and writingPieter DE HAAN: Tagging non-native English with the TOSCA-ICLE taggerInge DE MONNINK: Parsing a learner corpus?Jürgen ESSER: Corpus linguistics and the linguistic signMaria ESTLING: Competition in the wastebasket: A study of constructions with all, both and halfRoberta FACCHINETTI: Be able to in Present-day British EnglishAngela HAHN, Sabine REICH and Josef SCHMIED : Aspect in the Chemnitz Internet GrammarJanet HOLMES: Ladies and gentlemen: corpus analysis and linguistic sexismGunther KALTENBöCK: It-extraposition and non-extraposition in English discourseThomas KOHNEN: Corpora and speech acts: The study of performativesUta LENK: Stabilized expressions in spoken discourse: Worth our time?H. LINDQUIST, M. LEVIN: Apples and oranges: On comparing data from different corporaManfred MARKUS: Wherefore therefore: Causal connectives in Middle English prose as opposed to Present Day EnglishOliver MASON: A developer's view of corpus linguistics: The CUE systemAnneli MEURMAN-SOLIN: Prepositional ditransitive types of verb complementationIlka MINDT: Prosodic cues at speaker turnsTore NILSSON: Noun Phrases in British Travel TextsNelleke OOSTDIJK: Towards a model for the description of language useMinna PALANDER-COLLIN: The language of husbands and wives in seventeenth-century correspondencePam PETERS: Paradigm SplitNorbert SCHLÜTER: The present perfect in British and American English: selected results of an empirical analysisKristina SCHNEIDER: Popular and Quality Papers in the Rostock Historical Newspaper CorpusPaul SKANDERA: Research into idioms and the International Corpus of EnglishMikael SVENSSON: Sentence openings and textual progression in English and SwedishBernadette VINE: Getting things done: Some practical issues in a functional investigation of directives in spoken extracts from the New Zealand and British components of the International Corpus of EnglishTerry WALKER: The choice of second person singular pronouns in authentic and constructed dialogue in late sixteenth century EnglishKeith WILLIAMSON: Lexico-grammatical Tags and the Phonetic and Syntactic Analysis of Medieval Texts